Nesfield english grammar book pdf


 

Manual of English Grammar and Composition, Vol - Forgotten Books English Grammar Reference Book: Grammar and Error Correction Guide and Phrasal. has been added to this book. The first chapter deals w ith. “ Letters.,. A ccents., and Syllables.,. ” the next w ith. “ Vow el- Sounds and how they are spelt.,. ” the. The book is designed for the students of the senior courses of the Uni- versity faculties of . brief survey of linguistic schools in the theory of English grammar so that the Published in , Nesfield's grammar influenced prescriptive and .

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Nesfield English Grammar Book Pdf

Manual of English grammar and composition by John Collinson Nesfield, , Macmillan edition, There's no description for this book yet. Nesfield. J. C., Outline of English Grammar. The Macmillan Company of Canada. Revised, (A good author opposed to new terminology.) reference book. NESFIELD PDF. Why need to be this on-line e-book Outline Of English Grammar By John Collinson Nesfield You could not have to go somewhere to check out.

The setup, itself, is very easy. Despite a minor setup issue, this handy widget worked well. One possibility is that the changes it makes are simply too subtle for the limited color and tonal gamut of the iPad 2's display, and that it will take the high-resolution and increased gamut of this year's model to really show what the app can do. This application doesn't have a native installer, but nevertheless it downloaded and installed quickly. That aside, the interface is rudimentary, ad supported, and does not fully use the iPad's ample space. The menu contains five windows with distinct information. Only Gmail: For now, this app is only compatible with Gmail accounts, although the developers promise more types of accounts will be added soon. Your iPhone is immensely distracting. Navigating Web pages was easy, and each loaded quickly without any errors. J C Nesfield English Grammar is a puzzle game that challenges you to identify which objects go together and then enter in the word that unites them. After startup, the application attempts to sign in to Facebook. J C Nesfield English Grammar for Mac stands out from the crowd thanks to its ability to be adjusted on the fly as well as to the sheer number of visual possibilities it features. Change fonts and font size, bold or italicize text, underline words, and more all from the top of any document.

He did not have to go to school or to church, or call any being master, or obey anybody. He could go fishing or swimming when he chose, and could stay as long as he liked. Nobody forbade him to fight. He could sit up late, if he pleased. He was always the first boy that went barefoot in the spring. He was also the last to resume leather He never had to wash or put on clean clothes. Everything that goes to make life precious that boy had. So thought every harassed, hampered, respectable boy in St.

Arthur Wesley 1 entered the army in , as he received a commission in the 4ist regiment of foot. He held the rank of ensign for some months, and then became a lieutenant. The following anecdote proves that he was still a shy and awkward lad, and that the fair sex saw nothing to admire in him.

He was at a ball one night, and could not find a partner. As he inherited his father's taste for music, he consoled himself by sitting down near the band. When the party broke up, the other officers took home their lady friends; but young Wesley was, by common consent, left to travel with the fiddlers.

Old Lady Aldborough once reminded the Duke of the circumstance, after he had become a great man. He laughed heartily, " and she added, We should not leave you to go home with the fiddlers now.

Because she was extremely zealous for the education of my younger brother, her desire was that he might be sent with me to Lewes. Get work, get work Know 'tis better than what you work to get. Certain words resemble parts of speech, but are not fully enough like any one of them to be classified as parts of speech. They are called particles, and are classed as adverbial, prepositional, or conjunctive according to the part of speech they resemble most.

There are Even many my friends friends here. My friends even criticized me. My friends criticized me, even. Prepositional particle. As chairman of the meeting he was successful. Conjunctive particle. The word there adverbial force, and in sentence I has lost its original here used simply as an introductory word by means of which we are enabled to put the subject after the verb.

Even resembles an adverb more than any other part of speech, and yet it may be used to emphasise is any part of speech. Justify the name prepositional particle for the word on in sentence 5.

The word as in the last sentence does not join one clause to another, or even one to another, yet it is conjunctive in origin. This is best shown by substituting when, and adding a verb, as word follows: When You have already learned to analyse sentences into subject and predicate, objects, complements, and modifiers.

