Fundamental of english grammar pdf


Project Gutenberg's The Grammar of English Grammars, by Gould Brown This eBook is for the use The Fundamentals of English Grammar. Longman English Success (englishsucnrsxom) offers online courses covering Fundamentals of English grammar / Betty Schrampfer Azar. Fundamentals of English Grammar: Teachers Book Full Text (Azar English Grammar) Test Bank for Fundamentals of English Grammar, Second Edition.

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Fundamental Of English Grammar Pdf

Fundamentals of English Grammar Workbook, 2nd Ed - p. Sana El Hid. WORKBOOK Betty Schrampfer Azar Donald A. Azar selfstudy practices (with answers. Fundamentals of English Grammar, Second Edition - Betty Schrampfer Azar - Read book online Understanding and Using English Grammar Answer Key PDF. Betty Azar Fundamentals of English Grammar WB PDF - Ebook download as PDF File .pdf) or read book online. Great English Grammar Book.

I'll, you'll, she'll, he'll, it'll, we'll, Will is usually contracted with pronouns in both speech and they'll Will thng c rt gn vi cc i t trong c li ni v vn vit thn mt. Will thng c rt gn vi cc danh t trong li ni, nhng thng khng c rt gn trong vn vit. Use probably. Be going to and will are die same when they are used to make predictions about the fu ture. Be going to v will ging nhau khi chng c dng a ra cc d on v tung ai. Be going to but not wilt is used to express a preconceived plan. In c : The speaker is planning to build a bookcase. Be going to l nh ch khng phi will c dng din t mt k hoch c nh trc. Trong c : NgUi ni ang d nh ng mt t sch. I'll help you. Will but not be going to is used to volunteer or express willingness. In d : The speaker is happy to help. Will sn ltt ch khng phi be going to c dng tnh nguyn hoc din t s sn lng. Trong d : Ngi ni vui lng gip.

What are they doing? Let's play sometime. W here are the children? In the living room. She usually study A: That sounds like fun. I wonder what it is. Do you? S om e of th e sentences a re questions. Com plete th e sentences by u sin g the w ords in parentheses. Be sure to use your classmates' names. My book is on my desk. Perform actions to dem onstrate the m eaning of the expressions if necessary.

Do anything you each feel like doing stand up. Spyros is leaning against the wall. Talk about things and people in the classroom. My pen is on my book. Here's one: She sells seashells down by the sea shore.

My hand is on my head. Yoko is scratchingher chin. Can you say this: Sharon wears Sue's shoes to zoos to look at cheap sheep? That make. I and II. What What 3. What What do you usually do in the evening? What 4. Take out a piece of paper. What are some things you usually do every morning?

What are som e things you did yesterday OR: What did you do two days ago? Last week? Last month? Last year? Write as fast as you can. Write what you did your activities yesterday. You took a taxi to school today. Our teacher wrote Romeo and Juliet. Spiders have six legs. Some verbs are past and som e are present.

I know that. T he population of th e world is getting smaller. You drank two cups of tea this morning. Wood sinks. You got up at 4: I had coffee with my breakfast. You're sitting on a soft.

You stayed home all day yesterday. I didn't drink two cups of tea this morning. Some verbs are irregular. It is used in progressive tenses e. Use each verb only one tune. Mary walked to school today. His back is very painful today. The children had a good time at the park yesterday. She's very angry. I have a cold. My dog isn't very friendly. Luckily, my dog is very old and doesn't have sharp teeth, so she didn't hurt my neighbor.

It was okay, I guess, but I don't really like horror movies. P air u p w ith a classm ate. Your book is open. Give full answers. Your book is closed. Did you eat breakfast this morning? Yes, I did. I ate breakfast at 7: P ractice using irregular verbs by answ ering th e questions.

Where did you sit in class yesterday? I sat over there. Where did you grow up? What did you download last week? What did you eat for lunch yesterday? How much did it cost? When did you meet. What cities did you fly to on your way to the name o f this city? Drop the -e, add -ing. If the verb ends in two consonants, just add -mg or -ed. Change -ie to -y a n d ad d -ing.

W hen two actions are in progress at the same time. Bob sat down at the table and began to eat. In other words. C om plete th e sentences w ith th e w ords in parentheses.

Trong g: U se th e w ords in p arentheses. My husband came home a little after that. My mother called me around five. Com plete th e following. When I 6. He change the oil. The children play in the front yard. Parker be in the yard. Fred come at seven-thirty.

