Tutorial: Understanding the AutoCAD Civil 3D User Interface 5 Tutorial: Viewing AutoCAD Civil 3D Objects. .. Exercise 4: Modifying a Design Criteria File. A distinct set of custom styles for each AutoCAD Civil 3D object type can . Overview of Bringing in Drawing Data From DWG Files Bringing . Understanding How Bulk Copy Converts Data Types .. Publishing to PDF. Tutorial. □ Lesson 2: Take a Quick Tour of AutoCAD Map 3D. Workflow . AUTOCAD® AND CIVIL 3D® are registered Startups for AutoCAD Civil 3D® . the raw survey file format presented in this manual, they can also use the.
|Language:||English, Spanish, Indonesian|
|Distribution:||Free* [*Registration Required]|
performing with AutoCAD Civil 3D in the workplace every day. In order to perform the exercises in this book, you must download a zip file and install the Type the address below into your web browser to load the page where you can. Training manual on Autocad Civil 3D 11 ~. 2. Save the excel file in your working directory as CSV (comma delimted) format and name the file as Inchatamp-csv. There are multiple ways of organizing AutoCAD Civil 3D project drawings. Three of the drawing file act as the repository for all design data. Realistically, this might .. In the New Data Shortcut Folder dialog box, type Ascent. Phase 1 for the.
FilomenaBritt1 Follow. Published in: Full Name Comment goes here. Are you sure you want to Yes No. Be the first to like this. No Downloads. Views Total views. Actions Shares. Embeds 0 No embeds. No notes for slide. Autocad civil 3d best practices guide pdf 1. PDF File Size: You may explore the content material sneak peek on the table of content below in case presented , which happens to be start from the Intro, Brief Description until the Glossary page.
File ID: You just clipped your first slide! Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Visibility Others can see my Clipboard. Cancel Save. Click Profile Properties. Components that have in the Visibility column are visible when the profile is displayed in a profile view.
Leave the Surface Properties dialog box open. The basic appearance of the individual object components is controlled on this tab. To examine the object style settings 1 In the Surface Properties dialog box. In the table. This View Direction specifies how the surface will be displayed when it is viewed as part of a corridor section. Notice the green and blue lines. The green lines are the layout profiles that you examined in profile view. Viewing a Drawing in Model Viewing a Drawing in Model In this exercise.
You will learn about viewing and editing corridor sections in the Viewing and Editing Corridor Sections tutorial page They are green because the Model view direction in its style indicated that they will display as green. A Southeast isometric view of the surface is displayed in the left viewport. When the layout profile line is viewed in model. The blue lines under the surface are the horizontal alignments from which the profiles were created.
Viewing a Drawing in Model page AutoCAD visual styles give a fast. You can use the ViewCube to adjust the viewpoint of the model when a visual style has been applied. Notice that a cube is displayed in the upper right-hand corner. The 3D Wireframe visual style displays the surface in model view without applying a fill material to the object.
The effect is not realistic. The shading in this style uses the Gooch face style. The render material that is specified in the surface style is displayed. When you are finished. Experiment with dragging the ViewCube to various positions.
The Conceptual visual style shades the object and smooths the edges between polygon faces. The Realistic visual style shades the surface and smooths the edges between polygon faces. Description keys can help you automate many point-handling tasks at the time that points are created or imported. These tutorials demonstrate how to import survey points into a drawing from a database. You will create description keys and point groups to sort the points as they are imported into a drawing.
Creating Point Data This tutorial demonstrates several useful setup tasks for organizing a large set of points. A description key uses the raw description code of a point to determine how to process the point. Before you import a large set of points. Creating Description Keys In this exercise. Click New. Click Edit Keys. Open the drawing Points All entries in the Code column of the DescKey Editor are case sensitive. In the DescKey Editor. You can classify a set of points into several point groups.
Then you can run various queries or operations for point display against a point group. The asterisk causes any imported point with a description code that begins with POND. Name field. The asterisk is a wild-card character. The DescKey Editor is displayed in a Panorama window.