There is another kind of analysis, called clausal, which simply divides the sentence into clauses, and defines their relations. In clausal analysis, the principal clause should be stated and then the subordinate clauses in turn. The first, following form is suggested for written work see p. Peace 2. The war has been fought, and peace is being made.

Our soldiers went to Europe, because there was a war there and now they are coming home, because the war is will ; over. If the statesmen in Paris are wise, and just peace, shall we not be happy? Sentence i if they arrange a: Peace will be made i. Peace will be made, war is over. Complex declarative, Principal. Sentence 2: The war made. Compound declarative. The war has been fought, Principal. Sentence 3: Our soldiers over.

Compound-complex declarative. Our soldiers went to Europe, Principal. Sentence 4: Complex interrogative, shall we not be happy? The noun clause which is subject of a principal clause, should be stated both with the latter and separately, as in the following example: What they have accomplished is very important.

Principal declarative. What they have accomplished. Likewise, when a substantive clause is a complement, or the object of a verb or preposition, it should first a. This book is what we want. We know that they are sincere.

But, sir, I wish to tell you that the noblest prospect which a Scotchman ever sees, is the high road that leads him to England. Then he went on, till he came to the house of the interpreter, where he knocked over and over at last one came to the door and asked who was there.

Never love unless you can 3. Bear with all the faults of man ;! Men sometimes Though but be cause they will jealous little see, And hang the head in discontent, And speak what straight they will repent. Augustine had, by order of Pope Gregory, taken interpreters of the nation of the Franks, and, sending to King Ethelbert of Kent, announced that he was come from Rome, and brought a joyful message, which most undoubtedly assured to all that took advantage of it, everlasting joys in Heaven, and a kingdom that would never BEDE, end.

Ecclesiastical History. His antagonists, though inferior in strength, had both swiftness and daring, and above all they had settled how to attack him. When he reared his axe, they flew at him like cats, and both together. If he struck a full blow with his weapon, he would most he saw this, likely kill one, but the other would certainly kill him and understanding the danger, he thrust the handle fiercely in Denys's face, and, turning, jabbed with the steel at Gerard.

Denys went staggering back, covered with blood. Gerard had rushed in like lightning, and, just as the axe turned to descend on him, drove his sword so fiercely through the giant's body that the very hilt sounded on his ribs like the blow of a pugilist, and Denys, staggering back to help his friend, saw a steel point come out of the Abbot's ; back.

Although she had sunk twice, I was so overcome by my sensations that I was unable to attempt her rescue. She must have certainly perished, had not my companion, perceiving her danger, instantly plunged in to her relief, and with some difficulty brought her in safely to the opposite shore. By taking the current a little further up, the rest of the family got safely over, where we had an opportunity of joining our Her gratitude may be more readily acknowledgments to hers.

My wife also expressed the hope that she might have the pleasure of returnO. Fagin's character. Whenever the Dodger or Charley Bates came home at night, emptyhanded, he would expatiate with great vehemence on the misery of idle and lazy habits and that he might enforce upon them the necessity of an active life, he would send them supperless to bed. On one occasion, indeed, when they had returned with nothing, he was so righteously indignant, that he even knocked them both down a flight of stairs but this was carrying out his virtuous precepts to 7.

Oliver ; ; an unusual extent. If they attack the centre, which is covered by the principal battery, we can concentrate the left flank on this height and retire in good order to the reserve. O good old man how well in thee appears 9.

The constant service of the antique world, When service sweat for duty, not for meed Thou art not for the fashion of these times, 8. Where none will sweat but for promotion, And having that, do choke their service up Even with the having it is not so with thee,: But, poor old man, thou prun'st a rotten tree, much as a blossom yield thy pains and husbandry. But come thy ways we'll go along together, And ere we have thy youthful wages spent, We'll light upon some settled low content.

The Portuguese in the Brazils would have At last, our never-failing friend, William the Quaker, helped us out again. His proposal was this, that he should go as master of the ship, taking a few men whom we could best trust, and attempt to trade privately, upon the coast of Brazil, with the planters, not at the principal ports, since that would not be admitted.

