America is in the heart carlos bulosan pdf


America is in the heart, a personal history, by Carlos Bulosan. - Full View . Bulosan, Carlos. Rights: Public Download PDF Download EPUB. Partner login . America is In the Heart: A Personal History (Washington paperbacks, WP) - Kindle edition by Carlos Bulosan, Carey McWilliams. Download it once and read . First published in , this classic memoir by well-known Filipino poet Carlos Bulosan describes his boyhood in the Philippines, his voyage to America, and his years of hardship and despair as an itinerant laborer following the harvest trail in the rural West. I love the book.

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America Is In The Heart Carlos Bulosan Pdf

1 A PREFACE TO CARLOS BULOSAN'S AMERICA IS IN THE HEART by E. San Juan, Jr. Professorial Chairholder, Polytechnic University of the Philippines. Get this from a library! America is in the heart: a personal history. [Carlos Bulosan]. AMERICA IS IN THE HEART: A PERSONAL. HISTORY. By: Carlos Bulosan. From First published in , this autobiography of the well-.

This becomes apparent when one examines the critical response that the text received after it was republished by the University of Washington Press in Unlike its reception directly after the war years, later critical work and reader reception indicated that Bulosans work was read as a critique of American ideology as well as of US foreign policies in Asia. Due to the domestic friction generated by US participation in the Vietnam War in the wake of the civil rights movement, and the more politically radical point of view of an ethnic studies university readership, critical interpretation focused primarily on the text as a subversion rather than an affirmation of the United States domestic and international practices. The general reception of America after its republication focused on the inverse of the prodemocratic, pro-American s-era reception of the text. Quite in contrast to the Filipino immigrants notion of the United States as a land of equal opportunity are a plethora of textual events that exemplify racism in America, situations that far outnumber their positive counterparts. Nonetheless, the protagonists final utterance is an undying belief in the America of his dreams. His resounding statement is the final word, in spite of everything he had withstood. Alloss idealistic Americanism functions as a survival mechanism for the protagonist, as it does for those who identify with him.

Discourse of Detours and Disjunctures What becomes symptomatic at this juncture is a shift in rhetoric and style. By this time, the generic norms of traditional au- tobiography, using the typical coding for verisimilitude and linear plotting, have already been qualified by a lively comic rhythm of reiteration and recovery. Characters appear and disappear with uncanny gusto.

Incidents swerve and replicate themselves while the nuances of dialogue are reprogrammed in a carnivalesque circulation of energies. Poly- phonic voices fill the void of Filipino lives until the crisis of hegemonic representation ar- rives, with emotion-laden scenarios displaced by reflexive meditation at the end.

In Part III, a decisive break occurs. This destroys the model of the successful immigrant and its iconic aura. On this edge of the narrative looms impending failure.

Bulosan has dared to transcribe a hazardous reconnaissance of the American heartland. In the process, he celebrates several deaths, one of which is the suicide of Estevan whose story about his hometown precipitates a spiritual conversion: In-depth semiotic inquiry would pursue the trope of prophetic homecoming in- forming the structure of the dream in Chapter 40 which functions as a synecdoche for what is repressed.

Falling asleep on a bus, the fugitive dreams of his return to his hometown and rejoices at seeing his mother and the whole family eating together. It halts the spatial discontinuity, the labyrinthine route of his adventure. It ushers the protagonist into a recognition of his new vocation, not so much as the fabulist of Laughter as the archivalist of popular memory.

Tracking the Labor of the Negative From a broader historical standpoint, AIH may be appraised as the first example of a new genre in the archive, a popular-front allegory attuned to the frightful lanscape of the Depression and total World War Denning.

This form articulates the problems of class, race, nation, and gender in an elaborate, overdetermined configuration painstak- ingly unravelled in a sequence of surprising but familiar incidents. Comedy and the symbolic dynamics of the unconscious interact with the realist code of story-telling to generate this new artifice.

Her genial figure is sub- limated in the feisty samaritanic women interrogating patriarchal authority. Can we consider AIH a protofeminist text interweaving the nomadic and sedentary lines of action, of flight and confrontation? The aftermath preserved feudal-landlord power which suppressed the Colorum and Sakdal uprisings and drove Bulosan and his generation into permanent exile Francisco; Guerrero; Taruc.

In this context, the intent of AIH can be construed as the reinscription of the inaugural moment of loss U. We witness in the end the festive, self-conscious urgent tone of the narrator as he attempts a final reconciliation of the warring forces in his life.

