Integrated P.G. Degree Programmes awarded by the Annamalai .. The filled in Online application should be downloaded and sent with all. through the University's renowned Distance Education Centre with .. Students: Entrance/Course Application fees concession is granted to. Click and download the prospectus and read all the instruction before proceeding to fill the application. course (M.A.,terney.info,M.C.A.,M.B.A.,terney.info,M. terney.info
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The Directorate of Distance Education, Annamalai University was established in and write up the diary pages that you will find at the end of this Prospectus. can be downloaded terney.info Programmes, unless otherwise specified. Madurai Kamaraj University started correspondence courses as early as. Soon Annamalai and Madras Universities followed by establishing directorates. Annamalai University, one of the largest unitary, teaching, and residential universities in various UG and PG Programmes, besides serving the rural population through its through its Directorate of Distance Education, it takes education to the .. Hall ticket and Examination schedule can be downloaded from our website.
So I looked around I found that Annamalai to be a better option as it is one of the reputed universities in south India and has wider recognition than other c Com Computer ApplicationsB. Ramnarain Ruia College Mumbai aicte. During interview process for Master of Social Work selection process, so much of questions to be tackled and gone through out with flying colours.
The duration the courses is two academic years comprising of four semesters for Full Time and three academic years comprising of six semesters for Part-Time. Sc program is four academic years and two years respectively.
The course is offered by various departments under different names such as MA, M. Annamalai University Integrated M.
Ed is conducted in two languages — English and Tamil whereas medium of instruction for M. Admission of candidates to the B. Sc Hotel Management M. D in Computer Applications Other. There are no entrance exams as such to get admission into the course. The application and prospectus for all these courses can be obtained from the university, study centres or online. Mode of application is online. Applications are invited for M. The syllabus is awesome and the in classroom project made student study.
Annamalai University Under Graduate Programs: Admissions begin at Annamalai University One of the pioneers in distance education, the Annamalai University offers a slew of undergraduate, diploma, special degree, postgraduate and even doctoral courses through the distance learning mode. It has been surrounded by controversies right from its introduction, has faced a lot of backlash from state boards, but still has been surviving.
Candidates must have passed the graduation degree in the relevant subjects to apply for the post graduate course. Against this background, the current study, first of its kind, was undertaken to map the institutions offering courses to develop industrial hygienists, estimating the requirement of such integral occupational health manpower and to design competencies and curriculum for such a course.
The internet search was conducted using the Google and PubMed search engines with the aim to map the courses being offered in industrial hygiene IH. A set of key words encompassing various domains related to occupational health manpower in India was identified. The websites of the Ministry of Environment and Ministry of Labor were searched using the key words of the identified subjects and training programs.
The website of the Directorate General, Factory Advice, and Labor Institutes, India[ 2 ] was also accessed for information on training programs. Detailed information about the courses was collected from the respective institutions or from the designated websites of these institutions. Short-term courses offered by various institutions, lasting from a few days to a few weeks were disregarded and not included in the matrix.
To develop the competencies and curriculum for the IH course, an in-depth and detailed literature review of the existing industrial hygienist courses was undertaken. Indexed and nonindexed journals in the field were identified and searched for notifications and invitation of nominations for educational courses. Key institutes involved in research in occupational health were identified from the author affiliations. Key cross-references were also identified from the articles and referred for relevant information.
As the issue is concerned with the safety of the workers and in Indian scenario in many places the role of industrial hygienist is fulfilled by safety officers, the norms for safety officers mentioned in the act were considered for estimating the need of industrial hygienists in the country.
The courses on the IH being offered in India are shown in Table 1. Table 1 Open in a separate window A masters course offered by Institute of science, training and advanced research, Sardar Patel University, Vallabh Vidhyanagar in collaboration with the University of Cincinnati is the only full-time course.
The distance learning Diploma in IH offered by Annamalai University[ 6 ] includes hazards in work places; health at work and risk analysis; industry, individual and society and management of occupational hygiene, health and safety as part of their curriculum. The total workforce in the organized sector in India is Sadly, there is no statistics available for these industrial hygienists employed in the factories. Although there are no norms for the industrial hygienist, the norms for safety officers mentioned in the Indian factories act were considered for estimating the need of industrial hygienists in the country[ 3 ] as the issue is concerned with the safety of the workers and in Indian scenario in many places the role of industrial hygienist is fulfilled by safety officers.
These factories have employed safety officers[ 2 ] who might be doing the additional job of IH in respective factories. Thus it is estimated that for Furthermore, there is little quantitative data available regarding the extent of supply of industrial hygienists available in the country. However on the basis of number of students admitted for each course, duration since the course is running and the number of organizations offering full-time courses, it is estimated that there are about — qualified industrial hygienists.
The detailed literature review revealed that the courses offered are grossly insufficient to fulfill the need of industrial hygienists in the country, and more such courses are needed. Together with the imperative to ensure the health, safety, optimum working capacity and the well-being of the working population, these imbalances create an urgent need to scale up the number and quality of industrial hygienists.
The trained industrial hygienists should have competencies such as determining appropriate sampling strategy for air sampling and instrumental analysis; knowledge and application of scientific concepts from basic sciences; identification, evaluation and recommendation of appropriate control for biohazards, radiation hazards and heat stress; knowledge of principles and techniques of epidemiology and biostatistics; understanding of toxic characteristics of hazardous materials and wastes and the concepts of dose-response relationship; recommendation and application of engineering control and ventilation; identification, evaluation and recommendation for control technology to mitigate ergonomically related hazards; conducting health risk analysis and health communication; and management of industrial hazards.
The employees engaged in these occupations are at risk of developing debilitating and disabling musculoskeletal disorders and chronic lifestyle diseases due to more sedentary nature of work. Many occupational diseases can be prevented by regular monitoring of environmental factors causing them and acting to keep these factors within permissible levels. Industrial hygiene also referred to as occupational hygiene has been defined as the science of protecting and enhancing the health and safety of people at work and in their communities.
The practice of IH is commonly described as the science and art devoted to the anticipation, recognition, evaluation, prevention, and control of those environmental factors or stresses, arising in or from the workplace, which may cause sickness, impaired health and well-being, or significant discomfort among workers or the citizens of the community.
Some of the chemicals used are potentially carcinogenic. Moreover, poor control technology has also aggravated the problems of pollution within and outside the work places.
To deal with such problems and to find out the appropriate, feasible and cost effective solution, there is a vital need of the services of the industrial hygienist in the country.
Such academically qualified professionals are scarcely available in India at present. Further the Indian factories act also mentions that the maximum permissible threshold limits of exposure of chemical and toxic substances in manufacturing processes whether hazardous or otherwise in any factory shall be of the value indicated in the second schedule. One important reason for that can most likely be the scarcity of the industrial hygienist to carry out regular environmental monitoring.
Furthermore, the courses on occupational health although include some modules on IH, it is only meant for sensitization of the students rather than to develop expertise in IH. In India, in most of the industries, this role is performed by professionals graduated in environmental sciences, physicians, chemists, physicists and safety officers. After getting practical experience in this field and basic training or orientation in IH, they perform the duties of industrial hygienists in the country.
More often, they are scientists or engineers drawn from different disciplines with on-job training in the field.