Right-click Stormwater Keys. The new description key set is created. You can create a large point set and organize it later. Points can be imported from a text file or a Microsoft Access database. Click the cell to open the Layer Selection dialog box. Creating Point Groups page Creating Description Keys page Clearing these settings allows you to control these settings by using point group properties. Creating Point Groups This is an acceptable setting for the POND points.
Creating Point Groups In this exercise. Notice how the description key setting is recorded on both the Include and Query Builder tabs. Importing Points from a Database page If you know SQL. Storm Manholes Raw Desc Matching: Expand the Default Layer parameter. The points are displayed both in the drawing and in tabular form in the Toolspace list view. Importing Points from a Database In this exercise. Browse to the tutorial folder page The points are imported. Select points. Importing Points from a Database Notice that the two stormwater point groups appear to be empty.
Click Create. This is because they have not been updated with their new content. Click Open. Review the list of points that the application is prepared to add to the Storm Manholes and Detention Pond point groups.
Displaying and Editing Points This tutorial demonstrates how to use point groups. The icon indicates that an update is pending for a point group. The point groups update. The points are displayed in the Point Editor table. You can use point groups to organize points and to control their appearance in a drawing. While points are independent objects that do not have to be categorized into specific point groups. Click Edit Points. The Point Groups dialog box is displayed.
Review and change their attributes. Point groups are listed here according to their display order. It also explains the various ways to edit points using standard AutoCAD tools.
Arrows at the side of the dialog box allow you to change the display order. Changing the point or label style of a point group can help you distinguish these points more easily from other points in the drawing. The point layer can be assigned by using a description key.
Displaying an Externally Referenced Drawing Displaying an Externally Referenced Drawing In this exercise. Each point is an object that can be individually selected and manipulated. This column also appears in the Prospector list view when the point group is selected. If a point layer is not assigned during creation.
You can reference another drawing and make it appear as an underlay in your current drawing. This exercise continues from the Creating Point Data page 23 tutorial.
An external reference drawing xref is a useful way to see points in relation to other surface features without adding these features to your drawing. Select it and click Open. To see this. The point layer controls the display attributes of the point. Point objects have commands. The basemap appears on the screen.
There is no risk of unexpected changes to your drawing. Changing the Style of a Point Group In this exercise. Displaying an Externally Referenced Drawing page Labels for all points that do not have a label style set in another point group are hidden. This external reference remains separate from your drawing.
Point styles can help you distinguish the points more easily from other points in the drawing. Notice that both types of points use the same marker style X. In a later exercise. Changing the Style of a Point Group page The point markers are still visible 30 Chapter 3 Points Tutorials.
If it has not. Changing Point Group Display Order page The point group display order determines how points that belong to more than one point group are displayed in a drawing.
The stormwater manhole points are now marked with the symbol defined in the Storm Sewer Manhole point style. Changing Point Group Display Order When a drawing is opened or regenerated. Notice that all point labels in the drawing are hidden. This option ensures that the Point Label Style setting of the point group overrides the Point Label Style setting of the individual points included in the point group.
Click twice to move Storm Manholes point group to the bottom of the display order. Click Detach. This exercise continues from Exercise 3: Removing an Externally Referenced Drawing page Exercise 4: Removing an Externally Referenced Drawing The reference drawing disappears from view. Removing an Externally Referenced Drawing In this exercise. Editing Points In this exercise. Editing Points page The grip turns red. This toggles the display of the drag label grip.
You will rotate the point marker so that it is parallel with the nearby road. The properties are listed in two major categories: The point marker now matches the angle of the road. Click the grip above the drag label grip. Three grips are available. TIP To rotate a group of points.
These grips can be used to drag each line in the point label independently. You will correct this in the following steps. Notice that the label for point is obscured by the hatching. This is the point rotation grip. This is the drag label grip. Click to place the label in its new orientation. Adding User-Defined Properties to Points This tutorial demonstrates how to add custom properties to points.
