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Table of Contents 1. Common to All Papers in Engineering Qualifying Disciplines The GATE score of a candidate reflects a relative performance level in a particular subject in the exam across several years. The score is used for admissions to post-graduate programs e. Tech, direct Ph.
The score may also be used by Public and Private Sector Undertakings for employment screening purposes. The information in this brochure is mainly categorized into Pre-Examination Eligibility, Application submission, Examination Centers, etc. The Organizing Institute OI is responsible for the end-to-end process and coordination amongst the administering Institutes. To avail of the financial assistance scholarship , the candidate must first secure 4 www.
Qualification in GATE is also a minimum requirement to apply for various fellowships awarded by many Government organizations. Similarly, reservation of seats under different categories is as per the policies and norms prevailing at the admitting institution and Government of India rules. A select few such organizations are: GATE administration is not responsible for employment opportunities. The qualified candidates must check newspapers and other reliable sources for any such information.
The GATE committee, which comprises of representatives from these administering institutes, is the sole authority for regulating the examination and declaring the results. GATE is conducted through the collaboration of eight zones. The zones and the corresponding administrative institutes are: Indian Institute of Science Bangalore Zone Indian Institute of Technology Bombay Zone Indian Institute of Technology Delhi Zone Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati Zone Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur Zone Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur Zone Indian Institute of Technology Madras Zone Institute for GATE The online examination paper will contain some questions for which numerical answers must be keyed in by the candidate using the virtual keypad.
Biometric information Photograph and Fingerprints for randomly selected candidates may be captured before the start of the examination. GATE examinations will be held during forenoon and afternoon sessions on alternate weekends Saturday and Sunday between 31st January and 14th February Examination for some of the papers in GATE will be held in multiple sessions. Exact details regarding complete examination schedule will be notified at a later date.
The admit cards for GATE would be available through the online process only. Candidates can download their admit card from GATE website. No hard copy of admit cards will be posted to the candidates. Application Process: The photograph and signature of the applicant must be uploaded during the online application. Please note that application forms are not available for sale anywhere else. Downloadable Admit Card: It may be noted that one of the following photo identifications is ONLY permitted: The details of this ID proof have to be given while filling the online application.
Numerical Answer Type Questions: The question paper for GATE will consist of questions of both multiple-choice type and numerical answer type. For multiple choice type questions, candidates have to choose the answer from the given choices. For numerical answer type questions, choices will not be given. Candidates have to enter a number as the answer using a virtual keypad. So please study the following table carefully and make sure that your year of qualification is not later than what is specified.
Table 4. Tech Post-B. Integrated M. Candidates must familiarize with the paper code for the paper of their choice, as this knowledge will be required at the time of application form submission and appearing for the examination. There are two primary choices and one secondary choice. If you choose a particular city as your first choice, then the corresponding zone 9 www.
These choices will be your primary choices in a specific zone. However, a third choice has also been introduced in GATE , which is your secondary choice.
The list of 3rd choice cities will be as specified by each zone and this will be used only when your cities of primary choice are not available. However, because of operational constraints, the GATE committee reserves the right to add a new city or remove an existing one, and allot a city that may not be any of the choices of a candidate.
The Zonal Office dealing with your application will be your point of contact for any enquiries regarding your examination center and other matters. Details of the application fee are shown in Table 4. The application fee is non-refundable.
Additional charges will be applicable as per the rule of the bank from where the money is being transferred. With this interface you can 1. Apply for the examination online. Pay the application fee through net-banking. Check the Status of your application form: Download Admit Card. View your answers, marks and GATE score. Keep this information safe and do not disclose it to anyone. You must first register yourself, by providing a valid email address, mobile number and a GOAPS password.
Give your personal mobile number because most of the communications may also be sent via SMS. Choose a password that cannot be guessed easily it should not be your name, date of birth, or some string of numbers or letters like , abcd, etc.
Data Requirement for Application Filling: Application Filling: Fill in the necessary data in the online application form by carefully following instructions given there. You may edit the data at this stage if you require. Upload the required soft copy of photo, signature and Certificate from Principal duly signed and stamped by the Principal.
