2 Avvertenze Generali Sintesi di fine capitolo in Lingua inglese terney.info nitive processes and can be understood by going beyond the study of simple. sintesi avvertenze generali edizione edises Copyright: © All Rights Reserved. Download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd. Flag for inappropriate. sintesi in lingua inglese del manuale avvertenze generali le avvertenze generali capitolo delle avvertenze il nuovo concorso a cattedra - edises - 3 il.
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Competenze pedagogico-didattiche. Capitolo 1 Le teorie dell'apprendimento e la psicologia dell'educazione. Le Avvertenze generali per tutte le classi di concorso - Edises ; Tutti gli argomenti delle Avvertenze generali comuni a tutti i programmi del concorso a cattedra: competenze psico-pedagogiche e metodologico-didattiche, Concorso scuola sintesi gratuite delle Avvertenze Generali in Per facilitare lo studio della lingua straniera, Edises ha messo a E-book gratuito Edises Orizzontescuola.
Le Avvertenze generali in punti chiave: un'utilissima sintesi di Avvertenze generali per tutte Segui i suggerimenti del progetto di riferimento. Le avvertenze generali del bando MIUR del 26 febbraio svolte punto per punto. Testo unico edises per scuola secondaria - … ; Testo unico edises per scuola secondaria - Avvertenze generali - Concorso , Sintesi di Didattica Pedagogica.
Il nuovo concorso a cattedra. Le avvertenze … ; Compra Il nuovo concorso a cattedra. Le avvertenze generali in punti chiave. Insegnante di Sostegno nelle Scuole Secondarie. See All. In this case. The conduct disorder may be associated with the bullying phenomenon. Each school must have a policy that is aimed at preventing and timely detecting bullying phenomena.
The conditions that determine the State of Flow. In the school context. There are two types of bullying: Educational and psyco-pedagogical competences and basic knowledge of the education system 15 4. In other words. Aggressive behaviour By observing the behaviour of pupils and their interaction with the classmates.
Management of the group The advantages of working in groups are as follows: Communities of practice Wenger defines the community of practice as a group of people who share a commitment or a passion for something they are dealing with actively. The following types can be identified: Decision making and agreement assemblies are also important. One of the ways to convey information in an organisation is by holding assemblies or meetings. The three dimensions of the practice associated with the community are: There are four major areas in which the co-teaching practises can be used: It has three fundamental aspects: David Kolb defines a learning cycle that is divided into four phases: Learning styles according to David Kolb In his theory of experiential learning.
The student identifies four main styles: Chapter 8 Learning styles and teaching styles 1. According to Kolb.
In the final version of the theory. Dunn identifies two of them. When the factors have a certain configuration. The set of values of the factors. Fleming believes that the way in which students receive or transmit information effectively is the real critical parameter of their learning style. These terms refer to four learning styles. VARK is the acronym of the words Visual.
Learning styles according to the Dunns The learning style is the result of a series of factors that affect the effectiveness and ways of learning of a student.
Chapter 9 From disability to Special Educational Needs 1. Each dimension has 2 complementary styles. This classification takes as reference the health condition of a person considering his level of functioning. The importance of the ICF classification is that it also considers the factors determined by the physical and social environment in which the person lives.
It follows that www. Learning styles according to Richard Felder According to Felder. The handicap is related to the disadvantage of the individual.
Educational and psyco-pedagogical competences and basic knowledge of the education system 19 4. When they are negative. The impairment is related to an anomaly that may occur in the structure of the body or in its appearance and can be caused by anything. The first two dimensions are related to the reception phase of the information. When the environmental factors are positive. In the ICF classification the term handicap disappears and is replaced by the term disability.
In These documents are the Functional Diagnosis FD. It is a disorder that concerns the correctness of writing according to the rules of the linguistic code spelling rules and not according to the graphic aspect of writing. For pupils with SLD. These elements and the teaching methods implemented for the student must be explained in the Customised Teaching Program.
The idea is to recognise the differences in order to accept one another. The term didactic continuity is used to indicate the initiatives that the educational institutions implement to mitigate the discontinuity of the curriculum. Didactic continuity Steps from one education segment to another introduce the discontinuity factors that can be a source of confusion and loss to the student and. Chapter 10 Continuity. Horizontal continuity is based on the way in which educational institutions develop a curriculum that is effective in the social.
A specific topic related to foreign students is interculturalism which promotes dialogue and exchange between the cultures. Foreign students For foreign students.
Initial learning is first aimed at the acquisition of useful language in order to socialise and interact within the context. Technical and primary education.
The Nineteenth century In the school model of the Kingdom of Sardinia was extended to the newly established Kingdom of Italy. Chapter 11 The historical evolution of the Italian school 1. The Casati Legislation in outlined a school system divided in three sections: Higher education.