After you have added the user-defined properties to a point group. To create user-defined properties. A user-defined property can be any useful attribute. Adding User-Defined Properties to Points You assign classifications and their associated properties to the points in your drawing using point groups. The drawing is similar to the ones you used earlier in the Points tutorials. Creating User-Defined Properties In this exercise.
The new classification is created and added to the list of user-defined property classifications. Right-click User-Defined Property Classifications. Right-click Manhole UDP. To save time. The property is added to the list of Manhole UDP properties.
String ial 10 Create an additional user-defined property classification named Trees. Click Copy. Expand the Label Styles collection.
Enter Invert In: Creating User-Defined Properties page The text in the editor should look like this: Assigning User-Defined Properties to Points page Assigning User-Defined Properties to Points Enter In the Classification column.
Click Storm Manholes. Click all the column values that have a check mark next to them. Clearing the check boxes turns off the display of columns you do not need to see for this exercise.
Point Label Style. The value is displayed with the other point information in the drawing window. Importing Points with User-Defined Properties page Importing Points with User-Defined Properties Right-click Point File Formats.
Querying User-Defined Property Information page To import user-defined property data using a text file 1 In Toolspace. The point data is imported. In the item view. The point data from the file import is displayed in the item view.
The list of points included in the group is determined by a query that contains user-defined properties. Click Name in the Property column. A list of points that match your query is displayed in the item view. In the Operator list. This exercise continues from Exercise 4: Invert In.
Points number and are excluded. In the Property list.
Querying User-Defined Property Information Click Insert Row. From this location. Surfaces Tutorials 4 These tutorials will get you started working with land surfaces. You will then add data to the surface. A TIN line is one of the lines that makes up the surface triangulation.
When first created. After data has been added to a surface. When you first create a surface. The elevation of any point in the surface is defined by interpolating the elevations of the vertices of the triangles that the point lies in. Boundaries Boundaries are closed polylines that affect the visibility of the triangles either inside or outside the polylines. An outer boundary defines the extents of the surface. The TIN lines form triangles. Point Groups Point groups are a flexible and convenient way to group and identify points that share common characteristics or are used to perform a task.
All triangles inside the boundary are visible. To create TIN lines. You can create point groups that contain specific points. Surface boundaries are defined by selecting existing polygons in the drawing. Areas hidden by boundaries are not included in calculations. The surface definition displays the numerical ID and a list of vertices for each boundary. Breaklines are important because it is the interpolation of the data.
Breaklines are critical to creating an accurate surface model. In the Create Surface dialog box. You can use 3D lines or 3D polylines as breaklines. Navigate to the tutorial drawings folder page and open the drawing Surface-1A.
This is the layer on which the surface will be created. Breaklines Breaklines define linear surface features. Breaklines force surface triangulation to run along the breakline. For 3D lines. ByLayer 7 Click OK to create the surface. Select the Allow Crossing Breaklines option. The new surface name is displayed in the Surfaces collection. Click OK again to close the Object Layer dialog box. Click Surface Properties. In the Value column. Rebuild Surfaces dialog box.
Under Definition Options. The drawing file size is unaffected. Adding Point Data to a Surface page This setting will be used later.
Adding a set of points to a surface by reference makes sense if you do not need to analyze or edit the point data. This process is described in the Points tutorial lesson Exercise 3: Adding Breaklines to a Surface page Adding Point Data to a Surface In this exercise. Adding Point Data to a Surface A reference to the point file is added to the XGND surface definition.
Right-click Point Files. At the bottom of the dialog box. The presence of point data in the surface definition is indicated by the marker next to the Point Files item on the Prospector tab. The Add Point File dialog box is displayed. Click Add. The Import Point File item is the operation you performed in steps 1 to 6. NOTE If the surface is not displayed in the drawing. This exercise uses the QSelect command to create a selection set that includes all objects matching the filtering criteria you specify.
