From a general summary to chapter summaries to explanations of famous quotes , the SparkNotes Romeo and Juliet Study Guide has everything you need to. No Fear Shakespeare by SparkNotes features the complete edition of Romeo and Juliet side-by-side with an accessible, plain English translation. Romeo and Juliet is the most famous love story in the English literary tradition. Love is naturally the play's dominant and most important theme. The play focuses .
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SPARKNOTES is a registered trademark of SparkNotes LLC. Romeo and Juliet I edited by John Crowther. p. cm.-(No fear SparkNotes' No Fear Shakes-. Note: This SparkNote uses The Norton Shakespeare edition of Romeo and Juliet. Some line . Shakespeare did not invent the story of Romeo and Juliet. He did. Online PDF Romeo and Juliet (Sparknotes No Fear Shakespeare), Read PDF Romeo and Juliet (Sparknotes No Fear Shakespeare), Full PDF Romeo and Juliet.
Shakespeare retired as a rich and prominent man to Stratford-upon-Avon in , and died three years later. Download it! Shakespeare's most direct source was an English narrative poem published in by Arthur Brooke, which was itself a based on a French version of an Italian story.
Shakespeare's play and Brooke's poem share many similarities of plot, including how Romeo and Juliet met and died. However, while the plots are similar, Brooke's version is generally considered to be plodding, while Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet is one of the most exciting plays ever written.
Shakespeare transformed the story in a variety of ways. Three of the most important include cramming a plot that in Brooke's poem took nine months to unfold into just four frenetic days, having Tybalt kill Mercutio, and having Romeo and Juliet's wedding day occur on the same day that Romeo is banished.
But just as important in creating the ecstatic intensity of Romeo and Juliet is the unparalleled power of Shakespeare's language.
In addition to its similarity to earlier versions of the Romeo and Juliet story, Shakespeare's play is also similar to the story of Pyramus and Thisbe , which was best told by the Roman poet Ovid in his Metamorphoses. Shakespeare was not only aware of the similarity between the stories of Romeo and Juliet and Pyramus and Thisbe, he explicitly references Pyramus and Thisbe within Romeo and Juliet.
Cite This Page. MLA Chicago. Florman, Ben. Retrieved December 12, Copy to Clipboard. Download this Chart PDF. They're like having in-class notes for every discussion! Get the Teacher Edition. My students love how organized the handouts are and enjoy tracking the themes as a class.
Shakespeare Translations. Read our modern English translation. Next Summary.
Benvolio advises him to forget Rosaline by looking for another, but Romeo insists that this would be impossible. Analysis A spirited exchange of vulgar jokes between servants opens the play and immediately links sex with conflict.
In their bawdy quarrel, the servants' references to "tool" and "naked weapon," together with repeated images of striking and thrusting, illustrate how images of love and sex are intertwined with violence and death — and will continue to be throughout the play.
The sudden switch from the comedic interplay between the servants to a potentially life-threatening situation demonstrates the rapidly changing pace that drives the action of the rest of the play. For instance, Benvolio, whose name means "goodwill," tries to act as a peacemaker by dividing the servants, but the quick-tempered "fiery Tybalt" forces him to draw his sword, and the atmosphere changes from harmony to hatred within a few lines.
This undercurrent of uncertain fortune wrenches the characters into and out of pleasure and pain as fate seemingly preempts each of their hopes with another tragic turn of events. When the elderly, hot-tempered Capulet calls for his long sword to jump into a duel with the young swordsmen wielding light, modern weapons, both the absurdity of the feud and the gulf between the old and the young are evident.
Both patriarchs are chastised by their wives for such impetuous behavior: "A crutch. Why call you for a sword? Though Romeo and Juliet try to separate themselves from such archaic grudges and foolish fighting, the couple can't escape the repercussions of the feud, which ultimately deals their love a fatal wound. The second half of the scene switches its focus from the theme of feuding and violence to the play's other key theme, love.
Romeo woefully bemoans his plight as an unrequited, Petrarchan lover.
The term Petrarchan comes from the poet, Petrarch, who wrote sonnets obsessively consumed with his unrequited love for Laura. Romeo's feelings of love have not been reciprocated by Rosaline, and this predicament causes him to dwell on his emotional torment.