Check the correctness of the photo and your signature that are uploaded. If you are not satisfied, you may upload them again. You will have to select the payment option details given below while filling the online form. Before you 13 www.
All charges given below are in Indian Rupees. The fee amount and bank charges will be shown to you, and you have to confirm that the payment is for GATE If you have some difficulty due to internet connection or power failure , and you are not sure whether your payment has been processed or not, then please login back to GOAPS and check the status of the payment.
You can also check the status from your bank. Follow the instruction as shown and fill in the details and make the payment. It is essential that the candidate fills in the details as given in Section 4.
The current status of your application will be updated after the receipt and scrutiny of your application by the respective zonal GATE Office. Uploading photograph or signature that does not meet the specifications can result in the disqualification of the application without any refund of the application fee.
Poor quality of the photograph submitted will lead to rejection of your GATE application, without any refund of the application fee. The GATE score card will be printed with the photograph you submit. The photograph must be in color and must be taken in a professional studio. Photograph taken using a mobile phone and other self-composed portraits are NOT acceptable. The photograph must be taken in a white or a very light background.
The photograph must have been taken after 1st July The main features of the face must not be covered by hair of the head, any cloth or any shadow.
Forehead, eyes, nose and chin should be clearly visible. If you normally wear spectacles, glare on glasses is not acceptable in your photo. Glare can be avoided with a slight downward tilt of the glasses or by removing the glasses for the photo shoot. You must not wear spectacles with dark or tinted glasses, only clear glasses are permitted. Ask your photo studio to provide the image in a JPEG format and also on a standard 4.
Maximum pixel resolution for JPEG: Minimum pixel resolution for JPEG: For your own benefit it may be prudent not to intentionally change your facial features or hair style as in the photograph until the day of the exam. Please draw a rectangular box of size 2. Put your signature with black or dark blue ink pen within this box. Get the signature digitally image scanned by a professional using a scanner, and get the image cropped to the box by the professional.
Only JPEG image formats will be accepted. Photographs of the signatures taken using mobile phone are not acceptable, and can result in disqualification of the application without any refund of the fee.
Please note that you have to give details of this ID proof while filling the online application.
Candidates will NOT be permitted to take the test, if this original and valid photo identification is not presented. It may be noted that you would have specified one of the following IDs during the online application process: The syllabus for each of the papers is given separately. Making a choice of the appropriate paper during GATE application is the responsibility of the candidate.
Some guidelines in this respect are suggested below. For more details regarding the admission criteria in any particular institute, the candidate is advised to refer to the websites of that institute.
Table 5. More detailed explanation is given below. Section A — Engineering Mathematics 2. GA — General Aptitude 3. Any two of XE sections B to G 21 www.
The choice of two sections from B to G can be made during the examination after viewing the questions. Only two optional sections can be answered at a time. A candidate wishing to change midway of the examination to another optional section must first choose to deselect one of the previously chosen optional sections B to G. Section H — Chemistry 2.
A candidate wishing to change midway of the examination to another optional section must first choose to deselect one of the previously chosen optional sections I to M.
The question paper will consist of both multiple choice questions MCQ and numerical answer type questions. The pattern of question papers is discussed in Section 5. The candidates are required to either select the answer for MCQ type or enter the answer for numerical answer type question using a mouse on a virtual keyboard keyboard of the computer will be disabled. Candidates will be provided with scribble pad for rough work and these have to be returned back after the examination.
At the end of the 3-hour window, the computer will automatically close the screen from further actions. GATE would contain questions of two different types in various papers: These questions are objective in nature, and each will have a choice of four answers, out of which the candidate has to mark the correct answer s. For these questions the answer is a real number, to be entered by the candidate using the virtual keypad.
No choices will be shown for this type of questions.
Design of Questions The questions in a paper may be designed to test the following abilities: These are based on facts, principles, formulae or laws of the discipline of the paper. Example Q. During machining, maximum heat is produced A in flank face B in rake face C in shear zone D due to friction between chip and tool ii Comprehension: A DC motor requires a starter in order to A develop a starting torque B compensate for auxiliary field ampere turns C limit armature current at starting D provide regenerative braking iii Application: The sequent depth ratio of a hydraulic jump in a rectangular channel is The Froude number at the beginning of the jump is: In these questions, the candidate is presented with data, diagrams, images etc.