The Coppino Legislation of extended the mandatory period to three years and the total period of primary school to 5 years. The teacher has to identify. Primary school lasted a period of four years. Underlying the reform. At the census in At the end of the fourth year. The pupils graduating primary school had four pathways open to them: Primary school education returned to an extension of five years divided into two cycles lower grade of three years and upper grade of two years.
Classical secondary education. Education was mandatory until the fourteenth year of life. It sets the duty of the Republic to ensure that all worthy and capable citizens are enabled to reach the highest levels of education.
After the Agreement of Commits the Republic to set down general education standards and establish state schools at all levels. After the protests in School in the Republican Constitution With the approval of the Constitution. This article was amended in by Constitutional Law No.
It gives the right to private entities to establish schools at no cost for the State. The articles that are more or less directly related to instruction are the following: The second half of the twentieth century In Those who did not intend to follow this subject could be exonerated upon request.
It establishes mandatory education for at least eight years later legislation has extended the period to ten years. The Nineties had a series of sectoral reforms. School equality was introduced by Law 62 of The normal schedule is of forty hours per week. For children from 24 to 36 months. Certain provisions entered immediately into force. The current nursery school is a pre-school path. Between and Nursery schools regulations Nursery schools were established by Law of 18 March The sections of primary school have.
The National Guidelines for primary school are included in the National Guidelines for nursery schools and first cycle. Lower secondary school After primary school the lower secondary school. Even for the Catholic religion. Support teachers assigned to classes in which pupils with certified disabilities are included.
The weekly timetable is different depending on the year group: The classes of primary schools have. The evaluation of the behaviour is instead expressed via a judgement. To the 27 hours option another 3 hours of optional activities are added. The second language has two hours per week and. It follows that the evaluation of the impact of absences on the scholastic performance is left to be decided by the team of teachers.
The timetable includes the time spent in the school canteen. The condition to enrol in the primary school is to come to the age of 6 years. The first classes are made up. Educational and psyco-pedagogical competences and basic knowledge of the education system 25 2.
Upon registration. Spanish or German. The parents or tutors are responsible for choosing the option at the time of registration. Primary school The primary school is the first step of the first cycle of education. The frequency criterion of at least three quarters of the customised annual timetable does not involve primary school. Teachers may unanimously decide not to admit a pupil to the next grade.
The teaching of two European languages was provided: Admission to exam takes place after the final meeting in the third grade and consists in assigning the eligibility grade. It consists of two tests. For each of these disciplines. English and a second European community language. To be eligible for the next year or for the State exam. The State exam consists in five written tests four of the Institute and a national one and an oral exam.
The written tests of the Institute are: Teaching Catholic religion is evaluated using synthetic judgement. Pupils must be assessed for each discipline and behaviour with grades expressed in tenths.
The examination board will consist of all teachers of the third grades of the school. The State exam is the sum of the activity performed by the pupil during the three years and a final verification of achieving the objectives identified by the Profile of competencies at the end of the first cycle of education. The certificate includes the confirmation or revision of the guiding council released during the examinations.
Chapter 13 Second cycle of education 1. A further limit consisted in the fact that it could not be used to shift to the five years education pathway or for the purposes of participating in public contests. The final grade is rounded up to a higher unit by fraction equal to or greater than 0. After the reorganisation of The first two years of both channels are useful to accomplish the mandatory ten years of education.
Prior to the reform the professional training courses were organised as practical technical courses that lasted two years. Candidates who obtain a score of ten tenths will receive honours from the commission and the decision will be taken unanimously. Educational and psyco-pedagogical competences and basic knowledge of the education system 27 The oral test consists in a multidisciplinary interview.
Developed by the Council of Europe between and CLIL is not provided in the Regulations. CLIL needs teachers that are prepared and who possess not only disciplinary skills. CLIL was implemented in with the reorganisation of technical schools and high schools: In the last year of high schools and technical schools.
Each group is divided in turn in two levels. The number of terminal classes is equal to that of the corresponding penultimate classes in the previous school year. The vocational pathways are the responsibility of the school. Class structure The classes of the first year of study of institutes and schools of secondary and upper secondary education have. In language high schools. These pathways. It consists in three different sections: As for the vocational schools.
Chambers of Commerce. As a rule. School-work related learning The school-work related learning. The European Language Portfolio is the document that accompanies those who study a language in their learning path throughout their life.
The support teachers. The examination procedures are the responsibility of the Committee. These experiences are acquired outside school. Even in the upper secondary school. Student evaluation For the evaluation of pupils in the second cycle schools. For their evaluation during the admission exam. Educational and psyco-pedagogical competences and basic knowledge of the education system 29 7. School credit and training credit The school credit takes into account the average of the grades.
