A Beautiful Mind () is a biography of Nobel Prize-winning economist and mathematician John Forbes Nash, Jr. by Sylvia Nasar, professor of journalism at . A Beautiful Mind book. Read reviews from the world's largest community for readers. Stories of famously eccentric Princetonians abound--such as tha. A Beautiful Mind Paperback – July 12, In this powerful and dramatic biography Sylvia Nasar vividly recreates the life of a mathematical genius whose career was cut short by schizophrenia and who, after three decades of devastating mental illness, miraculously recovered and.
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A Beautiful Mind by Sylvia Nasar - In this powerful and dramatic biography Sylvia Nasar vividly recreates the life of a mathematical genius whose career was cut. The book A Beautiful Mind, published in , is an unauthorized biography of the Nobel Prize-winning economist and mathematician John Forbes Nash, Jr. A Beautiful Mind. Book Review. Article (PDF Available) in Psychiatric Services 50 (9) · September with 11, Reads. DOI: /ps
The code is said to be found in normal magazines, newspapers and such. He is to look for patterns in magazines and newspapers in order to thwart a Soviet plot. Nash becomes increasingly obsessive about searching for these hidden patterns and believes he is followed when he delivers his results to a secret mailbox. Meanwhile, a student, Alicia Larde , asks him to dinner, and the two fall in love. On a return visit to Princeton, Nash runs into Charles and his niece, Marcee.
With Charles' encouragement, he proposes to Alicia and they marry. Nash begins to fear for his life after witnessing a shootout between Parcher and Soviet agents, but Parcher blackmails him into staying on his assignment. While delivering a guest lecture at Harvard University , Nash tries to flee from people he thinks are foreign Soviet agents, led by Dr.
After punching Rosen in an attempt to flee, Nash is forcibly sedated and sent to a psychiatric facility he believes is run by the Soviets. Rosen tells Alicia that Nash has paranoid schizophrenia and that Charles, Marcee, and Parcher exist only in his imagination.
Alicia investigates and finally confronts Nash with the unopened documents he had delivered to the secret mailbox. Nash is given a course of insulin shock therapy and eventually released. Frustrated with the side effects of the antipsychotic medication he is taking, which makes him lethargic and unresponsive, he secretly stops taking it.
This causes a relapse and he "meets" Parcher again. Shortly afterward, Alicia discovers Nash is once again working on his "assignment. Nash claims that Charles was watching the baby. Alicia calls Dr. Rosen, but Nash believes Parcher is trying to kill her. He rushes in to push Parcher away, and accidentally knocks Alicia and the baby to the ground. As Alicia flees the house with their baby, Nash jumps in front of Alicia's car and begs her to stay.
Nash tells her that he realizes that he has never seen Marcee age, even though he has known her for three years. He finally accepts that Parcher and other figures are hallucinations. Against Dr. Rosen's advice, Nash decides not to restart his medication, believing that he can deal with his symptoms himself.
Alicia decides to stay and support him in this. Nash returns to Princeton and approaches his old rival, Hansen, now head of the mathematics department. Hansen grants Nash permission to work out of the library and to audit classes.
Over the next two decades, Nash learns to ignore his hallucinations. By the late s, he is allowed to teach again. In , Nash wins the Nobel Award in Economics for his revolutionary work on game theory , and is honored by his fellow professors. The movie ends as Nash, Alicia, and their son leave the auditorium in Stockholm; Nash sees Charles, Marcee, and Parcher standing to one side and watching him. He eventually brought the project to director Ron Howard , who had scheduling conflicts and was forced to pass.
Grazer later said that many A-list directors were calling with their point of view on the project. He eventually focused on a particular director, who coincidentally was available only when Howard was also available.
Grazer chose Howard. Grazer met with a number of screenwriters, mostly consisting of "serious dramatists", but he chose Akiva Goldsman because of his strong passion and desire for the project.
Goldsman's creative take on the project was to avoid having viewers understand they are viewing an alternative reality until a specific point in the film. This was done to rob the viewers of their understanding, to mimic how Nash comprehended his experiences. Howard agreed to direct the film based on the first draft. He asked Goldsman to emphasize the love story of Nash and his wife; she was critical to his being able to continue living at home.
Dave Bayer , a professor of Mathematics at Barnard College , Columbia University,  was consulted on the mathematical equations that appear in the film. For the scene where Nash has to teach a calculus class and gives them a complicated problem to keep them busy, Bayer chose a problem physically unrealistic but mathematically very rich, in keeping with Nash as "someone who really doesn't want to teach the mundane details, who will home in on what's really interesting".
Bayer received a cameo role in the film as a professor who lays his pen down for Nash in the pen ceremony near the end of the film. Greg Cannom was chosen to create the makeup effects for A Beautiful Mind , specifically the age progression of the characters. Crowe had previously worked with Cannom on The Insider. Howard had also worked with Cannom on Cocoon. Each character's stages of makeup were broken down by the number of years that would pass between levels.
Cannom stressed subtlety between the stages, but worked toward the ultimate stage of "Older Nash". The production team originally decided that the makeup department would age Russell Crowe throughout the film; however, at Crowe's request, the makeup was used to push his look to resemble the facial features of John Nash.
Cannom developed a new silicone-type makeup that could simulate skin and be used for overlapping applications; this shortened make-up application time from eight to four hours.