The village all declared how much he knew. But past is all his fame. The very spot, Where many a time he triumph'd, is forgot. She wishes to know, by an early post, where he expects to go if he and with what feelings he could turn up quarrels with his victuals his nose at the broth, after his good master had asked a blessing on it.

This was not told to her by Mr. Squeers, since he is too kind and good to make trouble for anyone, and it has vexed her more than Mobbs can imagine. She is sorry to find he is discontented, and Mr.

Squeers will flog him into a happier state of mind. Cheerfulness and contentment must be kept up. Mobbs, " Alas, alas for Hamelin! The Mayor sent East, West, North, and South, To offer the Piper, by word of mouth, Wherever it was men's lot to find him, Silver and gold to his heart's content, he'd only return the way he went, bring the children behind him.

But when they saw 'twas a lost endeavour, And Piper and dancers were gone forever, They made a decree that lawyers never Should think their records dated duly If, after the day of the month and year, These words did not as well appear, " And so long after what happened here, On the twenty-second of July, Thirteen hundred and seventy-six. If And Now Nature, 'tis said, is a comical jade, And among the fantastical tricks she has play'd, Was the making our good Father Richard a brother, As like him in form as one pea's like another ; He was tall and upright, about six feet in height, His complexion was what you'd denominate light, And, though he had not shorn his ringlets of brown, He'd a little bald patch on the top of his crown.

But here, it's pretended, the parallel ended no doubt his life might have been mended, And people who spoke of the Prior with delight, Shook their heads if you mentioned his brother, the Knight.

And he thought it but just, since the owner had changed his profession, that the horse should also change his title and be dignified with another it must be a sonorous word such a one as should fill the mouth, and seem ; ; ENGLISH GRAMMAR 32 consonant with the quality and profession of his master.

And thus, after many names which he devised, rejected, changed, liked, disliked, and pitched upon again, he concluded to call him Rozinante, a word composed of two parts, Rozin meaning an ordinary horse, and ante meaning formerly a name, lofty sounding, and significant of what he had been before, and also of what he was now in a word, a horse before or above all the vulgar breed of horses in the world. You, merchant, have you anything to say?

But little I am arm'd and well prepar'd. Give me your hand, Bassanio fare you well Portia. Commend me to your honourable wife Tell her the process of Antonio's end Say how I lov'd you, speak me fair in death; And when the tale is told, bid her be judge Whether Bassanio had not once a love.

Repent not you that you shall lose your friend, And he repents not that he pays your debt For, if the Jew do cut but deep enough, I'll pay it instantly with all my heart. Her heart melted, I suppose, at the notion that she should do for, when she reanything unkind to any mortal, great or small turned, she had sent away the housekeeper upon an errand by the door at the farther end of the gallery and, coming back to the lad, with a look of infinite pity and tenderness in her eyes, she took his hand again, placing her other fair hand on his head, and saying some words to him, which were so kind, and said in a voice so sweet, that this boy, who had never looked upon such a beauty before, felt as if the touch of a superior being or angel smote him down to the ground, and kissed the fair protecting hand as he knelt on one knee.

Other extracts for analysis will be found in Appendix E. A NOUN For instance, the word city in the sentence, Montreal is a great city, a common noun, because it may be used to name any one of the class of things we call cities. A common noun is significant, i. A proper noun is not significant. The word city has a definite meaning, and is used to name only places of a certain size and character.

The word Montreal, on the other hand, has now no meaning, and is used to name a city, an island, and a river. The proper noun begins with a capital letter common noun usually begins with a small letter. A common noun becomes a proper noun when used Proper city.

The Tower of London has held 6. D A many notable prisoners. There are two Titians in this gallery. Several budding Miltons are in this class. When some lifeless thing, some lower animal, some quality, or some emotion is personified, a common noun becomes a proper noun, and is written with a capital.