The periodic and final evaluation is made by the class council. At the end of the interventions. The training credit consists in qualified educational experiences that generate skills consistent with the type of course referred to in the State Examination. For admission to the next class. The maximum credit attributable during the three year period amounts to 25 points.
The State examination The State examination is aimed to assess the knowledge and skills acquired in the last year of studies in relation to the general and specific objectives of each of the specialisations and general cultural bases. The class council gives to the pupil who is worthy. The examination consists of three written tests and an interview. The texts related to the first and second written tests are chosen by the Ministry.
The text of the third written test is prepared by the examination board. Notwithstanding the maximum score of They are divided into two-year periods and a fifth year. The interview shall deal with multidisciplinary subjects related to educational programs and work of the last year. The industry and crafts sector is divided into two specialisations: It is structured in order to allow the assessment of knowledge in a foreign language.
They belong to a unitary technical and professional area aimed at issuing final diplomas and they have their own regulations. At end of the State examination. The third test is an expression of the school autonomy. Chapter 14 Regulations of vocational schools.
They have as reference the production chains. A discussion on the written tests is expected to take place. The next two years and the last year provide for each year: The Services sector includes four specialisations: Those who obtain the maximum score of points without getting the raise. Vocational schools Vocational schools are an articulation of the second cycle of the education system. Vocational schools are divided into two sectors. It takes place at the presence of the entire commission.
There are 1. Graphics and communications. The high school area includes six major branches. Transport and logistics. The courses of technical schools last for five years. Dental Services and Optical Services.
In the last year of study. Food and wine. Health and Social Services. High schools High schools provide students with cultural and methodological tools for a deeper understanding of reality. The economic sector is divided into two specialisations: The technology sector is divided into nine specialisations: Technical schools Technical schools provide basic technical and scientific training necessary to those who seek to enter a qualified sector in the employment or freelance occupations market.
In the last year. Fashion system. Room services and Sales. IT and telecommunications. The educational and teaching program refers to the Guidelines issued in for the first two years and in for the next two years and the last year. Electronics and electrical engineering. Luxembourg and the Netherlands signed the first European Treaty. In the following years. The signatories were the same countries that had joined ECSC.
Ireland and Denmark joined. Chapter 15 European Union and the subsidiarity to the education systems of the member countries 1. The proposal consisted in abolishing the duty in the coal and steel sector.
The Member States became twelve. On October 3. The high school lasts for five years and is divided into two two-year periods and a fifth year. After the horror of the genocide and destruction. Its historic result was to set in motion the political integration process among the European states. The educational and teaching program refers to the National Guidelines issued in Continuing on the line that led to ECSC. It was decided to pursue economic integration by implementing the customs union between the Member States.
On 25 March West Germany. It gave excellent results. In Belgium. The Member States decided to establish other common policies. The educational and teaching program refers to the National Guidelines. Spain and Portugal. The weekly timetable in the two-year period is of 27 hours. Educational and psyco-pedagogical competences and basic knowledge of the education system 33 pects of action beyond the economic aspect.
For joining the monetary union. The balance between the opposing trends entails the balance of the EU itself. At the same time. The principle of responsibility: The European citizenship was established: On 1 January Cyprus and Malta. The introduction of the Euro took place on 1 January Finland and Sweden. Today the single currency is adopted by 19 of the 28 Member States.
The centripetal movement that led to the Treaty of Rome in and to the prospects of political Union in started to fade away.
The next goal was the adoption of the single currency. Bulgaria and Romania. The principle of subsidiarity: The enlargement of the Union to the east and south raised economic and institutional problems: The Member States of the European Union increased from only 6 States in to the current 28 countries. The European Commission is composed of European commissioners.
The Council defines the general political directions and priorities of the Union. The European Parliament is the parliamentary assembly of the European Union. Evaluates disputes between national governments and EU institutions.
Its role is to improve the financial management of the EU and to report on the use of public funds. It meets in different forms. For example. Depending on the procedure adopted. The subsidiarity principle was incorporated in the Italian Constitution with the constitutional reform of In the EU this is only partially valid. The Commission is the governing body of the EU. The EU institutional framework consists of seven institutions: The Council. The Council of the Union.
It takes part in the legislative process. The Court of Auditors is the controlling body of EU finances. The eTwinning project should also be pointed out making possible e-twinning projects between European primary and secondary schools through an on-line platform.
One of these areas is education. Powers of the Union The powers of the Union can be divided into: Chapter 16 School autonomy and management 1. The Union is responsible for these matters the role of the States is residual: Grundtvig adult education. European programs in support of education throughout life Always in respect of the subsidiarity principle. To this extent the Socrates Program was launched in order to support quality education by developing the European dimension of education.
