The first swap was executed over thirty years ago. Since then,the interest rate swaps and other derivative markets have grown anddiversified in Howard Corb . Pdf Download eBook Free Interest Rate Swaps and Other Derivatives By Howard Corb [Free Ebook] #EPUB. Interest Rate Swaps and Other Derivatives - Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free. In this volume, Howard Corb explores the.

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Best PDF Interest Rate Swaps and Other (Columbia Business School Publishing) , Howard Corb read online now, e-book Interest Rate Swaps and Other and other derivative markets have grown and diversified in phenomenal directions. terney.info: Interest Rate Swaps and Other Derivatives (Columbia Business School Publishing) (): Howard Corb: Books. READ [FREE] PDF Interest Rate Swaps and Other Derivatives (Columbia Book details Author: Howard Corb Pages: pages Publisher.

You are on page 1of 13 Search inside document Copyrighted Material Chapter 1 An Introduction to Swaps The interest rate swaps market has experienced tremendous growth since what is commonly regarded as the rst swap was executed in In that year Salomon Brothers intermediated a cross-currency swap between the World Bank and IBM in a transaction that at the time was unique and provided considerable advantage to both counterparties. The growth in the market since then manifests itself not only in the vast increase in the notional outstanding of interest rate swaps but also in the varied users and uses of swaps. The purpose of this chapter is to provide a broad overview of the swaps market. We will focus on products and conventions in the market. The argument then goes that it makes sense for these two guys to borrow funds in their relatively advantaged manner, then get together and swap their cash ows, exchanging xed cash ows for oating ones, and vice versa, should they actually prefer to raise funds in their nonadvantaged manner. But lets leave it at that. These days if someone wants to do a swap, he approaches any one of a number of major swap dealers to do the trade. One measure of the size and growth of the swaps market is to look at how the outstanding notional or ctitious principal on all trades has changed from year to year. Figure 1.

Derivatives are used today by a myriad of institutional investors for the purposes of risk management, expressing a view on the market, and pursuing market opportunities that are otherwise unavailable using more traditional financial instruments. In this volume, Howard Corb explores the concepts behind interest rate swaps and the many derivatives that evolved from them. Corb's book uniquely marries academic rigor and real-world trading experience in a compelling, readable style.

While it is filled with sophisticated formulas and analysis, the volume is geared toward a wide range of readers searching for an in-depth understanding of these markets. It serves as both a textbook for students and a must-have reference book for practitioners. Corb helps readers develop an intuitive feel for these products and their use in the market, providing a detailed introduction to more complicated trades and structures.

Through examples of financial structuring, readers will come away with an understanding of how derivatives products are created and how they can be deconstructed and analyzed effectively.

Howard Corb's comprehensive treatment of interest rate swaps and related derivatives is destined to be the standard source for all professionals and students anxious to learn both concepts and practice. This book is authoritative, accessible, and rich with applications and illustrative examples. Darrell Duffie, Stanford University Finally, a complete and comprehensive derivative textbook that is both commercial and quantitative.

This book is written in a wonderful conversational manner that will appeal to students of many derivative applications—corporations of all sizes, institutional investors of all kinds, public sector borrowers, global regulators, quants and educators at all levels. Howard Corb has really captured everything—the broad array of products and the necessary maths and associated variables—covering both common applications along with all the nuances.

Undoubtedly this book will serve as both a textbook for the inquisitive and a reference book for all practitioners. I have grown with the swaps and derivatives market for the last quarter century and would have valued having this book at my side on many occasions. I commend Corb for creating such an inclusive work. His book clearly captures his passion for the derivatives market and his sincere interest in education. Richard Prager, head of global trading, BlackRock Corb's book uniquely marries academic rigor and real-world trading experience in a compelling, readable style.

Academic Lounge. Preface Acknowledgments List of Abbreviations 1. We will talk about these issues in Section 2.

But hopefully this leaves the impression that the swaps market is pretty big. The traditional uses of swaps include liability hedging, balance sheet management, and asset hedging. The nontraditional uses include speculation, with both macro and relative value trading in the swaps market popular.

That is, investors now use the swaps market itself to express views that they have in the market. In addition, the swaps market has become a benchmark by which the relative richness or cheapness of other asset classes e. We will spend virtually all of our time focusing on interest rate swaps, and we will further restrict our attention to swaps denominated in U. Interest rate swaps are subdivided into two subcategories: a coupon swap or xed-oating swap or plain vanilla swap refers to a swap in which one stream is a xed rate of interest, and the other is a oating rate of interest.

In a basis swap, both streams are oating rates of interest. One counterparty, known as the client, pays a xed rate of interest equal to 1. Each day a number of contributor banks are individually asked by the BBA their perception as to where they could borrow funds for various maturities in the interbank market just prior to a.

For each maturity, the top and bottom quartiles are tossed, and an average of the remaining levels is computed, representing the LIBOR quote for that day. Maturities vary, but are commonly 1, 3, 6, and 12 months. LIBOR is the basic building block of interest rate swaps, a concept we shall discuss further in Chapter 3.

This would not only have served to present a healthier picture of the nancial system than may have existed, but it also would have impacted the valuation of countless securities, contracts, mortgages, and so on, that depended on LIBOR. Subsequent studies discounted no pun intended the hypothesis that banks were underrepresenting their true borrowing costs see, e. In fact, when referring to the payment frequency and day count convention in a standard swap, sometimes people will abbreviate this even further by saying something like semi bond versus threes.

And for counterparties that deal with each other frequently and are comfortable that these standard conventions always apply when they transact swaps with one another, they may not even bother to discuss standard payment and day count conventions before doing a swap. Final payments will occur ve years after the eective date, or start, of the swap. Similarly bn stands for billion.

Example Suppose the swap depicted in Figure 1. Of the ten semiannual periods on the xed side, the last period is from February 13, , to August 13, There are bond days in this semiannual period, and thus the nal xed payment in the swap is 1. There are a total of 92 actual days in this quarterly period.

Once a new issue has been issued, the issue that had previously been the on-the-run is referred to as the old or single old. The issue prior to that is referred to as the double old, and so on. In this case the spread is 21 basis points bps. Oftentimes when people talk about swaps and where swaps are trading, they just talk about swap spreads.

It is implicitly understood that if you actually want to enter into a swap, the swap spread for a given maturity will be added to the yield of the on-the-run Treasury for that maturity to determine the swap rate. A swap rate has economic signicance; it is the unique xed rate in a swap that gives the swap zero value when the swap is rst executed.

A swap spread is just a benchmark that makes it easy to converse about swaps. For example, an investor who is interested in knowing where 5-year swap rates are oered i.

The dealer might respond with either something like 1. If the investor hears 21, then he knows that if he wants to pay xed in the swap, he should expect to pay a rate that is around 21 bps higher than the yield of the on-the-run 5-year Treasury at the time the trade is executed provided that the market for swap spreads doesnt change, of course.

When we talk about a swap in which the oating side is 3-month LIBOR, we focus exclusively on the xed rate in the swap. When an investor is receiving xed in a swap, he wants to receive the highest xed rate he can, 11 A basis point abbreviated bp and pronounced bip in the singular and abbreviated bps and pronounced bips in the plural is one one-hundredth of one percent.

Thus, a bp is 0. So if, for example, the rate 3.