When khi. I went to the hospital to visit my friend. I was falling asleep last night. I did my homework. He got a job. I was studying. I heard a strange noise. Also think of two or three things you didn't do yesterday. Eric came. I went to bed. I bought some flowers. My alarm dock rang. Amanda called me on the phone. I woke up. Around ten. Last Friday was a holiday.

I turned on the light. Use time clauses. Bob graduated. I was eating lunch. Larry the first game. When we get 34 back to our picnic table. All in all. In the evening. T he firew orks be beautiful. While we play this new 40 game. After a few moments. In the past. These are her first pets.

Sara has two cats that she enjoys as pets. Each sentence should have a form of used to. I don't watch cartoons anymore.

Fundamentals Of English Grammar - Betty Azar

I wore a uniform to school. N ow I watch news programs. H ow about you? When I was a child. Complete the sentences. When you were a little kid. When you were a child. I watched cartoons on TV. Now you have a job every summer. When I was m high school. I never drank coffee. H ave you always worked during summers? I was bom in the twentieth century. Complete the sentences with m. Walker can't come to the phone right now. All of th e expressions contain tim e expressions.

Last year I was a junior in high school. I am a senior in high school. The weather is hot in the siunmer. I was bom in Be going to and will are used to express future time.

Fundamentals of English grammar

P ractice u sin g be going to. Answer the question. The differences are discussed in Chart Make a sentence with be going to about your future activities. The sun rose before six today. We didn't have pizza for breakfast this morning. I didn't study last night.

I brought my umbrella with me today. Our teacher is in class today. U se a ftiture tim e expression. I wasn't at home last night.

We didn't have a grammar quiz today. Will is usually contracted with pronouns in both speech and they'll informal writing.

I did my homework yesterday. I didn't get hit by a truck on my way to school today. I didn't go bowling today. Will but not be going to is used to volunteer or express willingness. It's hot today. Jack didn't hand his homework in today.

I went to the library last night. I'll help you. Use probably. Ann didn't come to class today. Complete th e sentences. Alice didn't ride her bike to school today. Trong c: The speaker is happy to help. My friends didn't come over last night. The speaker is planning to build a bookcase. Trong d: I watched TV last night.

Be going to but not wilt is used to express a preconceived plan. The students had a quiz today. Greg went to bed early last night. I'm going to eat breakfast. A fter I eat dinner. Trorig a: Excuse me. A s soon as the ram stops. The speaker is talking a b o u t tw o events: If you can wait just a few minutes. I'm going to study in my room. I'm going to walk downtown.

Before I g o to class tomorrow. T he sim ple p resen t is used in a future tim e clause. Both events are in th e future. I will get home tonight. Maybe I won't get a letter tomorrow. Maybe it will rain tomorrow. I'm going to call my friend after I. As soon as I get home tonight. Maybe it will snow tomorrow. Maybe Adam will have enough time. I'm going to visit my aunt and uncle when. The children are going to go outside and play.

Maybe it will be hot tomorrow. When I'm in Florida next month. The teacher will get here. The Robertsons will get some travelers' checks. I'm going to take a hot bath. Before I go to bed tonight. Class will begin.

The rain will stop. They will leave on vacation. I'll call you as soon as I. Com plete th e following sentences with your own words. I'm going to eat dinner before I. My life will be easy after I.

After I.

I usually in New York next week. I tell. My neighbor drop. When she e. I a cup of tea. Tom e. I usually a cup of tea. As soon as Tom get. Right now he do.

Mark is obsessed with video games. Helen will graduate next semester. I wonder if she is happy or sad. I'm beat! I can't wait to get home. Look at Erin! Complete th e sentences with the correct forms of the words parentheses. It's getting late. I'm tired of this cold w eather.

It costs too much. It's in terrible condition. My mind is made up..

You don't have enough money. I'm downloading that car. You'] have to get insurance. Nobody—not you. Verbs such as come.

You shouldn't download that used car. Sometimes the present progressive is used to express future time. I don't want to talk about it anymore. downloading that used car is a crazy idea. Oh well. And that's it! To San Francisco. I'm worried. You have a fever. How are you getting there? Are you planning to go somewhere over vacation? Do you need a ride to the airport? It's my sister's birthday. Only a few verbs are used in the simple present to express future time. Rick and Olga Walker.

I have to be at the airport by seven tomorrow morning. I'll be okay. I think I will finish my education. She is activity that will happen in the immediate future. Trong a: Eric is on the last question of the examination. Rita is holding a fly swatter and staring at a fly on the kitchen table. I think that I will be at the meeting on time tomorrow. Nancy has dirty hands from working in the garden.

He has his finger on the button. She is holding a bar of soap. M ake sentences th a t com m unicate th e sam e or a sim ilar m eaning. Jack is holding his camera to his eye. Sally has her hand on the door knob. She is standing at the bathroom sink.