His striving for coher- ence and intelligibility is simultaneously an endeavor to universalize the import and sig- nificance of his experience. He calls for the renewal of the social energies that lie dormant in the interstices of the text, partcularly the oppositional and the utopian impulses stifled by acquisitive individualism.

Has the postmodernist taste for pastiche and cynical deconstructivism rendered this book inutile? Conceived as an agent-provocateur, AIH allegorizes the rad- ical transformation of the old system of colonial bondage and culture of silence into one of egalitarian freedom by way of a critical appropriation of diverse embodied ideas en- tangled in historic contingencies. By the end of the McCarthy witch-hunt in , Bulosan enjoyed a modest if sur- reptitious prestige.

Allegorizing the improvised self-fashioning of the Filipino subject, The Cry may be read as a performative argument seeking to concretize the right of self-determina- tion. What impelled him to write? Above all and ultimately, to translate the desires and aspira- tions of the whole Filipino people in the Philippines and abroad in terms relevant to con- temporary history.

Bulosan died on September 11, , three years after the Korean War ended, within earshot of the portentous rumblings from IndoChina. In retrospect, the tensions of the Cold War offered an occasion for Bulosan to analyze and redefine the self-contradictory predicament that bedevilled the lives of his contemporaries.

In grappling with life-and-death contingencies, he reinvented the inter- textual conjuncture of class, gender, race, and ethnicity that articulated the epochal con- flict between capitalism and the various socialist experiments since the Bolshevik revolution.

This arena of struggle over the aesthetic worth and moral gravity of his achievement may prove deci- sive in extrapolating the vicissitudes and prospects of popular-democratic changes everywhere in this new millennium. Achievements During the McCarthy Era. Babb, Sanora. Carlos Bulosan File. University of Texas, Austin, Texas. Circa Bakhtin, Mikhail. The Dialogic Imagination. University of Texas P, Bulosan, Carlos.

America Is in the Heart. Seattle and London: Washington UP, On Becoming Filipino, ed.

AMERICA IS IN THE | Fiction & Literature

Temple UP, Cabral, Amilcar. Return to the Source. New York: Monthly Review Press, Constantino, Renato. The Philippines: A Past Revisited. Quezon City: Tala Publishing Services, Denning, Michael. The Cultural Front. Verso, Du Bois, W.

America Is in the Heart: A Personal History

The Souls of Black Folk. Norton, Fanon, Frantz. The Wretched of the Earth. Grove Press, Feria, Dolores, ed.

America is in the heart : a personal history

Letters in Exile. Francisco, Luzviminda. Daniel B. Schirmer and Stephen Shalom. South End Press, pp. Freire, Paulo. Education for Critical Consciousness. The Seabury Press, Goldmann, Lucien. Essays on Method in the Sociology of Literature. St Louis, MO: Telos Press, Hegel, G.

Phenomenology of Spirit. Oxford UP, Jameson, Fredric. The Political Unconscious. Ithaca, NY: I knew how it is like to live in a remote rural place.

I have experienced what Carlos Bulosan did: My parents both lived in their own provinces; their attitudes are provincial. Although they are not educated, they use their common sense to live with dignity, to sacrifice for our sakes. This book should never be forgotten, for it refelcts in the dark society in the past. Dec 10, Janica Vinas rated it really liked it. America is in the Heart tells the story of Carlos Bulosan, a strongly inspired Filipino peasant who strives to leave his life of poverty behind to fulfill his American dream.

Wanting nothing more than to live a decent life, Bulosan must endure the struggles of being a poor Filipino in America and c America is in the Heart tells the story of Carlos Bulosan, a strongly inspired Filipino peasant who strives to leave his life of poverty behind to fulfill his American dream.

Wanting nothing more than to live a decent life, Bulosan must endure the struggles of being a poor Filipino in America and continue to remain strong to reach his dream. Bulosan does everything to escape his life as being a peasant, leaving his unfortunate family behind, accepting harsh, low-paying jobs, and taking off to America wishing to become more than just a peasant from a small town in the Philippines.

While beating the carabao , his father comes toward him and asks him why he is beating the animal- Amado has no response. All of a sudden, he starts to run away from the farm without coming back.

While running away, Amado shouts and says goodbye to Bulosan. Bulosan comes into realization that the reason why Amado had run away was because he was tired of living in poverty. This moment shows how deeply Amado hated their hard, peasant life, so he runs away from his problems as if it would help. Amado rebelled, ignored, and ran away from his problems, making his life become anything but better. It all adds up to a tale of endurance, an example of all ages which encourages us to believe that we must rise above all and to never give up, no matter how much people try to bring us down.