Adding Breaklines to a Surface In this exercise. QSelect can apply either to the entire drawing or to an existing selection set. Clear Specify On Screen. The selection set created by QSelect either replaces or is appended to the current selection set. Set X. In their original drawing. Entire Drawing Exercise 3: Adding Breaklines to a Surface The 3D polylines are inserted into the drawing.
Select Breaklines. If you closed Event Viewer. For this exercise. In the Layer list. NOTE If there are any issues with the data. The 3D polylines are selected in the drawing. You can investigate data contention issues reported in the Event Viewer. The Add Breaklines dialog box is displayed. The surface displayed in the drawing updates. Selected 7 Click OK. Right-click Breaklines. The previously selected 3D polylines are added to the surface definition as breaklines. Before proceeding to the next exercise.
The drawing is zoomed in to and centered on the point that the breakline is crossing. In Prospector. Adding an Outer Boundary to a Surface page Adding an Outer Boundary to a Surface In this exercise.
Select Outer Boundary. In the Surface Properties dialog box. To investigate crossing breakline data issues 1 When the Event Viewer is displayed. Adding an Outer Boundary to a Surface To see the points and actual TIN triangles created along the breaklines.
The polyline is inserted into the drawing. Clear Specify On-Screen. In the Layers list. The Add Boundaries dialog box is displayed. The boundary is added to the surface definition. Right-click Boundaries and click Add. Right-click Boundaries. Limiting Imported Surface Data Because surfaces can contain large amounts of data. If all of those points are included in the surface definition. Navigate to the tutorial drawings folder page and open the drawing Surface Limiting Imported Surface Data In this exercise.
The exercises in this tutorial demonstrate how to insert a relatively dense LIDAR point file into a surface. In the following steps. If you restrict the points that the surface uses to a given area. The EG surface is currently empty. Expand the EG surface. Points that are in the point file. The presence of a boundary in the surface definition is indicated by the marker next to the Boundaries item on the Prospector tab.
A reference to the point file is added to the EG surface definition. The point file will be added only within the extents of the data clip boundary that you just added.
When the Boundaries collection is selected. The point data is added to the drawing. The polyline is added to the EG surface definition as a boundary. The border is outside the red data clip boundary in some areas. The green border is formed by the points at the outermost extents of the points that were imported. This layer contains an orange polyline that you will use to create a second data clip boundary. Surface with points imported within a data clip boundary left and detail of the surface right 8 On the command line.
To restrict the surface data to a smaller area 1 In the Layers list. Notice that only points that are inside the data clip boundary have been imported.
This happened because points in the point file that are outside the data clip boundary were excluded during the import operation. The Site data clip boundary was added first. Click to move the Add Boundary operation to the top of the list. The operations you performed in this exercise are listed in the order in which they were performed. Rebuild Surface dialog box. When the surface rebuilds.
Click to move the Add Boundary operation to the bottom of the list. Because the points were added to the surface before the Corridor boundary. Data clip boundaries only affect surface editing operations that are performed after the data clip boundary has been added.
The Corridor data clip boundary was added last. Simplifying a Surface page Site To continue this tutorial. Before you continue to the next exercise. Surface with Corridor data clip boundary applied Further exploration: Rearrange the surface definition operations and observe the results.
Simplifying a Surface In this exercise. A surface can be simplified by removing either TIN edges or points. These polylines will enable you to observe the results of the Simplify Surface command. For Mid-Ordinate Distance. These layers contains polylines that represent the original major and minor contours.
Limiting Imported Surface Data page NOTE You cannot specify which points to remove. More points are removed from areas in which the concentration of points is very dense than from areas that contain fewer points.
Points that are used to define surface borders and breaklines are not removed with the Simplify Surface command. Click Next. The original surface points are still contained in the referenced point file. Click Pick In Drawing. In this exercise. When the simplify surface command is complete. This method randomly selects points from the surface. If you click Finish. This value is the number of points that the simplify surface command removed within the selected boundary.