A concrete noun is the name of something that has a material existence outside of our minds. And here is a story of a Brigade Headquarters that lived in a house surrounded by a moat over which there was only one road. On Thursday, the enemy's artillery found the house, and later on, as the rush came, their rifle fire found it also.

The staff went on with its work till the end of the week, when The shells set the place alight, and they were forced to move. Captain Scrimger, medical officer attached to the Royal Montreal Regiment, protected the wounded man with his own body against the shrapnel that was coming through the naked rafters, and carried him out of the 1 "It is recommended that the term collective be not used except when needed in explaining the occasional use of a plural verb with a singular noun.

Two of the staff, Brigadier-General Hughes then Brigade-Major of the 3rd Infantry Brigade and Lieutenant Thompson then Assistant Adjutant, Royal Montreal Regiment re-swam the moat, and, waiting for a lull in the shell fire, got the wounded man across the road on to a stretcher and into a dressing-station, after which they went on with their official duties.

Within the lists, in knightly pride, Prize of the 2. An High Home and haughty Dacre ride ; Their leading staffs of steel they wield, As marshals of the mortal field While to each knight their care assigned Like vantage of the sun and wind. Then heralds hoarse did loud proclaim, In king and queen and warden's name, That none, while lasts the strife, Should dare, by look, or sign, or word, Aid to a champion to afford.

A noun denoting a male being is of the masculine gender. A noun denoting a female being is of the feminine gender. All other nouns are of the neuter gender. They are two kinds, a the names of things without sex, b the names that are given indifferently to beings of both sexes.

Gender in Modern English is a distinction in words, corresponding to the distinction of sex in the objects Modern English is said, therefore, to they represent. Latin, French, and German, on the other hand, have grammatical gender, because the gender of nouns in these languages has been determined For largely by the forms and derivations of words.

The distinction of gender in nouns is of importance Modern English only in connection with the use of personal pronouns and possessive adjectives. Except in such connection, the gender of a noun may be ignored. Russian Dutch: Spanish 3. One feminine noun is belle. Gender is sometimes indicated by adding or prefixing a noun or a pronoun 4.

Some ; names are applied Christian proper only, others to women William, Thomas, only Henry: But cliff, cliffs muff, muffs ; ; b Most nouns ending in change y to i and add -es chief, chiefs. But nouns ending add -s monkey, monkeys in y preceded by a vowel simply: It will be noticed that many of the nouns in list b are used more frequently in familiar speech than are those in list c.

A few nouns change the vowel sound of the stem. This method of forming plurals is used with a large number of nouns in German, as Mann, Manner The mark: One noun adds 39 -en to the singular; ox, oxen. Three words have double plurals, a form already plural - e n being added to: A number of words taken from foreign languages form their plurals according to the rules of those languages. Many of these words have both foreign and English plurals, sometimes with different meanings for the phenomenon nebula two: Armstrong man-servant mother-in-law Dutchman footstool Some nouns have the same form for singular and plural, either generally, or in certain cases: In a large class of Old English neuter nouns, such as swine, deer, and sheep, one case-form was used for the nominative and accusative cases, singular and plural, and in Middle-English times many other nouns came to have the same peculiarity through analogy.

Although the words mentioned above generally have the same forms for singular and plural, they sometimes have plurals in - e s. There are several fishes kinds of fish in this lake. We have six dozen eggs. Dozens of eggs are for sale. The people of 2. Europe are are tired of war.

Manual of English Grammar and Composition, Vol - Forgotten Books

Some nouns, especially The peoples names of nationalities material, are seldom or never used in the plural, on account of their meaning tin,: But a ship's coppers, tins kinds of tin, or, tin dishes, or cans , the clays varieties of clay of Quebec, earths kinds of earth , the beauties of the St. Lawrence valley. Some nouns are used ordinarily in the plural only: A few nouns are plural in form but singular in meaning, unless specially used in the plural.

Several 5. Mathematics is are studied with delight by most girls. The ashes was were carried out by the janitor. News of the victory is are sent far and wide. How much did you pay for this these spectacles? The United States has have taken part in the war against Germany. Checkers is are a favourite game with Mrs. The seventh innings is are decisive.