W hat are th e following people probably ab o u t to do? I think that I will graduate next June. Ben is putting on his coat and heading for the door. He's about to take a picture. Ann is going to about to leave for the airport. U se th e verbs in parentheses. Algeria is m North Africa. My history book is under my desk. We have class in this room every day. I'm thirsty. I don't eat sour oranges.

I walked to class with Maria. Hawaii has eight principal islands. Eric is wearing a new shirt today. Japan Tokyo is the capital of Japan. The hungry man stuffed his mouth with rice.

I know my way to Joanna's house. Steve is in Asia. Identify each italicized word in th e sentences as a: He is traveling. Do you like classical music? Athens is a beautiful city. I don't like them. For example. Write th e plural forms of the nouns. The singular form of people can b e person.

Children throughout the world play with dolls. Astronauts walked on the moon in In a typical English sentence. Sara looked at the pictures. Astronauts walked in on the moon. Eric talked to his friend on th e phone for thirty minutes. The moon usually disappears from view during the day.. Emily waited for her friend at a restaurant. The sun rises in the east. Sue lost her ring in the sand at the beach.

A woman in a blue suit sat beside me until the end of the meeting. Dark places frighten small children. When a noun is used as an adjective. The students wrote long compositions. Steve Gleaned the shelves of the refrigerator with soapy water.

The audience laughed at the funny joke. Adjectives can also follow main verb be. Sensible people w ear comfortable shoes. Deserts are dry. Adjectives can come immediately before nouns. Before the development of agriculture. Crocodiles have big teeth. Knives are sharp.

He wore a shirt white. The local police searched the stolen car for illegal drugs. NOT plural. The 7 largest whale are called blue whale. Most whale are huge creature. Fish lay egg and do not feed their offspring.

Today many people are trying to 14 stop the hunting of whale. They can grow to foot 30 meter in 8 length and can weigh ton Even though they live in sea.

Aside 13 from people. Whale are intelligent 3 animal like dog and chimpanzee. You get it! I my favorite TV show. I don't want to miss anything. What kind of tea do you like? Well, I'm drinking black tea, but I green tea. I'm gaining weight around my waist. These pants are too tight. I a larger pair of pants. Dinner's ready. Please call the children. Where are they? They a game outside in the street.

It's night. There's no moon. Emily is outside. She at the sky. She more stars than she can count. Michael has a good voice.

Sometimes he with a musical group in town. It's a good way to earn a little extra money. What's the matter? Every time I eat too fast, I my tongue. Alicia always in her diary after dinner. Thank you for your help in algebra. Now I that lesson. This magazine isn't mine. It to Colette. I can see a rainbow because the sun and it at the same time. Chart Directions: Then complete both the affirmative and negative short answers. Are you leaving now?

Yes, I am. No, I'm not 2. Do your neighbors know that you are a police officer? No, thew don't. No, 4. Jarvis know the name of her new assistant yet? No, 5. Paul and Beth studying the problem? No, 6. Mike reading the paper and watching television at the same time? The word affect is a verb: The weather affectsmy mood. The word effecr is a noun: Warm, sunny weather has a good effect on my mood. Why shop, you here now? I w to find something special for my father's birthday.

Yes sir! Can I help you? I'll take those-the yellow ones. Here you are, mister. Are they for a special occasion? I download them for my wife. I download her flowers on the first day of every month. Ann is a painter. She go to the opening of every new art show in the city.

She like to see the latest work of other artists. Right now she prepare for her own show of her new paintings next month. What book read, you? It's about Spain. I think you would enjoy it. I see sailing ships on the cover.

It be about Spanish explorations in the 17th century. I leave now. No, thanks. I can't. I wait for my sister to call from the airport so that I can pick her up. But I hear, usually the daily recommendations from the president himself at the ten o'clock staff meetings. Every day, the vice-president rewrite Della's comments and take them to the president. At every ten o'clock meeting, the president simply read the same recommendations that Della stayed up working on the night before, and he act like he's been up for hours comtemplating those ideas.

Well, I'll be darned! That seem, not fair! It be, not. But that's the way it works. How often. At the present time,. Chapter I Directions: My eight-year-old son Mark is afraid Of thunder and lightning. My mother really likes my friend Ahmed because he is always so polite her.

Fifty miles is equal eighty kilometers. How do I get to your house? Are you familiar the big red barn on Coles Road? My house is just past that and on the left. Oh, sure. I know where it is. It's so hot! I'm thirsty a big glass of ice water. My boss was nice me after I made that mistake, but I could tell she wasn't pleased. Are you angry me? Harry, try some of this pasta.