America is in the Heart tells that story very powerfully, reminding us that life in America will not always be easy, but we must always remember our rights. America is in the Heart is an honest book that includes every detail of unjust cruelty faced or witnessed by a Filipino. I personally enjoyed reading this book because Bulosan was a Filipino man who grew up in the exact same town in the Philippines where my parents, grandparents, and great-grandparents grew up in, so I could feel some sort of connection with the author.

Some of the ideas of the Filipino culture mentioned by Bulosan in this book are some of what my grandparents have told me when I was younger. View all 7 comments. Jul 02, L rated it really liked it Shelves: This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers.

To view it, click here. President, like Carlos, was the son of uneducated farmers and was himself poor and educated only very briefly. Lincoln also was associated in his time and ours as being a symbol for the struggle of national unity, a struggle that Bulosan would take up in his own form in the latter part of his life. It is his childhood experiences as well as his various introductions to American life that stir in him both the brimming ideals and the shattered illusions of equality, and teach him the differences between action and reaction.

The idea of America as existing and thriving in the heart is what fuels the constant hope that Carlos holds of unity and acceptance for himself and his fellow countrymen. His peasant life in the Philippines is mysterious to him, full of questions. In dire conditions, he watches as his brothers leave, and his father struggles against changing conditions to maintain the dignity of his forefathers: A later memory of his mother not eating so that Carlos and his brothers would have enough food also haunts this early consciousness of what it meant to be poor and seemingly helpless As Carlos and his two brothers struggle to piece together an existence in America, Carlos learns that sometimes more than honor and comfort must be sacrificed when one comes face-to-face with the deception and hardship that accompany American idealism: It is out of this despair and hunger that Carlos discovers the power of the written word, and the complicated possibilities that can stem from human kindnesses.

Through the kinship he shares with his countrymen and adopted brothers, the shared experiences of writers like Thomas Mann and Yone Noguchi, and the unexpected and often confusing kindnesses of white people like John Fante, Marian, and Alice and Eileen Odell, Bulosan finds a chance for hope of which he could be the source: Even as his conditions and health worsen, his hope expands to encompass first his family, then his village and, maybe, all of the Philippines The fact that Bulosan never gets a chance to go back to the Philippines becomes subjects for his later works — and while he may never have attained a reunion with his parents and sisters as he would have liked, the political consciousness that he attains in the latter chapters of the book show a hope for this understanding of poverty and the possibilities it may spark in others.

Bulosan, who initially could not find a name for the listlessness and anxiety that he feels when confronted with racism, eventually finds a way to reach the hearts of men through his writings and teachings, and a way to let them into his vision of an ideal America.

I knew that I was also educating myself. I was learning from the men. In his eyes, America becomes a caring and grieving mother — a mother who can be giving and generous if only the right questions are asked. At a crossroads of social and political awakening, Carlos is able to find a way for the goodness in his heart to most effectively inspire others: View all 3 comments.

Sep 29, Kate rated it liked it Shelves: But, I'm basing this off what i believe the author wanted the reader to get out of his story. And I think, in some areas, he didn't succeed. The beginning, focusing on his childhood in the Philippines was very strong and had a LOT of information and a lot of beautiful, horrifying passages.

And then the end was also very powerful from his story as a aspiring writer and adult person. Like I said in my update for this book, the middle of this book became "and then i went here There was a lot of incredible commentary on racism in America especially toward Filipinos and Asian Americans.

Jul 28, sdw rated it really liked it Shelves: This is not an autobiography. This is fiction or a composite of many different experiences. For example, Bulosan did not work in the canneries in Alaska. Doing so contributes to the tendency to read certain forms of literature as historical fact, and also I think downplays the particular literary merits of this piece. This book tells the journ This is not an autobiography.

This book tells the journey of Allos from the Philippines to the United States where he becomes Carlos where he suffers from violent economic and racial exploitation running in fear from the savagery of the life he faces until he discovers socialism and communism and labor unions and intellectual white women and he becomes Carl the author while recovering from tuberculosis. Mar 05, Rufus rated it liked it Shelves: The figure of Carlos Bulosan cuts a distinct outline in the history of Philippine-American relations.