Riches does do not bring happiness. The eaves of the house is are thirty feet above the ground. Alms is are given to the needy.

The people of Canada is are proud of the Canadian soldiers. The mob demands demand the release of the The committee is are now in session, and its their report is brought in, it they will go home.

All should be interested in it them. Statistics is are said to be dull. These men are heathen heathens. The archives of Canada is are preserved at Ottawa. By this these means he was able to accomplish his ends. The brothers brethren of this society are to attend church in a body. CASE You have already learned that English nouns have nominative, genitive, dative, and accusative, and two case-forms, the common and the genitive. The Singular nouns not ending in to form the genitive case-form.

Singular nouns ending in an s sound, add an apostrophe, or -'s, according to the sound of the word. Sometimes both forms are used. When in doubt add -'s, or avoid the use of the genitive case. Plural nouns ending in s add an apostrophe only: Plural nouns not ending in an s sound, add women's hats, the policemen's union.

Compound nouns and noun -'s: John Workman's house, her sister-in-law's carriage, the Prince of Wales' palace. The same method is followed when a noun is preceded by a title, or descriptive or limiting words: When a thing belongs to two or more joint owners, only the last proper name has the sign of the genitive case Noden, Hallit and Johnston's store.

This is William and Henry's chance a joint chance to have a holiday. But when the ownership is not joint, each proper name should have the genitive form Noden's, Hallit's, and Johnston's stores. Each has a: In most cases the genitive case-form may be replaced by a phrase with of: Hindenburg's defeat: When the ravages of the disease, the top of the is hill.

We sometimes avoid ambiguity by using a phrase: Sometimes euphony decides our choice.

Manual of English Grammar and Composition, Vol - Forgotten Books

The case-forms Common Genitive: Give list, This should be a written exercise. Funeral Oration of Pericles. The commonest use of the nominative case of a verb is as subject: The enemy having yielded, our soldiers came home. They the enemy having yielded, our soldiers came home. Because the enemy had yielded, our soldiers came home.

You will notice that the italicised phrases in the first and second sentences, and the subordinate clause in the third sentence, are all adverbial, since they tell why our soldiers came home.

In the clause, the noun enemy is in the nominative case, because it is the subject of the clause ; in the phrases, the noun enemy and the pronoun they are in the nominative case because of settled usage, not because of their grammatical relations with other words.

Because of this lack of dependence on other words for enemy in No. In German the accusative is used. In Milton are found examples of the accusative case used ab" him destroyed. A phrase containing a substantive in the nominative absolute can usually be changed into an adverbial clause. The snow coming very late, we had no sleighing for Christmas.

Because the snow came very late, we had no sleighing for Christmas. The task being finished, we went home. EXERCISE 32 In each of the following sentences select the noun or proin the nominative absolute, and change each adverbial phrase containing a nominative absolute into an adverbial noun clause.

The labours of the day being ended, you may now go to rest. My friend having failed to be can without her. The weather and the tide being favourable, Caesar set sail present, I shall I for Britain.

My story being done, my pains a world of sighs. This duty performed, 6. The 7. King lay down, his heart heavy with sorrow. All things forgotten besides, they gave themselves To the maddening whirl of the dizzy dance. Whoso The up ask'd her for his wife, riddle told not, lost his life. O O Judge me, 1. But Thou, 3. Sir, I entreat God, and plead my cause.

Lord, be merciful unto me. In these sentences the italicised words are used to name In or indicate the persons addressed by the speaker. Cur, amice, patriam love your country? Immortal gods I how much does one man excel another Fools whole. Ye gods they know not! Must I endure how much all this! Substantives used in exclamations like above, differ in function from those used only because they are used in exclamations, persons named or indicated by them are addressed.

When Herod,, the King, had heard these things, he was troubled. Foch, the French general, defeated the Germans. Good health, your greatest asset, is of supreme importance. She, my best friend, will surely help me. In each of the other sentences the second In the first noun Herod and named used similarly, in apposition with next first the italicised substantive, in order i.