A Synthesis question might require the candidate to compare two or more pieces of information.
Questions in this category could, for example, involve candidates in recognizing unstated assumptions, or separating useful information from irrelevant information. There is NO negative marking for numerical answer type questions. The GA section includes 5 questions carrying 1-mark each sub-total 5 marks and 5 questions carrying 2- marks each sub-total 10 marks.
The question paper will consist of questions of multiple choice and numerical answer type. For numerical answer questions, choices will not be given. Candidates have to enter the answer which will be a real number, signed or unsigned, e. An appropriate range will be considered while evaluating the numerical answer type questions so that the candidate is not penalized due to the usual round-off errors.
Part A and Part B. Part A is common for all candidates. Part B contains two sections: Section 1 Geology and Section 2 Geo-physics. Mechanics of soil erosion, soil erosion types; wind and water erosion; factors affecting erosion; soil loss estimation; biological and engineering measures to control erosion; terraces and bunds; vegetative waterways; gully control structures, drop, drop inlet and 30 www.
Soil-water-plant relationship, water requirement of crops; consumptive use and evapo- transpiration; irrigation scheduling; irrigation efficiencies; design of irrigation channels; measurement of soil moisture, irrigation water and infiltration; surface, sprinkler and drip methods of irrigation; design and evaluation of irrigation methods.
Drainage coefficient; planning, design and layout of surface and sub-surface drainage systems; leaching requirement and salinity control; irrigation and drainage water quality. Groundwater occurrence confined and unconfined aquifers, evaluation of aquifer properties; well hydraulics; groundwater recharge. Classification of pumps; pump characteristics; pump selection and installation. Agricultural Processing And Food Engineering Steady state heat transfer in conduction, convection and radiation; transient heat transfer in simple geometry; condensation and boiling heat transfer; working principles of heat exchangers; diffusive and convective mass transfer; simultaneous heat and mass transfer in agricultural processing operations.
Material and energy balances in food processing systems; water activity, sorption and desorption isotherms; centrifugal separation of solids, liquids and gases; kinetics of microbial death — pasteurization and sterilization of liquid foods; preservation of food by cooling and freezing; refrigeration and cold storage basics and applications; psychrometry — properties of air-vapors mixture; concentration and drying of liquid foods — evaporators, tray, drum and spray dryers. Mechanics and energy requirement in size reduction of granular solids; particle size analysis for comminuted solids; size separation by screening; fluidization of granular solids- pneumatic, bucket, screw and belt conveying; cleaning and grading; Effectiveness of grain cleaners.
Hydrothermal treatment, drying and milling of cereals, pulses and oilseeds; Processing of seeds, spices, fruits and vegetables; By-product utilization from processing industries. Controlled and modified atmosphere storage; Perishable food storage, godowns, bins and grain silos.
Concept of housing; neighborhood concept; site planning principles; housing typology; housing standards; housing infrastructure; housing policies, finance and management; housing programs in India; self-help housing.
Landscape Design: Computer Aided Design: Application of computers in architecture and planning; understanding elements of hardware and software; computer graphics; programming languages — C and Visual Basic and usage of packages such as AutoCAD, 3D-Studio, 3D Max. Environmental Studies in Building Science: Visual and Urban Design: Principles of visual composition; proportion, scale, rhythm, symmetry, harmony, datum, balance, form, colour, texture; sense of place and space, division of space; barrier free design; focal point, vista, image ability, visual survey, figure- background relationship.
History of Architecture: Indian — Indus valley, Vedic, Buddhist, Indo-Aryan, Dravidian and Mughal periods; European — Egyptian, Greek, Roman, medieval and renaissance periods- construction and architectural styles; vernacular and traditional architecture.
Development of Contemporary Architecture: Architectural developments and impacts on society since industrial revolution; influence of modern art on architecture; works of national and international architects; art novuea, eclecticism, international styles, post modernism, deconstruction in architecture.