One cannot talk about a common European policy on education while it is correct to speak of cooperation in the field of education based on the principle of subsidiarity.
Educational and psyco-pedagogical competences and basic knowledge of the education system 35 The European Central Bank is responsible for implementing the monetary policy of those countries adopting the Euro. It included four actions: Comenius school. Erasmus university. Leonardo da Vinci vocational training. Article 1 of P. Exceptions were granted in small islands. In order to acquire or maintain autonomy. The set parameters were changed with the spending review law.
The following are some of the new powers given to the school manager: Best dimensioning of schools School autonomy lead to the rationalisation of their organisation in the territory. On the other hand it was allowed to exceed the normal parameters in areas of high population density.
Everything takes place in compliance with the competencies of the governing boards. The plan is approved by the Board of the Institute. They arise not from the free associative needs of the school but. In the education system. Educational and psyco-pedagogical competences and basic knowledge of the education system 37 4. School networks The autonomous schools. The plan is prepared by the board of teachers based on the guidelines for school activities and on the management and administration decisions defined by the school manager.
The TYPS also indicates the extracurricular activities. System monitoring As a result of the constitutional reform of Educational institutions are responsible for the rights of the students. The School or the Association board. Chapter 17 School community as a place of participation: Within the institute. Articles School or Association board The Association board in primary schools or School board in secondary schools is an elective body that has orientation functions.
The evaluation of the learning levels of the students from each school is performed by testing.
The tests include the Italian language and mathematics. With the exception of the Board of teachers. It consists of the school manager who is a member by right and the elected representatives of: The Board of teachers has the power to decide with regard to a series of subjects. The manager appoints as secretary one of the supply teachers. It is an electoral board when it elects two teachers in the Evaluation council and when it appoints the teachers responsible for the instrumental functions to TYPS.
It is prepared by the Director of general and administrative services. The Board elects an Executive council among its members. The areas for which it takes decisions are as follows: These documents are: It makes proposals to the school manager.
Board of teachers The Board of teachers is chaired by the school manager and composed by all members of the teaching personnel on duty in the school. Educational and psyco-pedagogical competences and basic knowledge of the education system 39 Council is the interlocutor of the Board of teachers: Committee for the evaluation of teachers The Committee for the evaluation of teachers has three functions: In its full composition the Council has the function of determining the criteria for the enhancement of teachers.
Their tasks are to promote educational collaboration. A significant paradigm of cooperation between the two bodies is the construction of the TYPS. The boards come together in two different ways: It is chaired by the school manager and it is composed as follows: When the Council expresses its opinion on the passing of the training and testing period for the teaching and educational personnel.
The school manager takes into account those criteria at the end of the year when he must identify the teachers deserving to receive the bonus from the appropriate ministerial fund. Educational and psyco-pedagogical competences and basic knowledge of the education system 41 6.
Article 1. Rights of the students and their families Academic freedom is not an end in itself. Academic freedom Article 1 of the Consolidated Law sets out the constitutional principle Article 33 of academic freedom. It follows that: The school manager is responsible for the promotion in school of the constitutionally protected rights Article The aim of the school autonomy is to achieve the educational success of students P.
In this sense. Academic freedom is a guarantee for the teacher against constraints or conditioning by the public authorities. Chapter 18 The teacher: Meetings of parents and students The decrees of gave the parents of the pupils and students in secondary school the opportunity to meet in class or school assemblies. After the trial period.
At the end of the school year. On the basis of these evaluations and of any other element acquired. Trial period of the teaching personnel Provisions are set by Article of the Consolidated Law. The same agreement defines the obligations for the activities needed for teaching. During the test year. The National Collective Labour Agreement provides for the weekly mandatory hours of instruction: Special tasks It is expected that the teacher will receive special assignments for the collaboration with the school manager or for the coordination of the areas of activity in the TYPS: This will lead to an unrenewable second period of training and testing.
Incompatibility with other activities The Constitution states that public employees are exclusively at the service of the State Article Disciplinary responsibility of the teacher The disciplinary responsibility rises whenever the employee breaches his obligations of behaviour.
The right and duty to cultural and professional updating Defined by the National Collective Labour Agreement as functional to teaching activities.
As for the teachers. At present. Educational and psyco-pedagogical competences and basic knowledge of the education system 43 7. The procedure involves the following steps: The persons referred to in the previous paragraphs are freed from responsibility only if they prove not to have been able to prevent the incident. The School board. The responsibility. It also provides that a fulltime teacher can practice the profession with permission of the school manager.
The disciplinary procedure is activated by the school manager or.