That the second substantive, the one in apposition, is in each instance in the same case as the first substantive, is shown in sentence 5, where the pronoun he has the nominative case-form. Since the second substantive named of a or indicated noun by the in apposition is is first used to describe the thing substantive, the function manifestly adjectival.

I doubt not thou art heard, my son. The Niobe 3. Childless of nations there she stands,! The ships being built according to the General's instructions, nothing remained but to wait for suitable weather. Morning of Christ's Nativity. Harry Lauder, the Scottish comedian, is now visiting Canada. Beautiful soup, so rich and green, for a hot tureen Who for such dainties would not stoop? But 9. Hail, divinest Rats They fought the dogs and And I hand. Poor old Molly!

LAMB, C. Construct ten sentences, each one containing a nomin- ative of address. Construct ten sentences, each one containing a nominative in exclamation. Construct ten sentences, each containing a nominative in apposition.

This is she. It is he. He became my friend. She seems a goddess. She seems generous. In each of the first four sentences the italicised substantive completes the verb and modifies the subject.

This use of the substantive is like that of the adjective generous in No. The case-forms of she and he in sentences i and 2, show that the italicised words are in the nominative case. A substantive used in this way to modify a subject in the nominative case, and to complete a verb, is said to be in the predicate nominative ease. Church has remained mayor for five years. A part of France became a desert during the war. Clarke was president of the Literary Society.

This cloth will become a good coat. England became a democracy many years ago. This hat becomes the lady. What you have done is a proof of your kindness of heart. Ah then, if mine had been the painter's hand. Elegiac Stanzas. E Construct ten sentences containing predicate nominatives. Construct ten sentences containing nominative absolutes. Sometimes the subject clearness, or emphasis, or in repeated for the sake of is summing up a series. There as I passed with careless steps and slow, The mingled notes came softened from below The swain, responsive as the milkmaid sung, The sober herd that lowed to meet their young, The noisy geese that gabbled o'er the pool, The playful children just let loose from school, The watch-dog's voice that bayed the whispering wind, And the loud laugh that spoke the vacant mind, These all in sweet confusion sought the shade, And filled each pause the nightingale had made.

Was there one flinched? Not a boy, not a boy of them Straight on they marched to the dread battle's brunt.

Sometimes, after a sentence is begun, the writer or speaker changes the construction, and the substantive which was to have been the subject of the sentence is left without grammatical connection. He whom When was royal eyes disown, his form to courtiers known? Caesar was declared Emperor.

The 4. There never was knight skipper, he blew a whiff from his pipe, And a scornful laugh laughed he. At the foot of thy crags, O 51 Sea! In full-blown dignity see Wolsey stand, Law in his voice, and fortune in his hand. Sweet bird thy bower is ever green.

These nations, which were once our enemies, have now become our friends. Our masters then 1 1 g. Were How in the castle yard, it screams to the lightning, with its Jagged plumes overhanging the parapet E. Isobel's Child. The commonest use of the accusative case is as direct object of a verb or a preposition. General Foch saved Paris. Give assistance to your friends. A few verbs take two direct objects, one of the person, the other of the thing affected or produced by the act.

They asked him many questions.

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The warrior struck me a blow. Occasionally a verb that is regularly intransitive, takes noun whose meaning resembles its own. The boys The allies have fought a good fight.

The children ran errands. Our 2. We were given 4. They asked me three questions. Notice that the direct object of the active verb becomes Sentences i of turning way Sentence 3 represents an unusual and illogical method of turning an active sentence into a passive one. The indirect object, us, of sentence i the subject of the passive verb. Such sentences as No. One of them becomes the subject of the verb in No.

The premier was given a hearty reception on Thou For 4. His friend asked Antonio the reason of his sadness. His eyes looked daggers at his The cowardly man struck the boy a heavy blow. I would fain die a dry death. Longboat ran his fastest. A small boy asks his parents many difficult questions.