Building Services: Building Construction and Management: Building construction techniques, methods and details; building systems and prefabrication of building elements; principles of modular coordination; estimation, specification, valuation, professional practice; project management techniques e. Behavioral characteristics of all types of building materials e. Planning Theory: Techniques of Planning: Planning survey techniques; preparation of urban and regional structure plans, development plans, action plans; site planning principles and design; statistical methods of data analysis; application of G.
S and remote sensing techniques in urban and regional planning; decision making models. Traffic and Transportation Planning: Principles of traffic engineering and transportation planning; traffic survey methods; design of roads, intersections, grade separators and parking areas; hierarchy of roads and levels of services; traffic and transport management 32 www.
Infrastructure, Services and Amenities: Development Administration and Management: Matrices and determinants, Systems of linear equations, Eigen values and Eigen vectors.
Limit, continuity and differentiability, Partial derivatives, Maxima and minima, Sequences and series, Test for convergence, Fourier Series. Mean, median, mode and standard deviation, Random variables, Poisson, normal and binomial distributions, Correlation and regression analysis.
Biotechnology Microbiology: Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell structure; Microbial nutrition, growth and control; Microbial metabolism aerobic and anaerobic respiration, photosynthesis ; Nitrogen fixation; Chemical basis of mutations and mutagens; Microbial genetics plasmids, transformation, transduction, conjugation ; Microbial diversity and characteristic features; Viruses.
Biomolecules and their conformation; Weak inter-molecular interactions in bio macromolecules; Chemical and functional nature of enzymes; Kinetics of single substrate and bi-substrate enzyme catalyzed reactions; Bioenergetics; Metabolism Glycolysis, TCA and Oxidative phosphorylation ; Membrane transport and pumps; Cell cycle and cell growth control; Cell signaling and signal transduction.
Molecular Biology and Genetics: Molecular structure of genes and chromosomes; DNA replication and control; Transcription and its control; Translational processes; Regulatory controls in prokaryotes and eukaryotes; Mendelian inheritance; Gene interaction; 33 www. Complementation; Linkage, recombination and chromosome mapping; Extrachromosomal inheritance; Chromosomal variation; Population genetics; Transposable elements, Molecular basis of genetic diseases and applications.
Process Biotechnology: Bioprocess Engineering: Kinetics of microbial growth, substrate utilization and product formation; Simple structured models; Sterilization of air and media; Batch, fed-batch and continuous processes; Aeration and agitation; Mass transfer in bioreactors; Rheology of fermentation fluids; Scale-up concepts; Design of fermentation media; Various types of microbial and enzyme reactors; Instrumentation in bioreactors.
Plant and Animal Biotechnology: Special features and organization of plant cells; Tot potency; Regeneration of plants; Plant products of industrial importance; Biochemistry of major metabolic pathways and products; Autotrophic and heterotrophic growth; Plant growth regulators and elicitors; Cell suspension culture development: Techniques in raising transgencies.
Characteristics of animal cells: The origin of immunology; Inherent immunity; Humoral and cell mediated immunity; Primary and secondary lymphoid organ; Antigen; B and T cells and Macrophages; Major histocompatibility complex MHC ; Antigen processing and presentation; Synthesis of antibody and secretion; Molecular basis of antibody diversity; Polyclonal and monoclonal antibody; Complement; Antigen-antibody reaction; Regulation of immune response; Immune tolerance; Hyper sensitivity; Autoimmunity; Graft versus host reaction.
Recombinant DNA Technology: Restriction and modification enzymes; Vectors: Matrix algebra, Systems of linear equations, Eigen values and eigenvectors. Differential equations: Complex variables: Definitions of probability and sampling theorems, Conditional probability, Mean, median, mode and standard deviation, Random variables, Poisson, Normal and Binomial distributions.
Structural Engineering Mechanics: Bending moment and shear force in statically determinate beams. Simple stress and strain relationship: Simple bending theory, flexural and shear stresses, unsymmetrical bending, shear centre. Thin walled pressure vessels, uniform torsion, buckling of column, combined and direct bending stresses. Structural Analysis: Basic concepts of matrix methods of structural analysis.
