Design with nature ebook


 

Ian L McHarg; American Museum of Natural History. Garden City, N.Y., Published for the American Museum of Natural History [by] the Natural History Press, McHarg, Ian L. Editorial Reviews. From Library Journal. LJ's reviewer boldly contended that this " may well be eBook features: Highlight, take notes, and search in the book. The first book to describe an ecologically sound approach to the planning and design of communities, Design with Nature has done much over the past 25 years to shape public environmental policy. IAN L. McHARG was the founder of and is professor emeritus in the Department of.

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Design With Nature Ebook

Design with nature. User Review - Not Available - Book Verdict. LJ's reviewer boldly contended that this "may well be one of the most important. Design with nature. User Review - Not Available - Book Verdict. LJ's reviewer boldly contended that this "may well be one of the most important books of the. Design with nature by Ian L. McHarg, , Published for the American Museum of Natural History [by] the Natural History Press edition, in English - [1st ed.] Download ebook for print-disabled Download Protected DAISY.

Geographic Information Systems GIS was used to assess the development extent and land surface temperature distribution. The authors argue that design-with-nature warrants multifunctionality because of its intrinsic interdisciplinary approach. Moreover, education and dissemination of successful examples can achieve a greater level of awareness among the public and further promote multifunctional design for landscape sustainability. Keywords: environmental planning, stormwater management, interdisciplinary design, landscape performance, landscape preference, GIS 1. Introduction Multifunctional landscapes, by definition, are designed for multidimensional benefits [ 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 ]. Landscape architects, architects, and planners are charged with designing landscapes that meet diverse human needs, while also facilitating ecosystem functions [ 5 , 6 ]. In other words, the creation and maintenance of healthy human settlements share the same principle of that of healthy ecosystems. A multifunctional landscape design solution must embrace the various ecosystem services that have already been bequeathed to a land area. These services include 1 supporting and biophysical services e. These services, coupled with human intervention, re shape the natural and built environments for achieving project sustainability goals and better human well-being [ 13 ]. Many past studies on ecosystem services have focused on ad hoc evaluation of landscape structure, composition, and services using empirical evaluation or predictive models. Few studies have tackled ecosystem services from the perspective of how landscape design can contribute to these services. Although this study is certainly not the first attempt of this kind, it contributes to the literature by evaluating the design-with-nature concept experimented with in a large-scale community development project, in which landscape design and management regimen changed over time due to social barriers. American landscape architect and ecological planner Ian McHarg — first proposed the concept design-with-nature [ 14 ].

In an extended example, McHarg focuses on a plan for the city of Baltimore and how that city can continue to grow without giving in to sprawl, selecting the proper places to grow and the proper places to preserve and what the density in these locations should be. Next, McHarg turns to a theoretical discussion of how we would go about creating a proper environment for an astronaut sent to live in space. He shows how all the various systems are integrated and how difficult it is to account for everything that nature does naturally.

The astronaut easily can find that he or she has not accounted for some need and throw the system out of whack. This leads into the chapter on Staten Island, which again is planned according to different values and needs, using overlaying maps that give planners the means to know where the best places for conservation are, as well as the best places for urbanization, both residential and commercial.

In the next theory-heavy section, McHarg approaches a group of thinkers he calls "Naturalists.

Design With Nature

He argues that natural organisms adapt to one another, that the fittest only surviving is actually a way of advancing nature so that it is more interdependent. The lion that eats the caribou, for example, is doing the caribou a favor in terms of keeping its stock lower and also helping it to evolve to a higher state through only letting the most fit survive.

Parasites depend on hosts, but hosts often adapt to depend also on the parasite. Whole ecosystems exists because of this interdependence. One of those, arguably, is our own body, which consists of a host of cells, most of them cells that have learned to specialize in particular tasks in order to make the body work together efficiently.

The cells are interdependent, supporting a much greater whole, the way each living thing supports the greater whole of the earth.

Design with nature

Next, McHarg turns to a project on the Potomac River basin. Much as he has done in earlier chapters, he lays out the various areas as being most suitable for various resources in order to understand where it would be best to urbanize and so on. The one intriguing point he makes in this chapter is that we are too prone to zone things for one use, whereas nature does not zone: various uses can be gleaned from one area in nature, and we should do the same in the city.

But other than that, the discussion of the Potomac seems like yet another practicum that repeats information that has gone before. The techniques to discover what the best places to build are well known by now, and so the extended examples grow increasingly tiresome.

Potentially, the section on Washington, D. But in the end, I found this section to be disappointing. His main point seems to be that we need to take into account more than finances when designing sites. Of course, this is easier said than done, since in the end it is the market that determines how we value space.

His earlier points about taking into account how altering that space affects value seemed more direct to the point.

Design with nature - Ian L. McHarg, American Museum of Natural History - Google книги

The book ends with a chapter on the health of a city, which is perhaps one of the most interesting and thought provoking. Here, he uses his mapping system to denote neighborhoods in Philadelphia with various diseases, mental diseases, and pollution, along with economic troubles, crime, race, education, unemployment, income, density, and so on.

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Write a review Rate this item: Written by the chair of the LEED-Neighborhood Development LEED-ND initiative, Sustainable Urbanism: Urban Design with Nature is both an urgent call to action and a comprehensive introduction to "sustainable urbanism"--the emerging and growing design reform movement that combines the creation and enhancement of walkable and diverse places with the need to build high-performance infrastructure and buildings.

Providing a historic perspective on the standards and regulations that got us to where we are today in terms of urban lifestyle and attempts at reform, Douglas Farr makes a powerful case for sustainable urbanism, showing where we went wrong, and where we need to go. He then explains how to implement sustainable urbanism through leadership and communication in cities, communities, and neighborhoods.

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Essays written by Farr and others delve into such issues as: Increasing sustainability through density. Integrating transportation and land use. Creating sustainable neighborhoods, including housing, car-free areas, locally-owned stores, walkable neighborhoods, and universal accessibility.

The health and environmental benefits of linking humans to nature, including walk-to open spaces, neighborhood stormwater systems and waste treatment, and food production. High performance buildings and district energy systems. An epilogue looks to the future of sustainable urbanism over the next years. At once solidly researched and passionately argued, Sustainable Urbanism is the ideal guidebook for urban designers, planners, and architects who are eager to make a positive impact on our--and our descendants'--buildings, cities, and lives.

Industry Reviews "The book's appealing-sounding moniker knits together smart growth, new urbanism, and green building, three movements that address the sliding scales of regions, neighborhoods and buildings.

Farr advocates for transit-served, walkable neighborhoods with high-tech buildings and infrastructure.

Design with nature

His careful division of the case studies into built greenfield, unbuilt greenfield, built infill, and unbuilt infill, should be a clue. It's also nice that he offiers a fairly specific definition of the s-word.

Farr's book is distinguished by his systematic determination to reveal the trade secrets of sustainable design-those rules of thumb that bridge the gap between woolly generalities and highly specific case studies.

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