The Project Gutenberg EBook of Uncle Vanya, by Anton Checkov This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions. Uncle Vanya: Scenes from Country Life in Four Acts by Anton Pavlovich Chekhov . No cover available. Download; Bibrec. Uncle Vanya. Anton Chekhov. First published in This web edition published by [email protected] Last updated Wednesday, December 17, at.
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Free PDF, epub, Kindle ebook. Uncle Vanya was first published in and received its Moscow première in in a production by the Moscow Art Theatre. Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle. Details the disappointments of Ivan Voitski ("Uncle Vanya"), who comes to see that he has wasted his life managing the. Details the disappointments of Ivan Voitski ("Uncle Vanya"), who comes to see that he has wasted his life managing the business affairs of his brother-in-law.
It was eruptive typhoid. The peasants were all lying side by side in their huts, and the calves and pigs were running about the floor among the sick.
Such dirt there was, and smoke! I slaved among those people all day, not a crumb passed my lips, but when I got home there was still no rest for me; a switchman was carried in from the railroad; I laid him on the operating table and he went and died in my arms under chloroform, and then my feelings that should have been deadened awoke again, my conscience tortured me as if I had killed the man.
I sat down and closed my eyes—like this—and thought: No, nurse, they will forget. Man is forgetful, but God remembers. Thank you for that. You have spoken the truth. He has been asleep after dinner and looks rather dishevelled. He sits down on the bench and straightens his collar. Have you been asleep? Yes, very much so. I sleep at the wrong time, drink wine, and eat all sorts of messes for luncheon and dinner.
It isn't wholesome. Sonia and I used to work together and never had an idle moment, but now Sonia works alone and I only eat and drink and sleep. Something is wrong. The Professor gets up at twelve, the samovar is kept boiling all the morning, and everything has to wait for him. Before they came we used to have dinner at one o'clock, like everybody else, but now we have it at seven. The Professor sits up all night writing and reading, and suddenly, at two o'clock, there goes the bell!
Heavens, what is that? The Professor wants some tea! Wake the servants, light the samovar! Lord, what disorder! Will they be here long? A hundred years! The Professor has decided to make his home here. Look at this now! The samovar has been on the table for two hours, and they are all out walking! All right, don't get excited; here they come. Download Links for 'Uncle Vanya': Categories All ebooks. About F. Then will you have a little vodka instead? No, I don't drink vodka every day, and besides, it is too hot now.
Thesaurus avenue: n road, route, sort, path, bed, crib, to lash a hammock, white poplar, angiospermous tree, passage, approach, way, means, stretcher, shakedown, litter, gray poplar, flowering tree, black boulevard, course, lane. Lord--help me to remember. You first came here, into our parts--let me think--when was it?
Sonia's mother was still alive--it was two winters before she died; that was eleven years ago-[thoughtfully] perhaps more. Have I changed much since then? Oh, yes. You were handsome and young then, and now you are an old man and not handsome any more. You drink, too. Yes, ten years have made me another man. And why? Because I am overworked.
Nurse, I am on my feet from dawn till dusk. I know no rest; at night I tremble under my blankets for fear of being dragged out to visit some one who is sick; I have toiled without repose or a day's freedom since I have known you; could I help growing old? And then, existence is tedious, anyway; it is a senseless, dirty business, this life, and goes heavily.
Every one about here is silly, and after living with them for two or three years one grows silly oneself. It is inevitable. A foolish, long moustache. Yes, I am as silly as the rest, nurse, but not as stupid; no, I have not grown stupid. Thank God, my brain is not addled yet, though my feelings have grown numb. I ask nothing, I need nothing, I love no one, unless it is yourself alone. Don't you want a bite of something to eat?
During the third week of Lent I went to the epidemic at Malitskoi. It was eruptive typhoid. The peasants were all lying side by side in their huts, and the calves and pigs were running about the floor among the sick.
Such dirt there was, and smoke! I slaved among those people all day, Thesaurus addled: adj muddled, bewildered, n composure, ease, quiet, leisure, shudder, thrill, palpitate; adj, v recreation, relaxation; v lay. ANTONYMS: awful, terrible, inexpressible, nasty, overworked: adj hackneyed, tired, adj meaningful, wise, conscious, horrible, atrocious, indefinable, shocking; adj, v unutterable.
Anton Chekhov 7 not a crumb passed my lips, but when I got home there was still no rest for me; a switchman was carried in from the railroad; I laid him on the operating table and he went and died in my arms under chloroform, and then my feelings that should have been deadened awoke again, my conscience tortured me as if I had killed the man.
