Things Fall Apart is a novel written by Nigerian author Chinua Achebe. Published in , its It is a staple book in schools throughout Africa and is widely read and studied in English-speaking countries around the world. .. Of all of Achebe's works, Things Fall Apart is the one read most often, and has generated the most. I am reading this book for an english assignment and was wondering if the book was boring? 8 likes · like flag · See all 33 questions about Things Fall Apart. Things Fall Apart is a novel by Chinua Achebe that was first published in Read a Plot Overview of the entire book or a chapter by chapter Summary and.
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Things Fall Apart is acclaimed as the finest novel written about life in Nigeria at of music and dance, all could be noted and compared to similar Western mores. to a passing reference in a book he plans to write to be titled The Pacification. “Achebe's influence should go on and on teaching and reminding that all Start reading Things Fall Apart (African Trilogy, Book 1) on your Kindle in under a . Start reading Things Fall Apart (African Trilogy, Book 1) on your Kindle in under a One of the best books I've ever read, in my top five of all time, and I'm an.
What preconceptions did you bring to your reading that were either reinforced or changed? Why do the community celebrations make Okonkwo unhappy? Cite examples. Igbo culture is patriarchal. What is the role of women in the community? Does their role make them less valuable than men?
How does wife beating reflect the community attitude toward women? Near the beginning of the novel, we learn that Okonkwo has several wives. What does this arrangement reveal about family life in the community? Describe the Igbo extended family system.
How does it help Okonkwo to survive his exile in Mbanta? Compare and contrast Umuofia and Mbanta. How do their similarities and differences add to an understanding of the Igbo culture?
A significant social marker in Igbo society is the honorific title system. Describe how the use of titles allows Igbo members to compare themselves with each other. What is the symbolic meaning of the Week of Peace for the Igbo people?
Agriculture is important in the Igbo community. How does sharecropping contribute to the prosperity of the community? How does it affect individuals? What is the significance of the yam? What is the purpose of the New Yam Festival? How is it related to the religion of the community?
Explain the concept of ogbanje. Show how it is reflected in the relationship of Ekwefi and Ezinma. What do these rituals reveal about the level of sophistication of pre-colonial Igbo civilization? How does pre-colonial life in Umuofia differ from Western society? Are there similarities? Cite examples of any similarities and differences. Themes and Motifs 1. How is the theme of fate or destiny illustrated through the actions of the characters?
Fear is pervasive throughout the novel.
How does fear affect the actions of Okonkwo? Of Nwoye? How is the concept of change and the response to change presented in the novel? What is the significance of the song sung at the end of Chapter Twelve? How does this new song convey the theme of change? Who is Chukwu? How does Chukwu compare with the Christian concept of a supreme being? Use the conversation between Akunna and Mr.
Brown to support your comparison. How is Christianity depicted?
Why does Achebe focus on the Trinity? How does education advance Christianity among the Igbo people? What are the human consequences of the collision between the two cultures? Describe both the societal and personal clashes.
Imagery and Language 1. Achebe seamlessly merges Igbo vocabulary into the general text. Explain how he helps readers to understand Igbo words and concepts that have no English language equivalents.
How does this use of language convey a sense of Igbo culture? Explain the importance of folktales in the informal education of the children. Why does Nwoye like the tales of his mother better than those of his father? How does the legend of the old woman with one leg help to explain why the other clans fear Umuofia?
How does the language of the women and children differ from that used by the priests, diviners, and titled men? What is the significance of this difference? Wrestling is a recurring image. In addition to the literal match at the beginning of the novel, what are other examples of the theme of wrestling and how do they contribute to the overall theme?
Okonkwo is a "classical" tragic hero: he is a superior person and his tragic flaw - the compilation of manliness with violence, arrogance, and impatience - brings about his destruction. Obierka Okonkwo's best friend. He takes care of Okonkwo's yams after Okonkwo is exiled for seven years. He also questions some of the tribal morals and consequences. When Okonkwo kills Ikemefuna, Nwoye becomes alienated from his father and his values.
He joins forces with the white converters, and although Okonkwo disowns him, he finds peace at last far way from his father. Ezinma Daughter of Okonkwo who has more "masculine" spirit than her brother, Nwoye. She shares an interesting relationship with her mother Ekwefi. The relationship is more like one of equals than of the typical mother-daughter seen in the tribe. This could be because Ekwefi has lost so many other children, Enzinma is her only child, and so she loves her less because she has reached the crowning achievment of a woman, motherhood, but more because she relishes the love and companionship that she finds with Ezinma.
Ezinma shows great love for her father. She constantly tries to help him, and after he is taken hostage by the white District Commissioner, she breaks the traditional 28 day stay with her husband to be's family in order to return home and wait for her father's return.
And after Okonkwo gets back, she is the only one who can persuade him to eat. The death of Ikemefuna is one of the most important incidents that will lead to the tragedy of Okonkwo. Ekwefi One of the wives of Okonkwo whose only aim is to protect her only child, Ezinma — from Okonkwo and even from the gods.
Brown The first leader of the missionaries: a gentle and kind man who tries to convert the villagers only verbally and through his hospital and school, and he never uses aggressive methods. Reverend James Smith He is the one who uses violence in order to convert the local people.