His account of the exploitation and violence perpetrated upon Filipino farm workers in the United States during the Great Depression, through the War and until the early s when McCarthyist hysteria started gripping the minds of the mainstream American population, provides an incalculable source of a viewpoint that is not much read in mainstream historical works even today.

Reading Bulosan is The figure of Carlos Bulosan cuts a distinct outline in the history of Philippine-American relations. Reading Bulosan is reading not only the biography of a single Filipino coming to grips with a new world of exploitation, it is the history of the whole uprooted Filipino workers who sought to understand the America that was idealized and the America that was reality.

This paper aims to highlight the contradictions in the conception of America in the writings of Bulosan as we will find that the praises he often sings for America, is for an abstract America that is an almost utopian ideal divorced from reality. The paper will attempt to present this seeming contradiction by looking at the works written by Bulosan, works written about Bulosan and of the Asian immigrant in general, and lastly will draw on the author's own interpretation of Bulosan as an artist.

Jan 20, Monica rated it it was amazing. This is an autobiography about Carlos Bulosan's life in America. Bulosan was born in the central Philippines in Binalonan. After arriving in America in , at the age of 17, he discovered a new world of violence, racism and oppression. It is sad of course because it is about the lives of Filipinos in America and their struggles with racist people and even amongst themselves. Aug 13, Nikhil rated it did not like it Shelves: This text has value as a document of migrant Filipino and other Asian immigrant workers on the West Coast during the early 20th century.

It depicts the circumscribed life these migrants had living with the Western States racist laws restricting economic and social activity by Asians, depicts the often horrifying working conditions in which these migrants were employed, and describes the nascent labor struggles of these workers to unionize and demand better working conditions.

There ar 1. There are limited texts by Asian migrant workers from the time period, and as a psuedo-ethnography this text has value while the author is criticized for combining events from several Filipinos lives into the life of a single character, this does not detract from the text's ethnographic merit.

However, as a piece of fiction, this text left much to be desired. Most importantly, the text is too long.

While I understand that the lists of character's names and their seemingly random appearances through the text mirrors the transience of the main character's life, it makes for difficult reading and goes on for at least 50 pages too long. I also dislike when authors, describing the birth of a revolutionary socialist consciousness in the protagonist who emerged from proletarian misery start listing texts they thought were cool; it is lazy writing and completely unnecessary. The same point holds with name-dropping labor organizers and unions.

The text is also fixated with the idea of poor, non-white women as devious whores cheating hard-working migrant men of color out of their money, while educated, white women are bastions of purity that provide spiritual sustenance for the migrants and help their labor movement. No mention is given to the fact that sex workers and other poor women have always been at the vanguard of labor movements in the US or indeed, Western countries in general.

Or of the fact that poor women, who also worked for wages, had more in common with poor male workers than educated white women dabbling in poverty tourism, and were heavily involved in organizing labor movements and striking. The author could benefit from decolonizing his mind. Finally, the conclusion of his intellectual journey, with an embrace of American patriotism despite being continuously rejected by the US is naive. One of the ways immigrant groups assimilate to the nation-state, including the United States, is through military service.

I find it irritating that the author gives no thoughts to the downsides of assimilation via military service, nor thinks of alternate trajectories for immigrants of color than to assimilate to the dominant white narrative of the US. It is clear the main character still believes in US exceptionalism at the end of the text. View 1 comment. Jan 13, Daeny Pineda rated it it was amazing Shelves: I- Me, already crying: America may be cruel, but she is also beautiful.

America Is in the Heart

His writing is gorgeous. This memoir gave me some On the Road vibes because of the whole constantly moving around thing, but honestly Super educational about the Filipino experience in America during the early s, loved it, hard for me to put it down. Jul 19, Luisa rated it liked it Shelves: Really, really interesting. It's definitely long and at times hard to sift through and a bit rambling, but important to keep in mind who Bulosan was and when it was written.

He's a really interesting guy, and although we know that parts of this book aren't necessarily taken from his own life he borrowed from the experiences of his friends and family it's still a really good insight into this time period and the experience of Filipinos in the United States, a group that doesn't always have its Really, really interesting. He's a really interesting guy, and although we know that parts of this book aren't necessarily taken from his own life he borrowed from the experiences of his friends and family it's still a really good insight into this time period and the experience of Filipinos in the United States, a group that doesn't always have its story told as many times as others.

The narration can be inconsistent, and sometimes things are really hard to keep track of, but knowing the overarching plot line and journey isn't really as important as the experiences and thoughts on being in America.