Concrete Structures: Concrete Technology- properties of concrete, basics of mix design. Concrete design- basic working stress and limit state design concepts, analysis of ultimate load capacity and design of members subjected to flexure, shear, compression and torsion by limit state methods.
Basic elements of prestressed concrete, analysis of beam sections at transfer and service loads. Steel Structures: Analysis and design of tension and compression members, beams and beam- columns, column bases. Connections- simple and eccentric, beam—column connections, plate girders and trusses. Plastic analysis of beams and frames. Geotechnical Engineering Soil Mechanics: Foundation Engineering: Sub-surface investigations- scope, drilling bore holes, sampling, penetration tests, plate load test.
Earth pressure theories, effect of water table, layered soils. Stability of slopes-infinite slopes, finite slopes.
Foundation types-foundation design requirements. Concept of boundary layer and its growth. Uniform flow, critical flow and gradually varied flow in channels, specific energy concept, hydraulic jump. Forces on immersed bodies, flow measurements in channels, tanks and pipes. Dimensional analysis and hydraulic modeling. Kinematics of flow, velocity triangles and specific speed of pumps and turbines.
Hydrologic cycle, rainfall, evaporation, infiltration, stage discharge relationships, unit hydrographs, flood estimation, reservoir capacity, reservoir and channel routing. Well hydraulics. Duty, delta, estimation of evapo-transpiration. Crop water requirements.
Design of: Design of weirs on permeable foundation. Types of irrigation system, irrigation methods. Water logging and drainage, sodic soils. Environmental Engineering Water requirements: Quality standards, basic unit processes and operations for water treatment. Drinking water standards, water requirements, basic unit operations and unit processes for surface water treatment, distribution of water. Sewage and sewerage treatment, quantity and characteristics of wastewater.
Primary, secondary and tertiary treatment of wastewater, sludge disposal, effluent discharge standards. Domestic wastewater treatment, quantity of characteristics of domestic wastewater, primary and secondary treatment Unit operations and unit processes of domestic wastewater, sludge disposal. Air Pollution: Types of pollutants, their sources and impacts, air pollution meteorology, air pollution control, air quality standards and limits.
Municipal Solid Wastes: Noise Pollution: Impacts of noise, permissible limits of noise pollution, measurement of noise and control of noise pollution. Transportation Engineering Highway Planning: Geometric design of highways, testing and specifications of paving materials, design of flexible and rigid pavements. Traffic Engineering: Traffic characteristics, theory of traffic flow, intersection design, traffic signs and signal design, highway capacity.
Surveying Importance of surveying, principles and classifications, mapping concepts, coordinate system, map projections, measurements of distance and directions, leveling, theodolite traversing, plane table surveying, errors and adjustments, curves.
Definitions of probability and sampling theorems, Conditional probability, Mean, median, mode and standard deviation, Random variables, Poisson,Normal and Binomial distributions. Chemical Engineering Process Calculations and Thermodynamics: Laws of conservation of mass and energy; use of tie components; recycle, bypass and purge calculations; degree of freedom analysis.
First and Second laws of thermodynamics. First law application to close and open systems. Second law and Entropy. Thermodynamic properties of pure substances: Fluid Mechanics and Mechanical Operations: Fluid statics, Newtonian and non- Newtonian fluids, Bernoulli equation, Macroscopic friction factors, energy balance, dimensional analysis, shell balances, flow through pipeline systems, flow meters, pumps and compressors, packed and fluidized beds, elementary boundary layer theory, size reduction and size separation; free and hindered settling; centrifuge and cyclones; thickening and classification, filtration, mixing and agitation; conveying of solids.
Heat Transfer: Conduction, convection and radiation, heat transfer coefficients, steady and unsteady heat conduction, boiling, condensation and evaporation; types of heat exchangers and evaporators and their design. Mass Transfer: Chemical Reaction Engineering: Theories of reaction rates; kinetics of homogeneous reactions, interpretation of kinetic data, single and multiple reactions in ideal reactors, non- ideal reactors; residence time distribution, single parameter model; non-isothermal reactors; kinetics of heterogeneous catalytic reactions; diffusion effects in catalysis.