I sat down and closed my eyes--like this--and thought: will our descendants two hundred years from now, for whom we are breaking the road, remember to give us a kind word? No, nurse, they will forget. Man is forgetful, but God remembers. Thank you for that. You have spoken the truth.
He has been asleep after dinner and looks rather dishevelled. He sits down on the bench and straightens his collar. Have you been asleep? Yes, very much so. I sleep at the wrong time, drink wine, and eat all sorts of messes for luncheon and dinner.
It isn't wholesome. Sonia and I used to work together and never had an idle moment, but now Sonia works alone and I only eat and drink and sleep.
Something is wrong. The Professor gets up at twelve, the samovar is kept boiling all the morning, and everything has to wait for him.
Before they came we used to have dinner at one o'clock, like everybody else, but now we have it at seven. The Professor sits up all night Thesaurus chloroform: adj anaesthetic agent, dishevelled: adj untidy, tousled, tram road, tramway, rails, doctrine; opium, ether; n put under, chloral; v dragoon, push, coerce, bully, messy, blowzy, rough, frowsy, v deaden, anesthetize, anaesthetize.
ANTONYMS: adj without sensation, duller, unfeeling, watchful, alert, remembering, unwholesome, unhealthy, impure, under, frozen, insensible, insensitive, retentive. Heavens, what is that?
The Professor wants some tea! Wake the servants, light the samovar! Lord, what disorder! Will they be here long? A hundred years! The Professor has decided to make his home here.
Look at this now! The samovar has been on the table for two hours, and they are all out walking! All right, don't get excited; here they come. What beautiful views!
They are wonderful, your Excellency. To-morrow we shall go into the woods, shall we, papa? Ladies and gentlemen, tea is ready. Won't you please be good enough to send my tea into the library? I still have some work to finish. I am sure you will love the woods. Thesaurus approaching: adj future, derange, confuse, perturb. ANTONYMS: n, v order; n forthcoming, impending, imminent, oncoming, near; adj, n coming; n, v orderliness, calm, peace, tranquility, approach; adv nearly, almost; prep health; v organize, align, arrange, toward.
ANTONYMS: disorder: n, v ailment, disarray, adj cool, unexcited, bored, tranquil, disease, jumble, muddle; n clutter, easygoing, disappointed, despairing, disturbance, disarrangement; v comatose, apathetic, sedate, composed. There goes our learned scholar on a hot, sultry day like this, in his overcoat and goloshes and carrying an umbrella!
He is trying to take good care of his health.
How lovely she is! How lovely! I have never in my life seen a more beautiful woman. Do you know, Marina, that as I walk in the fields or in the shady garden, as I look at this table here, my heart swells with unbounded happiness.
The weather is enchanting, the birds are singing, we are all living in peace and contentment--what more could the soul desire? Come, Ivan, tell us something. Haven't you any news for us? No, it is all stale. I am just the same as usual, or perhaps worse, because I have become lazy. I don't do anything now but croak like an old raven. My mother, the old magpie, is still chattering about the emancipation of woman, with one eye on her grave and the other on her learned books, in which she is always looking for the dawn of a new life.
And the Professor? Thesaurus chattering: n chatter, cackle, yak, ANTONYMS: adj unhappy, harry, eat; n crow, plunder; adj grabbing, claver; adj talkative, black, jet; n, v gorge. ANTONYMS: adj fresh, cool, cold, murmur, complain, conk, maunder, mag, babbler, chatterer, prater, growl, perish, expire, decease; n cotinga, accumulator; v parrot, poll.
He ought to write his autobiography; he would make a really splendid subject for a book! Imagine it, the life of a retired professor, as stale as a piece of hardtack, tortured by gout, headaches, and rheumatism, his liver bursting with jealousy and envy, living on the estate of his first wife, although he hates it, because he can't afford to live in town.
He is everlastingly whining about his hard lot, though, as a matter of fact, he is extraordinarily lucky. He is the son of a common deacon and has attained the professor's chair, become the son-in-law of a senator, is called "your Excellency," and so on. But I'll tell you something; the man has been writing on art for twenty-five years, and he doesn't know the very first thing about it. For twenty-five years he has been chewing on other men's thoughts about realism, naturalism, and all such foolishness; for twenty-five years he has been reading and writing things that clever men have long known and stupid ones are not interested in; for twenty-five years he has been making his imaginary mountains out of molehills.