Crowe was also fitted with a number of dentures to give him a slight overbite in the film. Howard and Grazer chose frequent collaborator James Horner to score the film because they knew of his ability to communicate. Howard said, regarding Horner, "It's like having a conversation with a writer or an actor or another director. After the first screening of the film, Horner told Howard: Horner chose Welsh singer Charlotte Church to sing the soprano vocals after deciding that he needed a balance between a child and adult singing voice.
He wanted a "purity, clarity and brightness of an instrument" but also a vibrato to maintain the humanity of the voice. Three separate trips were made to the Princeton University campus. During filming, Howard decided that Nash's delusions should always be introduced first audibly and then visually.
This provides a clue for the audience and establishes the delusions from Nash's point of view.
The historic John Nash had only auditory delusions. The filmmakers developed a technique to represent Nash's mental epiphanies. Mathematicians described to them such moments as a sense of "the smoke clearing", "flashes of light" and "everything coming together", so the filmmakers used a flash of light appearing over an object or person to signify Nash's creativity at work.
The narrative of the film differs considerably from the events of Nash's life, as filmmakers made choices for the sense of the story. The film has been criticized for this aspect, but the filmmakers said they never intended a literal representation of his life. One difficulty was the portrayal of his mental illness and trying to find a film visual language for this. His handlers, both from faculty and administration, had to introduce him to assistants and strangers.
Few of the characters in the film, besides John and Alicia Nash, correspond directly to actual people. In the film, Nash suffers schizophrenic hallucinations while he is in graduate school, but in his life he did not have this experience until some years later. No mention is made of Nash's homosexual experiences at RAND,  which are noted in the biography;  though both Nash and his wife deny this occurred.
It was not until after Nash won the Nobel Memorial Prize in that they renewed their relationship. Beginning in , Alicia allowed him to live with her as a boarder. They remarried in Instead, he was appointed as C. Moore instructor at MIT. Howard later stated that they added the line of dialogue because they worried that the film would be criticized for suggesting that all people with schizophrenia can overcome their illness without medication.
A Beautiful Mind received a limited release on December 21, , receiving positive reviews, with Crowe receiving wide acclaim for his performance. It was later released in the United States on January 4, The website's critical consensus states, "The well-acted A Beautiful Mind is both a moving love story and a revealing look at mental illness.
Roger Ebert of Chicago Sun-Times gave the film four out of four stars. John Sutherland of The Guardian noted the film's biopic distortions, but said:. Howard pulls off an extraordinary trick in A Beautiful Mind by seducing the audience into Nash's paranoid world.
We may not leave the cinema with A level competence in game theory, but we do get a glimpse into what it feels like to be mad - and not know it. During the five-day weekend of the limited release, A Beautiful Mind opened at the 12 spot at the box office,  peaking at the 2 spot following the wide release. In the following year, it was nominated for AFI's Years The film was also released on Blu-ray in North America on January 25, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
A Beautiful Mind Theatrical release poster. Brian Grazer Ron Howard.
Daniel P. Hanley Mike Hill. Imagine Entertainment.
Main article: A Beautiful Mind soundtrack. Film in the United States portal s portal. Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on January 25, Retrieved November 8, Professor of Mathematics".
Barnard College, Columbia University. Archived from the original on May 11, Retrieved May 8, June 2, Archived PDF from the original on November 19, Retrieved October 20, April 30, Retrieved May 10, Many patients who are diagnosed earlier in their lives are not as fortunate.
Much debate continues as to what exactly schizophrenia is and what causes it, according to Gil.
One view suggests that it is an illness with many manifestations while another submits that it is a collection of illnesses often lumped together. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, schizophrenia is "a chronic, severe and disabling brain disease that has no known single cause. A common misconception about schizophrenia is the belief that it refers to "split personality," according to the American Psychiatric Association.
A person who "develops schizophrenia will usually experience a decline in function both at work and in social situations. But while the Greek root schizo does mean split, it derives from a split between the mind and soul, and should not be confused with the disorder psychiatrists call multiple personality.
What is clear is that the symptoms are often the same. Gil distinguishes them between positive and negative. Positive symptoms are hallucinations, disorganized thinking, illusions that are very striking. For instance, Nash thought people or beings were after him, or that he heard voices or messages from the media.
Negative symptoms are more difficult to diagnose because they can appear like more common emotions: Often a person's cognitive abilities combined with any of these symptoms will predict the functionality of the patient, Gil said. Fifty percent of patients with severe symptoms continue to have disabling symptoms and require some level of supervision. However, there is some possibility that as a person ages, he might show signs of improvements or recovery.
It's a beautiful outcome but not a typical outcome.
He started from a higher cognitive point, was endowed with a higher intellect, and that helped his recovery his collective abilities later in life. The most important predictor of relapse or functionality, however, is whether a patient continues on his treatment, said Gil. That can be difficult, he said, because often people don't believe they have an illness in the first place. And as John Nash's story reflects, schizophrenia is a long life illness, said Gil, and those who suffer from it-as well as the people close to them-must be prepared for a difficult, often confusing journey.
Click to view the video with psychiatrist Roberto Gil , in which he discusses Nash's unique case, the common symptoms associated with schizophrenia and what family members can do to help.