Fight the good fight with all thy might. For instance, the French equivalents of the examples given above would be: Nos amis nous ont donne un cadeau. Un cadeau nous a ete donne par nos amis. Mother makes the tea sweet. Mother sweetens the tea. The adjective sweet in the first sentence has two functions: This last it the sense the completes 2 point is shown clearly by the fact that sweetens in sentence 2 expresses the same idea as makes sweet in sentence i.

I call 2. The 3. We him is my friend. In each of these sentences the italicised noun completes the sense of the verb, and modifies the direct object. If the infinitive to be were supplied in the third sentence, We consider them to be our benefactors. We may, therefore, consider all the italicised nouns in sentences to be in the accusative case.

Nouns used in the predicate of the sentence to complete the sense of the verb, and to modify the direct object of the verb, are said to be in the Adjunct Accusative Case. Adjunct means joined Latin ad, to, and jungo, join. I consider I consider In sentence that he is our friend.

The pronoun him has the accusative case-form, and friend, as the complement of to be, and the modifier of him, must also be in the accusative case. Both subject and complement of an infinitive are, therefore, in the accusative case. They declared him The crowd saw her 3. The people elected Washington President of the United: I judged him to be a foreigner.

Gladstone lived a long and useful life. He frankly avowed himself to be Wilfred of Ivanhoe. And the gods of Greek tradition 5. Make the earth their dwelling-place. This worthy 6. I do call him a slanderous coward and a villain. Sometimes a-dropping from the sky 8. I heard the sky-lark sing. I am sure that indolence is the true state of man.

LAMB, Letters. Chiefs, By 1 2. So he commanded his man to light the candle. Jesse expected his eldest son to be king. The boys walked ten 2. My string is 3. The noun The noun The noun distance miles modifies the verb walked. In Old English, nouns used in this way modifies the adverb away. Since the nominative case is also used in exclamations see section 54 , nouns used in this same way are treated as being in the nominative case, since they have no special Alas the day form for the accusative: The landlord consented to allow me a pound a week.

This place LAMB, 5. Spencer mentioned a page or two before. French to be splendid fighters. Under the keel nine fathom deep, From the land of mist and snow, poor! We know the The spirit slid. Talbot was given a grant of land in Upper Canada.

But on the preceding night, my landlord having behaved very rudely to me, I had resolved not to remain another night in his house. As I walked home last night, I saw a shooting star rush across the sky. Before their eyes the wizard lay, if he had not been dead a day, His hoary beard in silver rolled, He seemed some seventy winters old.

As He sent them presents. The dative case is used also to denote the thing for which something is, or is not, done. His silver hairs will download us a good opinion. You made your brother a kite. This construction is called the Dative of Reference or Concern. Notice that both the dative of the indirect object and the dative of reference or concern may be replaced by phrases. He gave money to the boy. You made a kite for your brother. With certain impersonal verbs, most of which now archaic.

Methinks there is much reason in his sayings. Meseemeth then it is no are policy. In these sentences methinks and meseemeth both mean " Thinks in methinks is derived from it seems to me.

It likes me. In a few exclamations like " Woe is me! In him woke the noble wish To give his child a better bringing-up Than his had been. Me lists not tell what words were made, What Douglas, Home, and Howard said. That was the four-year-old I sold the Squire.

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Yes, sir, it does that lady honour, but it would do nobody else honour. Archers," he cried, 8. I ; monk's frock. The sun having risen, we went our way. Many years ago, in a distant country lived a witch name was Gerthilda. The teachers have made Mr. Bennett whose their representative on the committee. Premier Clemenceau of France has been appointed chairman of the Peace Conference. The ladies tell us that this gown becomes the hostess.

This gentleman does his friends many favours. Sir Thomas White was given the office of Minister of Finance. Florence tells her father that it is necessary to give women their rights. Jermyn has spent causes of the Great War. Clarke a house.

We knew the inhabitants of the island to be kind-hearted peasants. Do you think that these words will become a proverb? A little distance from the prow Those crimson shadows were.