At the bottom of the wizard. Notice that the points are not as dense as they were at the beginning of the exercise.
Simplifying a Surface The Simplify Surface command reduced the amount of data that the surface uses without sacrificing much surface accuracy. This is the current number of points in the selected region.
Cleared 8 Click Apply. In the Simplify Surface wizard. Changing the Surface Style and Display This tutorial demonstrates how to change and constrain the surface styles and display. Simplified surface To continue to the next tutorial. Editing the Surface Style In this exercise. Surface styles define how the surface components are displayed in the drawing. Rather than answering prompts for numerous variables every time you create a surface.
If you want to change the appearance of a component. Depression contours form closed loops around areas of descending elevation.
All objects have a standard object style grouping on the Settings tree. Editing the Surface Style Using styles is an efficient way to control surface display. You can create. These are areas where lakes or ponds can form if the rainfall and soil conditions are right. The surface styles contain the following component parameters and component display settings for the creation of surface data objects: Using a Different Style for a Surface In this exercise.
Click Edit. Using a Different Style for a Surface page To do this. Ensure that Display Depression Contours is set to True. Editing the Surface Style page The surface representation updates to display the TIN triangles and border. Labeling a Surface Labeling a Surface In this exercise. Labeling a Surface page You will place individual labels manually and a series of labels automatically. These elevations are most evident along the bottom of the surface where a prominent ridge appears.
This style is set to display the borders and the TIN faces with 3x vertical exaggeration. Right-click the XGND surface. These display settings make it easier to see the vertical relief of the surface. Grips appear on the line. If you wanted to create the path and labels simultaneously without first drawing a polyline.
Notice that the labels update automatically to reflect their new position. The labels are created along the path you specified with the polyline. Press Enter to end the selection command. Press Enter to end the PLine command. Leave the other settings at their defaults. It turns red. This method of surface labeling is useful when you want to lay out the path of surface contour labels before you create the labels.
You will also hide part of the surface using a hide boundary. Editing Surface Data When prompted. Using the Add Labels dialog box. TIN line deletion.
Editing Surface Data This tutorial demonstrates some common surface editing tasks. Edge Swapping Edge swapping is used to change the direction of two triangle faces in the surface. By removing these lines. When an edge is removed. In this case.
Surface TIN or Grid lines can also be deleted within a pond. The full surface remains intact. Hide Boundaries Hide boundaries mask areas of the surface so triangulation. If there are surface TIN lines that you want to permanently remove from the surface.
Use hide boundaries to create holes in a surface. NOTE When you use a hide boundary. You can specify smoothing properties and then turn them on or off. This method uses information in the triangulation of the known points to compute a weighted average of the elevations of the natural neighbors of a point. Swapping TIN Edges NNI interpolates only within the surface. When the smoothing is turned off. The result is smoothed contours.
The elevations of the interpolated points are always based on the weighted average of the elevations of the existing neighboring points. To use NNI. NNI is a method used to estimate the elevation Z of an arbitrary point P from a set of points with known elevations.
You perform smoothing as an edit operation on a surface. Right-click Edits. On the command line. In this drawing. Navigate to the tutorial drawings folder page and open the drawing Surface-4A. The edge is swapped if the following criteria are met: NOTE The Description column in the list view provides the coordinates of the pick point along the edge that was swapped. The edits are added as Swap Edge operations to the Edits list view on the Prospector tab.
Navigate to the tutorial drawings folder page and open the drawing Surface-4B. Swapping TIN Edges page The TIN lines fall within a pond. Deleting TIN Lines page Press Enter. Adding a Hide Boundary page Deleting TIN Lines NOTE The Description column in the list view provides the coordinates of the vertices for the edge that was deleted.