There are a few really wonderful passages. Bulosan's language can be really beautiful and poetic and those sections are the most powerful, especially the sequence which references the title. Jan 20, Kristina rated it it was ok. This was a hard read for a lot of reasons. I found it difficult to set aside time to read when I wasn't very interested in significant parts of the book.

It's an auto-biography about Carlos Bulosan, a Filipino immigrant living in California in the 's after he fled the Philippines to escape poverty and political corruption. Bulosan, like many, believed in the American Dream but became quickly disenfranchised when he saw "the real America.

It was also difficult to read because I felt that it "hit too close to home" in many parts. My husband is the son of two Filipino immigrants. The racial discrimination experienced by Bulosan made me cry, both in the Philippines as well as in the United States: In another passage, Bulosan was tied to a tree, severely beaten and left for dead.

I saw my husband's face in these stories and I was overcome with anger and sadness that this was happening to Filipino's as recently as the 's. The history of Filipinos in America is a story of racial discrimination that is not often told in American history but I think it's important that we all have a greater understanding of the discrimination that occurred.

In that sense, I think that this is an important story for everyone to read. Oct 13, Stephanie Fujii rated it it was ok. Very glad to be done with this one. The background of Filipinos to America is a narrative that isn't told nearly as often as some of the other minority narratives, and yet, it played just as significant a role in the development of our state, and nation.

As the book progressed, though, I Very glad to be done with this one. As the book progressed, though, I found it lost focus, jumped all over and was really difficult to follow. I think that many of the anecdotes could have been eliminated to make for a more coherent and clearly focused story.

It is a non fiction book, but one can still have a solid narrative or flow within that genre, and it was really lacking here. There are moments of amazing insight, but they were too few and far between. For historical interest, I give it a 3. So overall, a 2. Jan 14, Cyndi rated it really liked it Shelves: Read for a class I am taking but thoroughly enjoyed.

In four parts, the author places himself in events that were the push factor of many Filipinos to leave the Philippines and come to America. When they arrived the pull factors of democracy and freedom taught in their occupied land were not readily available to them. Prejudice, discrimination and xenophobia greeted the immigrants. Occasionally a bit of the American dream would introduce itself and illuminated the disparity of the land and it's Read for a class I am taking but thoroughly enjoyed.

Occasionally a bit of the American dream would introduce itself and illuminated the disparity of the land and it's people. Told in a story format some of the incidents leave you wanting to know a bit more and the internet is an option. The main character got tiresome at the end after committing an act he knew was not right but justifying his actions caused me to reflect how others can justify their actions that he condemned.

He lost his moral superiority at that point and had no excuse of innocence. Particularly interesting were the parts that Seattle played in the story as they really happened and I have been to many of the areas they talked about. Taught history but in an interesting way that I wanted to keep reading and find out what happened. Aug 08, Francesco Roncacci rated it liked it. As a document, 'America is in the Heart' is a bitter narrative of a foreigner's attempts to find his place in the sun in the "greatest democracy of the world".

Bulosan tells us of exploitations, injustice, violence, racism and all the suffering that he and his people were forced to bear in order to barely stay alive. From a stricly literary point of view, the book seems to lack a general scheme and the impression you get after the first pages is that it has no frame and that the story is going to As a document, 'America is in the Heart' is a bitter narrative of a foreigner's attempts to find his place in the sun in the "greatest democracy of the world".

From a stricly literary point of view, the book seems to lack a general scheme and the impression you get after the first pages is that it has no frame and that the story is going to fall to pieces. Bulosan's literary merits do not emerges from the reading of this memoir and perhaps there was no intention for them to do so whatsoever though some passages strikes your attention for their poetic elan.

Feb 19, Bree rated it liked it Shelves: I read this novel for a Postcolonial literature class at CU Boulder. I give it three stars only because it is so raw and honest.

The perspective Bulosan offers is an important part of our collective history and he has captured the darkest corners of it.

As for the writing, while beautiful at times, the novel was very hard to follow. I eventually realized that, to continue reading, I would just have to stop caring about one big story and start enjoying the little stories as they came at me.

I never did get all the characters straight. Absolutely loved part one but after that, the writing is a mess that becomes harder to follow the deeper you get into the book. Won't read it again. But won't forget it. Aug 09, Stephen rated it really liked it Shelves: Another Asian American "canon" book.

This autobiographical novel centers on the life of a Filipino American transnational and his experiences as a migrant worker traversing the heterogeneous topography of California.