Give every man thy ear, but few thy voice. By this legislation the slaves were made citizens. Our wounded soldiers should be given every attention. The commonest use of the genitive case is to denote ownership. Whose kite is this? It is John's kite. Canada's resources are very great. An outgrowth nection with. This man's assistance is valuable. Lincoln's election was a great triumph. The genitive case is often replaced by a phrase introduced by of.

In the case of the names of animals and inanimate things, such a phrase is usually preferred to the genitive case. The legs of the table. Sometimes we The horns of the dilemma.

That nose of your The brother's. In the phrase John's book, the meaning of the word book is modified by the word John's, just as it is modified by an adjective in You the phrase yellow book, or this book. The last two examples of the genitive given in section 68 are classified by some grammarians The distinctions indicated as subjective and objective genitives.

The classification of case-uses should be made simple, especially in school grammars. This fate was Wolsey's. The blind old man of Scio's rocky the day 4. The German General's defeat at the Marne saved for the French. Lincoln's assassination brought evil to the South. By how much better than my word I am, By so much shall I falsify men's hopes.

This is i King Henry IV. The great World-victor's victor will be seen no more. Death of the What though. A contented mind lessens life's troubles. In Sect. From the following examples you will learn that all the cases are used in the appositive construction. John, the King, was faithless. The barons defeated John, the King. Give my friend, John Jones, my compliments. We rarely find a substantive in the genitive case in apposition with another substantive, since a sentence containing two genitives in succession would be clumsy.

The following sentence illustrates our method of avoiding such constructions: The boat of my friend, George, Construction with as.

In neither case In the sentence, the first ative case, is in does the word as do more than introduce the substantive that follows it. This construction is doubtless the result of ellipsis.

In the complete sentence, as would be a conjunction. As used here, it has largely lost its conjunctive value, and therefore is called a Conjunctive Particle sect.

Construction with to be. The verb He He seems to be victor in this struggle. In each of these sentences the word victor modifies the subject he. In the first sentence, victor is complement of in the second one, it is complement of seems to be ; seems. OF THE: The boys like good reading. OUT friends having done their of the subject absolute we Nom. Lloyd George, Premier of Great Britain.

He Predicate nom. Adjunct ace. I gave it to praised him. I was given a book. They chose her queen. I believe him to be my enemy. This stick is six inches long. They Ah me! I shall download him a sled. Tom's dog is a good one. Thursday's lesson. Since the classification of To nouns as common, proper, abstract, etc. The particulars italicised nouns in the following sentence would, therefore, be parsed as indicated below.

See page The children of the poet have been told many fairy stories. How like a prodigal doth Nature seem. And lo among the menials, in mock state, Upon a piebald steed, with shambling gait,! His cloak of fox-tails napping in the wind, King Robert rode. Athens' triumph at Salamis was civilisation. Would you 7. Then, because his wound was deep, The bold Sir Bedivere uplifted him, Sir Bedivere, the last of all his knights, And bore him to a chapel nigh the field.

France the most industrious and virtuous part of her population. This wise father taught his son much Latin and Greek. Leach told his friend, Mr. McMahon, that in early life he had intended to be a teacher.

A year and more, with rush and roar 2. The surf had rolled it over. Each age has deemed the new-born year 3. These fittest time for festal cheer. The dog had been through three months' space A dweller in that savage place.

The slaves were given their freedom by this proclamation. Julius Caesar was appointed Governor of Gaul. Sometimes a-dropping from the sky 9. Rose then a sage old warrior I ; Was five-score winters old ; Whose beard from chin to girdle Like one long snow-wreath rolled. The next morning we all set out together, my family on horseback, while Mr.

Burchell, our new companion, walked along the footpath. You have already learned, in Chapter I. The Duke of Devonshire is Governor- General.

Our Governor-General, the Duke 5. This difficulty. They admire each other one another] I was given a pig in a poke. The King made him Duke of Cornwall. Give this ne'er do well a thrashing. I shall download the Duchess of Rich9. We took each The Man Nom. Devonshire, is here.

What What 3. What he wants 1. Do you know that the house is on fire? He was content with what he had acquired.

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