The edits are added as Delete Line operations to the Edits list view in Prospector. The edge is removed and an interior border is created. Navigate to the tutorial drawings folder page and open the drawing Surface-4C. A boundary can be created from any polygon or polyline. Adding a Hide Boundary In this exercise. Adding a Hide Boundary The hide boundary is added to the surface definition.
Smoothing a Surface In this exercise. Smoothing a Surface page Navigate to the tutorial drawings folder page and open the drawing Surface-4D. The Smooth Surface dialog box is displayed. Click OK to smooth the surface.
The display of the surface is smoothed. You can delete the Smooth Surface edit from the list.
A Smooth Surface item is added to the Edits list view on the Prospector tab. The Grid Based output location interpolates surface points on a grid defined within specified polygon areas selected in the drawing.
Creating a Watershed and Water Drop Analysis After the areas are defined. This option will smooth the whole surface.
Creating a Watershed and Water Drop Analysis This tutorial demonstrates how to create two kinds of surface analysis: From these areas. Navigate to the tutorial drawings folder page and open the drawing Surface-5A. You use water drop analysis. Other types of surface analysis include slope. You use watershed analysis. Configuring a Style for Watershed Display In this exercise. This tutorial includes the following general steps: Click Hatch Pattern and click.
Change Use Hatching to True. Generating a Watershed Analysis page In the Component Display table. Configuring a Style for Watershed Display page Generating a Watershed Analysis Generating a Watershed Analysis In this exercise.
Click the next to Boundary Point and Boundary Segment to turn off the display of these watershed types. Creating a Watershed Legend In this exercise. Right-click the watershed item in the list view and click Pan To or Zoom To. The Prospector list view displays a tabular list of the surface watersheds with their IDs. The details of the surface watersheds are displayed in the Details table.
Creating a Watershed Legend page Click OK to close the Surface Properties dialog box. Click the Watersheds collection. Enter Dynamic to enable automatic updating. The legend table is displayed in the drawing at the selected location. Extracting Objects from a Surface page Extracting Objects from a Surface The Table Style dialog box displays the properties of the Standard watershed table style. Extracting Objects from a Surface In this exercise. If a change is made to the surface and the watershed analysis is regenerated.
After the lines are created. This exercise uses a drawing file similar to the one used in Exercise 3: AutoCAD objects are created from each of the watersheds in the drawing. The water drop utility creates either a 2D or 3D polyline object that runs downhill on a surface from any point you select. The catchment regions can be created on the surface as either 2D or 3D polygons.
You can use any of the standard AutoCAD commands to modify or query the new objects. Clear all boxes in the Properties column except for Watersheds. The surface style is changed to make it easier to see the basic surface features. A blue grip appears inside each area. The AutoCAD text window displays parameters for the first object you selected. You can specify whether the point you select is indicated with a marker. Analyzing Surface Water Runoff page You can use the information you get from the water drop analysis to calculate catchment areas.
Analyzing Surface Water Runoff In this exercise. Analyzing Surface Water Runoff If a water path splits. A 2D polyline is drawn. The start point of the path is indicated by a marker.
WD Start 4 In the drawing window. Navigate to the tutorial drawings folder page and open the drawing Surface-5C. Notice that most waterdrop paths in this area drain to the culverts that are indicated by the red arrows. Waterdrop paths arrows indicate culvert inlet locations 5 Press Enter to end the waterdrop command. Catchment Area 84 Chapter 4 Surfaces Tutorials. In the drawing. NOTE If you receive a message indicating that the specified location results in a catchment area with no area.
The polygons are displayed in the drawing window. Catchment areas defined 5 In the drawing window. The area value of each catchment region is displayed on the command line. Blue polygons that define each catchment region are created. TIP You can transfer individual or shrinkwrapped catchment area polygons to a hydrology application for further analysis.
Generating Surface Volume Information This tutorial demonstrates how to create base and comparison surfaces. The remaining drawing objects are displayed in the drawing window. A black polygon that contains the combined area of the catchment areas is displayed.