Instrumentation and Process Control: Measurement of process variables; sensors, transducers and their dynamics, transfer functions and dynamic responses of simple systems, process reaction curve, controller modes P, PI, and PID ; control valves; analysis of closed loop systems including stability, frequency response and controller tuning, cascade, feed forward control. Plant Design and Economics: Process design and sizing of chemical engineering equipment such as compressors, heat exchangers, multistage contactors; principles of process economics and cost estimation including total annualized cost, cost indexes, rate of return, payback period, discounted cash flow, optimization in design.
Chemical Technology: Propositional Logic; First Order Logic. Permutations; Combinations; Counting; Summation; generating functions; recurrence relations; asymptotics. Graph Theory: Linear Algebra: Algebra of matrices, determinants, systems of linear equations, Eigen values and Eigen vectors. Logic functions, Minimization, Design and synthesis of combinational and sequential circuits; Number representation and computer arithmetic fixed and floating point. Computer Organization and Architecture: Programming and Data Structures: Analysis, Asymptotic notation, Notions of space and time complexity, Worst and average case analysis; Design: Greedy approach, Dynamic programming, Divide-and- conquer; Tree and graph traversals, Connected components, Spanning trees, Shortest paths; Hashing, Sorting, Searching.
Asymptotic analysis best, worst, average cases of time and space, upper and lower bounds, Basic concepts of complexity classes — P, NP, NP-hard, NP- complete. Theory of Computation: Regular languages and finite automata, Context free languages and Push-down automata, Recursively enumerable sets and Turing machines, Undecidability.
Compiler Design: Lexical analysis, Parsing, Syntax directed translation, Runtime environments, Intermediate and target code generation, Basics of code optimization. Operating System: Information Systems and Software Engineering: Computer Networks: Network security — basic concepts of public key and private key cryptography, digital signature, firewalls.
Web technologies: Quantum theory: Kinetic theory of gases; First law of thermodynamics, heat, energy, and work; second law of thermodynamics and entropy; third law and absolute entropy; free energy; partial molar quantities; ideal and non-ideal solutions; phase transformation: Rates of chemical reactions, temperature dependence of chemical reactions; elementary, consecutive, and parallel reactions; steady state approximation; theories of reaction rates — collision and transition state theory, relaxation kinetics, kinetics of photochemical reactions and free radical polymerization, homogeneous catalysis, adsorption isotherms and heterogeneous catalysis.
Inorganic Chemistry Main group elements: General characteristics, allotropes, structure and reactions of simple and industrially important compounds: Shapes of molecules and hard- soft acid base concept. Allotropes of carbon: Synthesis and reactivity of inorganic polymers of Si and P. All this information is well covered in this book. This highlights the difficulty levels of the name. Therefore, preparation must be serious and intense.
Most of the experts and toppers are of the opinion that the entire GATE syllabus must be covered. However, it is generally seen that the GATE papers delve more into the subjects covered during the second and third year of graduation. So it is imperative that the syllabus pertaining to this period is brushed up more and taken care of. If you are a final year student, you couldnt ask for a more hectic schedule but turn it to your advantage.
The study environment is there. All you need to do is to incorporate the schedule for GATE preparation into it. Yes, it is very intense but the result is worth the effort. First, sit and analyse your strengths and weaknesses topic wise for the whole syllabus. This will help pinpoint the weak areas where you need more hard work than the others. It will also point out the strong points that you need to hold on to. Yes, the whole Syllabus is important but some topics need more effort more than the others.
With constant analysis, candidates can gauge what is important and better their preparation. Make your preparation better by dealing with the topics in hand in a more phased manner and strengthening your knowledge.
Schedule reading the topics in a way that you deal with a weak area and revise a strong one after the other so that you finish tackling and confronting problem areas. It is advisable to test oneself for individual topics at the start while studying the syllabus. You can analyse your preparation efforts and strategy and change if needed. Once a substantial amount of the syllabus is done, it is right to start with the full tests.
It is mandatory to solve test papers and more important to solve as many previous GATE papers as you can. This will hone your exam strategy and improve your time management skills. Make a timetable after careful consideration and stick to it strictly. This time table should be realistic such that you will be able to adhere and achieve it.