It's delicious. My plate is already full food. Four council members were absent the meeting last night. Why are you so friendly with Mr. He's always so mean to everybody. He's always been very kind me, so I have no reason to treat him otherwise. My sister is so mad me. She won't even speak to me. Is everybody ready dinner? Let's eat before the food gets cold. The post office opens at eight o'clock every morning. Hall goes to the fruit market every Monday.

Hall to the fruit market yesterday, last Monday. The company executives meet at nine o'clock every Friday morning. I make my own lunch and take it to work with me every morning. Clark pays his rent on time every month.

Clark his rent on time yesterday, last month. The baby falls asleep at three o'clock every afternoon. The last bus to downtown leaves at ten o'clock every night. Use the given words to make questions and give answers. Dfd you answer the question? Yes, Idid. I answered the question. NO, Ididn't. I didn't answer the question. Yes, the fireworks.

Betty Azar Fundamentals of English Grammar WB PDF

No, the fireworks. Yes, the game.

No, the game. Yes, the lecture. Yes, at home last night. No, at home last night. My car wouldn't start this morning, so I my bicycle to work. I needed money to pay my tuition at the university, so I my motorcycle to my cousin. Simple past: Use each verb only one time. The phone ranq eight times before anybody answered it. Oh my gosh! Call the police! Someone my car! The architectural firm that I work for designed this building. My brother's construction company it.

It took them two years to complete it. I the bird in my hands and put it back outside. My father me how to make furniture. It got so cold last night that the water in the pond 6. When I heard abou't Sue's problem, I sorry for her. Alex a map for us to show us how to get to the museum. A few minutes ago, I on the radio about a bad plane accident. Joe had an accident. He off the roof and his leg.

Sam the race. He ran the fastest. Ted his car to Alaska last summer. The soldiers the battle through the night and into the morning. I used to have a camera, but I it because I needed the money. Jane didn't want anyone to find her diary, so she it in a shoe box in her closet. There was a cool breeze last night. I opened the window, but Colette got cold and it. Joy was barefoot. She stepped on a piece of broken glass and her foot. Danny and I are old friends.

We each other in My friend told me that he had a singing dog. When the dog my hands over my ears and My friend passed it to me in class. I didn't want anyone else to see the note, so I it into tiny pieces and it in the wastebasket. My mother I wrote to her while I was in England. She didn't throw any away.

Practice pronouncing frnal -EDby saying the words in the list aloud. Final -ed has three different pronunciations: Voiceless sounds are made by pushing air through your mouth; no sound comes from your throat.

Examples of voiceless sounds: Voiced sounds come from your throat. If you touch your neck when you make a voiced sound, you can feel your voice box vibrate. Your voice box produces voiced sounds. Examples of voiced sounds: After Ifrnished reading Rod's poem, I called him and we talked for an hour. Earlier today, I cleaned my apartment. I washed the windows, waxed the wood floor, and vacuumed the carpet.

I expected to hear from Dr. Li about a scholarship. I crossed my fingers and hoped for good news. I poured water into the glass and fded it to the top.

I offered it to Sara. Tim dropped the book. I picked it up and dusted it off with my hand. She handed us the tests at the beginning of class and collected them at the end. Iguessed at most of the answers. I realized I should have studied harder.

Spelling of -ing and -edforms. Complete the chart. Refer to Chart if necessary. Write one "t" or two "t's" in the blanks to spell the -ing verb correctly.

Then write the simple form of the verb in each sentence. I'm my dog's head. I'm b i i n g my fiails because I'm nervous. I'm s i n g in a comfortable chair. I'm f i g h n g the urge to have some chocolate ice cream. I'm w a i n g to see if I'm really hungry. I'm g e i n g up from my chair now. I'm s t a r i n g to walk to the refrigerator.

I'm p e r m i i n g myself to have some ice cream. I'm l i f i n g the spoon to my mouth. I'm e a i n g the ice cream now. It tastes good. I'm also c u i n g a piece of cake.

It can slip right out of your hand. How about frogs? Yes, A: What about snakes? I know, not. I've never touched a snake. I want to go to the mall this afternoon and look for a new bathing suit. I have an appointment with my English teacher. Besides, I download a new bathing suit last year. I need, not a new one this year. I offer to help my older neighbor carry her groceries into her house every time I see her return from the store.

She be always very grateful. Yesterday, she offer to pay me for helping her, but of course I accept, not the offer. Fortunately, I didn't get wet because I was standing under a large tree when it began to rain. I saw Ted at the student cafeteria at lunch time.