I also tend to like this book more every time I read. Carlos Bulosan keep Another Asian American "canon" book. Carlos Bulosan keeps it real!

Feb 05, Lance rated it it was amazing. Reminiscent of Fredrick Douglas' own journey into literacy and social consciousness, this book traces the life of a Filipino poet from a chaotic world on the fringe of American society to a world of poetry and social action.

The book records an aspect of American culture that is a blind spot for most of us and will certainly deepen the complexity of anyone's view of America. Mar 09, Joshua C. This is the very first book about the Filipino American experience that I ever read. Despite certain complexities regarding how "true" its account is as an actual autobiography the book changed my life. Quintessential for students of Asian American Studies, Filipino American Studies, Ethnic Studies as well as for anyone interested in the "immigrant experience".

Mar 16, Erwin Magbanua rated it it was amazing. A breathtaking account of the immigrant "manongs" who endured relentless discrimination and hardship to create the foundations upon which Filipino Americans thrive today. Heartbreaking at almost every turn, but you can't look away. Jul 28, Gina Isada rated it really liked it. May 06, Ruby rated it it was amazing. This is the greatest responsibility of literature: Literature is a living and growing thing. We must destroy that which is dying, because it does not die by itself.

To be sure, the underview is incomplete. Bottom dogs see, know, and learn a lot but their perspective is limited. But they see more, I have come to believe, than those who occupy the middle This is the greatest responsibility of literature: But they see more, I have come to believe, than those who occupy the middle and upper reaches; their view is less inhibited, less circumscribed.

The view from down under exposes the deceits, self-deceptions, distortions, apostasies; it is likely to be bitterly realistic. It offers a good, if limited, guide to what the society is really like, not what it professes to be. We are all Americans that have toiled and suffered and known oppression and defeat, from the first Indian that offered peace in Manhattan to the last Filipino peapickers.

America is not bound by geographical latitudes. America is not merely a land or an institution. America is in the hearts of men: America is a warning to those who would try to falsify the ideals of free men. America is also the nameless foreigner, the homeless refugee, the hungry boy begging for a job and the black body dangling from a tree.

America is the illiterate immigrant who us ashamed that the world of books and intellectual opportunities is closed to him. We are all that nameless foreigner, that homeless refugee, that hungry boy, that illiterate immigrant and that lynched black body. All of us, from the first Adams to the last Filipino, native born or alien, educated or illiterate-We are America!

I came to know that the public streets were not free to my people: We were suspect each time we were seen with a white woman. And perhaps it was this narrowing of our life into an island, into a filthy segment of American society, that had driven Filipinos like Doro inward, hating everyone and despising all positive urgencies toward freedom.

I was swept by its tragic whirpool, violently and inevitably; and it was only when I had become immune to violence and pain that I was able to project myself out of it. It was only then that I was able to integrate my experiences so that I could really find out what had happened to me in those tragic years.

I had tried to keep my faith in America, but now I could no longer. It was broken, trampled upon, driving me out into the dark nights with a gun in my hand. Why did some men live thoughtlessly? Why did they think life was something they could borrow from other men?

Mar 11, T rated it really liked it. America Is In The Heart tells the important and often overlooked story of the Manong generation — the first wave of Filipino immigrants who mainly worked as migrant workers in America — and their role in the labor movement. Bulosan details the abhorrent working conditions and horrifying racial violence that Filipinos endured in America, and the difficulty they faced in organizing and gaining rights and being seen as fully human.

This is crucial re 3. The pacing throughout the book is uneven and it can be difficult to track the passage of time. Sometimes he spends a single paragraph talking about two months he spent in a particular city, other times two months can span a few chapters.

Finally, be warned that this book is bleak.

There is little to no hope for any of the characters for most of the book, and I thought the ending was an odd place and an odd point in history to be hopeful. Still, it's an easily accessible and important read for a slice of history that's too often ignored. An Important Read An important read for Filipino-Americans especially recent immigrants , for anyone who wants to truly understand the state of the nation during the Great Depression, and for anyone interested in the history of civil rights.

As a Filipino-American recently naturalized , even though I have lived in the US for about 17 years, I was completely unaware of this aspect of our history as Filipinos and Filipino-Americans. I was spurred into reading this by my curiosity about a grand-unc An Important Read An important read for Filipino-Americans especially recent immigrants , for anyone who wants to truly understand the state of the nation during the Great Depression, and for anyone interested in the history of civil rights.

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