He believes that the quality and zeal of the converts counts more than Mr. Brown's large quantity of followers. Chapter Summaries Chapter 1 Okonkwo, the greatest warrior of a Nigerian tribe, the Umuofia clan, lives in the little village called Iguedo.
He is the most respected man in Iguedo: when he was a young man, he beat Amalinze the Cat, the undefeated warrior, in a wrestling match.
Chapter 2 The war threatens to break out between Umuofia and Mbaino, a neighboring village, because of an unsolved murder.
In order to avoid the destruction, Umuofia sends Okonkwo, since Okonkwo has a great reputation everywhere, to Mbaino to offer an ultimatum: give Umuofia a virgin and a young boy, or go to war.
Mbaino readily consents, not wanting to battle against the superior might of Umuofia. Chapter 3 Okonkwo is not just a great warrior but a successful farmer as well: he grows yam, the king crop. Unlike his father, he is a wealthy man in the village, owning an obi house , a shrine, a barn, and three huts, one for each of his wives. Chapter 4 Ikemefuna, who becomes a very popular boy in the family, starts calling Okonkwo "father".
On the Week of Peace, Okonkwo breaks the "law" when he beats one of his wives, Ojiugo, because she was too negligent. He has to sacrifice two animals and pay fine they use shells as currency based on the decision of the priest. This is the first case when the great warrior sins. Chapter 5 Since Okonkwo is not involved in the Feast of the New Yam, because he is not a woman, he becomes full of pent up anger from unemployment.
Finally, he finds an excuse to beat his second wife Ekwefi. When he finishes, he decides to go hunting. Ekwefi, still shaken from the beating, murmurs about a gun that never shot. Angry again, Okonkwo loses his head and he tries to shoot Ekwefi — without success. Later that day, Ekwefi and her daughter, Ezinma, begin to cook dinner with the other wives. Ezinma asks many questions and helps her mother and Nwoye's mother.
When dinner is done, the daughters present their mother's food, one at a time, to Okonkwo. As Ezinma gives him her dish, she asks about the wrestling tournament and offers to carry Okonkwo's chair. Okonkwo replies that that is a boy's job, though inside he is very proud of her. Not wanting to seem too affectionate toward Ezinma, he criticizes her. Chapter 6 At the wrestling contest, an essential part of the culture, Ekwefi meets with Chielo, the priestess of the Oracle. Chielo refers to Ezinma as "my child".
Chapter 7 Ikemefuna has been the member of the family for three years. Nwoye realizes that his father has murdered Ikemefuna and begins to distance himself from his father and the clansmen. Okonkwo becomes depressed after killing Ikemefuna, so he visits his best friend, Obierika, who disapproves of his role in Ikemefuna's killing.
Obierika says that Okonkwo's act will upset the Earth and the earth goddess will seek revenge. After discussing Ikemefuna's death with Obierika, Okonkwo is finally able to sleep restfully, but he is awakened by his wife Ekwefi. Their daughter Ezinma, whom Okonkwo is fond of, is dying.
Okonkwo gathers grasses, barks, and leaves to prepare medicine for Ezinma. A public trial is held on the village commons. Nine clan leaders, including Okonkwo, represent the spirits of their ancestors. The nine clan leaders, or egwugwu, also represent the nine villages of Umuofia. Okonkwo does not sit among the other eight leaders, or elders, while they listen to a dispute between an estranged husband and wife.
The wife, Mgbafo, had been severely beaten by her husband. Her brother took her back to their family's village, but her husband wanted her back home. The egwugwu tell the husband to take wine to his in-laws and beg his wife to come home. One elder wonders why such a trivial dispute would come before the egwugwu. Although Okonkwo and Ekwefi protest, Chielo takes a terrified Ezinma on her back and forbids anyone to follow.
Chielo carries Ezinma to all nine villages and then enters the Oracle's cave. Ekwefi follows secretly, in spite of Chielo's admonitions, and waits at the entrance of the Oracle. Okonkwo surprises Ekwefi by arriving at the cave, and he also waits with her. The next morning, Chielo takes Ezinma to Ekwefi's hut and puts her to bed.
When Ogbuefi Ezeudu dies, Okonkwo worries because the last time that Ezeudu visited him was when he warned Okonkwo against participating in the killing of Ikemefuna.
Ezeudu was an important leader in the village and achieved three titles of the clan's four, a rare accomplishment. During the large funeral, Okonkwo's gun goes off, and Ezeudu's sixteen-year-old son is killed accidentally. Because the accidental killing of a clansman is a crime against the earth goddess, Okonkwo and his family must be exiled from Umuofia for seven years.
The family moves to Okonkwo's mother's native village, Mbanta. After they depart Umuofia, a group of village men destroy Okonkwo's compound and kill his animals to cleanse the village of Okonkwo's sin. Obierika stores Okonkwo's yams in his barn and wonders about the old traditions of the Igbo culture.
Okonkwo is welcomed to Mbanta by his maternal uncle, Uchendu, a village elder. He gives Okonkwo a plot of land on which to farm and build a compound for his family.
But Okonkwo is depressed, and he blames his chi or personal spirit for his failure to achieve lasting greatness. During Okonkwo's second year in exile, he receives a visit from his best friend, Obierika, who recounts sad news about the village of Abame: After a white man rode into the village on a bicycle, the elders of Abame consulted their Oracle, which told them that the white man would destroy their clan and other clans.