He a sandwich. Cook asked an interesting question. The professor Mr. Cook's question when Mr. Gray rudely interrupted. Robert didn't answer the phone when Sara called. He his favorite song in the shower and didn't hear the phone ring. I saw a whale! This morning. I on the beach when I heard a sudden "whoosh!

No, I walk 4. Hi, Greg. How are you this morning? Are you on your way to work? No, I walk 5. Why are you laughing? What's so funny? We watch 6. Why were you and your friends laughing so loudly a little while ago?

We watch 7. Where are Ann and Rob? I haven't seen them for a couple of weeks. Are they in town? No, they travel 8. Where were Ann and Rob when you got back from your trip? Were they in town? There are three n's in the word beginning. I hit my thumb while I use the hammer. While I walk under an apple tree, an apple fall and hit me on the head.

Last month, both my brother and my next-door neighbor were in Thailand, and neither one of them know that the other was there. While they a m n d my daughter's wedding reception last weekend, my neighbor mention her trip, and my brother was very surprised. While I look at the computer screen, I start to feel a little dizzy, so I take a break.

He IS. Riding a bike How come you don't know how to ride a bike? I never My family One time I But I'd love to learn now!

When can we start? Rebecca had a rat as a pet when she was ten. The rat died, and she hasn't had another rat as a pet since that time. Before Adam got married, he went bowling five times a week. A long time ago, we raised chickens in our yard. When we raised our own chickens, we had fresh eggs every morning. When Ben was a child, he often crawled under his bed and put his hands over his ears when he heard thunder.

Past Time 0. Compare past and present clothing. Compare your grandparents' lives when they were teenagers to the lives of teenagers today. Compare past and present beliefs. Chapters 1 a n d 2 Directions: Complete the sentences with the verbs in parentheses. He form formed a plan for finding husbands for them. When the people of the land hear the news about the frog and the princess, they laugh and laugh. She believe no he simple present is used here because the story is giving the king's exact words in a quotation.

Notice that quotation marks ". See Chart for more information about quotations. Her two sisters, she discovered, be very unhappy. The handsome husband ignore his wife and talk, not to her.

The wealthy husband make fun of his wife and give her orders all the time. But Tina and her frog prince live happily ever after. With your classmates, write a story that happens in the past. Each student should write one paragraph of three to five sentences at a time. One student begins the story. Then he or she passes the paper on to another student, who will then write a paragraph and pass the paper on-until everyone in the class has had a chance to write a paragraph.

Use the story suggestions in Practice 23 above or make up your own story beginning. Jack goes shopping On Saturdays. Elaine and I had a light lunch noon, and then we played tennis the afternoon. Hi, John. It's good to see you again. When I saw you December, you were working at the department store. Are you still working there? I quit January 1st.

I left my friends midnight. No more questions for this witness, Your Honor. Are you familiar the new musical play downtown? I'm told it's very good. We're going to see it the summer. What do you do Sunday afternoons? I go to the amusement park with my family almost every Sunday. Isn't the park full people Sundays? I hate crowds. It's not so bad the early afternoon. It gets worse later in the day. My son was afraid dogs the past, but now he's asking me to get him one. Present, past, and future.

Chapters 1,2, and 3 Directions: Complete the sentences with the given verbs. Joe arrives on time every day. Joe arrived on time yesterday. Joe k going to arrive on time tomorrow. Joe will arrive on time tomorrow. Joe on time every day? Did Joe arrive on time yesterday?

Joe on time tomorrow? Mike on time every day b.

Mike on time yesterday. Mike isn't going to fie on time tomorrow. Mike on time tomorrow. Ann breakfast every day. Ann breakfast yesterday. Ann breakfast tomorrow. YOU breakfast every day?


YOU breakfast yesterday? YOU breakfast tomorrow? I breakfast every,day. I breakfast yesterday. I breakfast tomorrow. Yes, I. What you, do are you goinq to do this afternoon? I finish am qoing to finish my report.

Where Ryan, be later tonight? He be at Kim's house. I eat, not lunch. I don't have enough time. I finish it in less than a minute.

Be going to. Use your own ideas. Notice the various time expressions that are used to indicate future time. Are you going to eat lunch at McDonald's today? The clouds are leaving, and the sun is coming out. Trong c : NgUi ni ang d nh ng mt t sch. I'll help you. Will but not be going to is used to volunteer or express willingness. In d : The speaker is happy to help.

Will sn ltt ch khng phi be going to c dng tnh nguyn hoc din t s sn lng. Trong d : Ngi ni vui lng gip. B: Okay. A: Okay. A: Excuse me, b u t.

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