And just think of the man's selfconceit and presumption all this time! For twenty-five years he has been masquerading in false clothes and has now retired absolutely unknown to any living soul; and yet see him! I believe you envy him. Yes, I do. Look at the success he has had with women! Don Juan himself was not more favoured. His first wife, who was my sister, was a beautiful, gentle being, as pure as the blue heaven there above us, noble, great-hearted, with Thesaurus everlastingly: adv perpetually, always, lastingly, continually, endlessly, unendingly, incessantly, permanently, constantly, undyingly; adj, adv forever.
Anton Chekhov 11 more admirers than he has pupils, and she loved him as only beings of angelic purity can love those who are as pure and beautiful as themselves. His mother-in-law, my mother, adores him to this day, and he still inspires a sort of worshipful awe in her. His second wife is, as you see, a brilliant beauty; she married him in his old age and has surrendered all the glory of her beauty and freedom to him.
What for? Is she faithful to him? Yes, unfortunately she is. Why unfortunately? Because such fidelity is false and unnatural, root and branch. It sounds well, but there is no logic in it. It is thought immoral for a woman to deceive an old husband whom she hates, but quite moral for her to strangle her poor youth in her breast and banish every vital d esire from her heart. Listen, Vanya; every one who betrays husband or wife is faithless, and could also betray his country.
No, allow me, Vanya. My wife ran away with a lover on the day after our wedding, because my exterior was unprepossessing. I have never failed in my duty since then.
I love her and am true to her to this day. I help her all I can and have given my fortune to educate the daughter of herself and her lover. I have forfeited my happiness, but I have kept my pride. And she? Her Thesaurus angelic: adj cherubic, heavenly, seraphic, virtuous, celestial, beautiful, angelical, divine, good, holy, saintly. What has she kept?
She sits down and begins to read. Some one hands her a glass of tea which she drinks without looking up. Go and see what they want. I shall pour the tea. I have come to see your husband. You wrote me that he had rheumatism and I know not what else, and that he was very ill, but he appears to be as lively as a cricket.
He had a fit of the blues yesterday evening and complained of pains in his legs, but he seems all right again to-day.
And I galloped over here twenty miles at break-neck speed! No matter, though, it is not the first time. Oh, splendid! You so seldom spend the night with us. Have you had dinner yet? So you will have it with us.
We dine at seven now. Thesaurus according: adj pursuant, consonant, grub, consume, entertain. ANTONYMS: adj lethargic, listless, equal, agreeable, harmonious, drinks: n refreshments, food and conformable, consistent, inactive, unexciting, lifeless, corresponding, respondent; adv drink. Yes, the samovar has grown cold. Don't mind, Monsieur Ivan, we will drink cold tea, then. I beg your pardon, my name is not Ivan, but Ilia, ma'am--Ilia Telegin, or Waffles, as I am sometimes called on account of my pock-marked face.
I am Sonia's godfather, and his Excellency, your husband, knows me very well. I now live with you, ma'am, on this estate, and perhaps you will be so good as to notice that I dine with you every day. He is our great help, our right-hand man. What is it, grandmother? He has sent me a new pamphlet. Is it interesting? Yes, but strange. He refutes the very theories which he defended seven years ago. It is appalling! There is nothing appalling about it. Drink your tea, mamma.
It seems you never want to listen to what I have to say. Pardon me, Jean, but Thesaurus appalling: adj, v shocking, grim, gangster, executive; v christen.
ANTONYMS: adj pleasant, dam, grandmamma, father's mother, right-hand: adj righthand, right, admirable, lovely, encouraging, paternal grandmother, hag. I had an illuminating personality, which illuminated no one. You couldn't say anything more biting. I am forty-seven years old. Until last year I endeavoured, as you do now, to blind my eyes by your pedantry to the truths of life. But now--Oh, if you only knew! If you knew how I lie awake at night, heartsick and angry, to think how stupidly I have wasted my time when I might have been winning from life everything which my old age now forbids.
Uncle Vanya, how dreary! You have forgotten that a conviction, in itself, is nothing but a dead letter. You should have done something. Done something! What do you mean by that? Uncle Vanya! I entreat you! I am silent. I apologise and am silent. What a fine day! Not too hot. A fine day to hang oneself. Thesaurus dreary: adj depressing, drab, dull, cheerless, drear, miserable, gloomy, dark, dismal, stuffy, disconsolate.
Chick, chick, chick! What did the peasants want, nurse? The same old thing, the same old nonsense. Why are you calling the chickens? The speckled hen has disappeared with her chicks. I am afraid the crows have got her. All listen in silence. Is the doctor here?
Where are you from? The factory. There is nothing for it, then, but to go. Yes, it is too bad, really. You must come back to dinner from the factory. No, I won't be able to do that. It will be too late. However, let me bid you good-bye, ladies and gentlemen. My estate is small, but if you are interested in such things I should like to show you a nursery and seed-bed whose like you will not find within a thousand miles of here.
My place is surrounded by government forests. The forester is old and always ailing, so I superintend almost all the work myself. I have always heard that you were very fond of the woods. Of course one can do a great deal of good by helping to preserve them, but does not that work interfere with your real calling? God alone knows what a man's real calling is. And do you find it interesting? Yes, very.
You are still young, not over thirty-six or seven, I should say, and I suspect that the woods do not interest you as much as you say they do. I should think you would find them monotonous.
No, the work is thrilling. Astroff watches over the old woods and sets out new plantations every year, and he has already received a diploma and a bronze medal. If you will listen to what he can tell you, you will agree with him entirely. He says that forests are the ornaments of the earth, that they Thesaurus ailing: adj sickly, poorly, ill, unwell, bad, indisposed, unhealthy, invalid, morbid, weak; n illness. ANTONYMS: adj exciting, sensational, exhilarating, electrifying, varied, stimulating, lively, exotic, emotional, rousing, gripping, stimulating; adj, v impressive; n, v enthralling, brilliant, flexible.
Anton Chekhov 17 teach mankind to understand beauty and attune his mind to lofty sentiments. Forests temper a stern climate, and in countries where the climate is milder, less strength is wasted in the battle with nature, and the people are kind and gentle.
The inhabitants of such countries are handsome, tractable, sensitive, graceful in speech and gesture. All that is very pretty, but it is also unconvincing. You can burn peat in your stoves and build your sheds of stone. Oh, I don't object, of course, to cutting wood from necessity, but why destroy the forests? The woods of Russia are trembling under the blows of the axe. Millions of trees have perished. The homes of the wild animals and birds have been desolated; the rivers are shrinking, and many beautiful landscapes are gone forever.
Because men are too lazy and stupid to stoop down and pick up their fuel from the ground. Who but a stupid barbarian could burn so much beauty in his stove and destroy that which he cannot make? Man is endowed with reason and the power to create, so that he may increase that which has been given him, but until now he has not created, but demolished.
The forests are disappearing, the rivers are running dry, the game is exterminated, the climate is spoiled, and the earth becomes poorer and uglier every day.
But when I pass peasant-forests that I have preserved from the axe, or hear the rustling of the young plantations set out with my own hands, I feel as if I had had some small share in improving the climate, and that if mankind is happy a thousand years from now I will have been a little bit responsible for their happiness. When I plant a little birch tree and then see it budding into young green and swaying in the wind, Thesaurus attune: v fit, tune, accommodate, reconcile, modulate, key, coordinate, adapt, harmonize, conform, tune up.
Probably it is all nonsense, anyway. SONIA takes his arm and goes with him. When are you coming to see us again? I can't say. In a month?
You have behaved shockingly again. Really, your behaviour is too petty. But if I hate him? You hate Alexander without reason; he is like every one else, and no worse than you are. If you could only see your face, your gestures! Oh, how tedious your life must be. It is tedious, yes, and dreary! You all abuse my husband and look on me with compassion; you think, "Poor woman, she is married to an old man. As Astroff said just now, see how you thoughtlessly destroy the forests, so that there will soon be none left.
So you also destroy mankind, and soon fidelity and purity and self-sacrifice will Thesaurus fidelity: n constancy, devotion, dry. ANTONYMS: adv faithfulness, adherence, allegiance, varied, easy, readable, lively, loyalty, faith, dedication, exactness; pleasantly, commendably, entertaining, enthralling, brisk, adj, n honesty, truth. Anton Chekhov 19 have vanished with the woods.
Why cannot you look calmly at a woman unless she is yours? Because, the doctor was right, you are all possessed by a devil of destruction; you have no mercy on the woods or the birds or on women or on one another. I don't like your philosophy.
That doctor has a sensitive, weary face--an interesting face. Sonia evidently likes him, and she is in love with him, and I can understand it. This is the third time he has been here since I have come, and I have not had a real talk with him yet or made much of him. He thinks I am disagreeable. Do you know, Ivan, the reason you and I are such friends?
I think it is because we are both lonely and unfortunate. Yes, unfortunate. Don't look at me in that way, I don't like it. How can I look at you otherwise when I love you? You are my joy, my life, and my youth.
I know that my chances of being loved in return are infinitely small, do not exist, but I ask nothing of you. Hush, some one will overhear you. This is agony! ANTONYMS: adv anxiously, hysterically, nervously, agitatedly, uncontrollably, histrionically, restlessly, frantically, irritably, emotionally, tensely.
ANTONYMS: adj pleasant, friendly, overhear: v catch, eavesdrop, listen, amiable, inoffensive, acceptable, overheard, understand, fold up, desirable, easygoing, happy, befool, fascinate, entrance, enchant, pleasing, sweet, nice.
ANTONYMS: adj immensely, immeasurably, boundlessly, enormously, energetic, fresh, lively, untiring, hopeful, refreshed; v refresh, unboundedly, hugely, ceaselessly, unendingly; adj, adv incalculably. It is night. Is it you, Sonia? It is I. Oh, it is you, Nelly. This pain is intolerable. Your shawl has slipped down. No, leave it open; I am suffocating.
I dreamt just now that my left leg belonged to some one else, and it hurt so that I woke. I don't believe this is gout, it is more like rheumatism. What time is it? Thesaurus dining-room: n canteen, restaurant. ANTONYMS: adj bearable, adj, n evil; n, v wound, pain, ache, tolerable, acceptable, reasonable, distress; n disadvantage, lesion; v nice, understandable, lovable, afflict; adj, v injure. Half past twelve. I want you to look for Batushka's works in the library to-morrow. I think we have him.
What is that? Look for Batushka to-morrow morning; we used to have him, I remember. Why do I find it so hard to breathe? You are tired; this is the second night you have had no sleep. They say that Turgenieff got angina of the heart from gout. I am afraid I am getting angina too. Oh, damn this horrible, accursed old age! Ever since I have been old I have been hateful to myself, and I am sure, hateful to you all as well.
You speak as if we were to blame for your being old. I am more hateful to you than to any one. You are quite right, of course. I am not an idiot; I can understand you. You are young and healthy and beautiful, and longing for life, and I am an old dotard, almost a dead man already. Don't I know it? Of course I see that it is foolish for me to live so long, but wait!
I shall soon set you all free. My life cannot drag on much longer. Thesaurus accursed: adj execrable, abominable, ANTONYMS: v suffocate, hide, detestable, accurst, hateful, damned, choke, asphyxiate, drain, die, inhale.
You are overtaxing my powers of endurance. Be quiet, for God's sake! It appears that, thanks to me, everybody's power of endurance is being overtaxed; everybody is miserable, only I am blissfully triumphant. Oh, yes, of course! Be quiet!
You are torturing me. I torture everybody. Of course. Tell me, what is it you want me to do? Then be quiet, please. It is funny that everybody listens to Ivan and his old idiot of a mother, but the moment I open my lips you all begin to feel ill-treated.
You can't even stand the sound of my voice. Even if I am hateful, even if I am a selfish tyrant, haven't I the right to be one at my age? Haven't I deserved it? Haven't I, I ask you, the right to be respected, now that I am old? No one is disputing your rights. Your rights have never been questioned by anybody. I have spent my life working in the interests of learning. I am used to my Thesaurus blissfully: adv gladly, joyfully, blessedly, delightfully, joyously, cheerfully, ecstatically, merrily, delightedly, gleefully, contentedly.
ANTONYMS: n weakness, inconsistency, impatience, tyrant: n dictator, oppressor, frailty, discontinuation, autocrat, disciplinarian, bully, discontinuance, death.
ANTONYMS: crucifixion, torment, agony, anguish, adj bearable, manageable, dismemberment; adj harrowing, imperceptible, tolerable, wonderful, agonizing, torturesome, agonising. Now I suddenly find myself plunged in this wilderness, condemned to see the same stupid people from morning till night and listen to their futile conversation.
I want to live; I long for success and fame and the stir of the world, and here I am in exile! Oh, it is dreadful to spend every moment grieving for the lost past, to see the success of others and sit here with nothing to do but to fear death. I cannot stand it! It is more than I can bear. And you will not even forgive me for being old! Wait, have patience; I shall he old myself in four or five years. Father, you sent for Dr.
Astroff, and now when he comes you refuse to see him. It is not nice to give a man so much trouble for nothing. What do I care about your Astroff? He understands medicine about as well as I understand astronomy.
We can't send for the whole medical faculty, can we, to treat your gout? I won't talk to that madman!
Do as you please. It's all the same to me. One o'clock. It is stifling in here. Sonia, hand me that bottle on the table. Thesaurus astronomy: n astrology, astrometry, hopeless, meaningless, vain, hollow. Here it is. Can't you understand me? Can't I ask you to do a thing? Please don't be captious with me.
Some people may like it, but you must spare me, if you please, because I don't. Besides, I haven't the time; we are cutting the hay to-morrow and I must get up early. A thunderstorm is coming up. Go to bed, Helena and Sonia.
I have come to take your place.