Browse the complete listing of The Chronicles of Narnia books, Narnia ebooks, and Narnia box sets by C. S. Lewis. The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe: Full Color Edition The Voyage of the Dawn Treader: Full Color Edition · The Silver Chair: Full Color Edition · The Last Battle: Full Color Edition. The Chronicles of Narnia is a series of seven fantasy novels by C. S. Lewis. Written by Lewis . The manuscript for The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe was complete by The last two books (The Magician's Nephew and The Last Battle) were The Silver Chair is the first Narnia book not involving the Pevensie children. Set in the fictional realm of Narnia, a fantasy world of magic, mythical beasts, and talking animals, the series narrates the adventures of various children.
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This collection contains all seven books in the classic fantasy series The Chronicles of Narnia without art, to appeal to older readers. This special ebook e. . The Chronicles of Narnia Complete 7-Book Collection: All and millions of . from the third Narnia movie, The Voyage of the Dawn Treader, and the books The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe (Widescreen. The Chronicles of Narnia Complete 7-Book Collection: All and millions of other books are . The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe (The Chronicles of Narnia).
Born the eldest son and heir of King Lune of Archenland, and elder twin of Prince Corin, Cor was kidnapped as an infant and raised as a fisherman's son in Calormen. With the help of the talking horse Bree, Shasta escapes from being sold into slavery and makes his way northward to Narnia.
On the journey his companion Aravis learns of an imminent Calormene surprise attack on Archenland; Shasta warns the Archenlanders in time and discovers his true identity and original name. At the end of the story he marries Aravis and becomes King of Archenland.
Escaping a forced betrothal to the loathsome Ahoshta, she joins Shasta on his journey and inadvertently overhears a plot by Rabadash, crown prince of Calormen, to invade Archenland. She later marries Shasta, now known as Prince Cor, and becomes queen of Archenland at his side. A Talking Horse of Narnia, he wandered into Calormen as a foal and was captured. He first appears as a Calormene nobleman's war-horse; when the nobleman downloads Shasta as a slave, Bree organises and carries out their joint escape.
Though friendly, he is also vain and a braggart until his encounter with Aslan late in the story. Having rashly killed a Calormene for mistreating a Narnian Talking Horse, he is imprisoned by the villainous ape Shift but released by Eustace and Jill.
Together they fight faithfully to the last and are welcomed into Aslan's Kingdom. In The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe , she is the witch responsible for the freezing of Narnia resulting in the Hundred Year Winter; she turns her enemies into statues and kills Aslan on the Stone Table, but is killed by him in battle after his resurrection.
In The Magician's Nephew she is wakened from a magical sleep by Digory in the dead world of Charn and inadvertently brought to Victorian London before being transported to Narnia, where she steals an apple to grant her the gift of immortality.
King Miraz is the lead villain of Prince Caspian. Prior to the book's opening he has killed King Caspian IX, father of the titular Prince Caspian, and usurped his throne as king of the Telmarine colonizers in Narnia.
He raises Caspian as his heir, but seeks to kill him after his own son is born. As the story progresses he leads the Telmarine war against the Old Narnian rebellion; he is defeated in single combat by Peter and then murdered by one of his own lords. She rules an underground kingdom through magical mind-control. She encounters the protagonists on their quest and sends them astray.
Confronted by them later, she attempts to enslave them magically; when that fails, she attacks them in the form of a serpent and is killed. Hot-headed, arrogant, and entitled, he brings Susan Pevensie, with a small retinue including Edmund Pevensie, to Calormen in the hope of marrying her. When the Narnians escape his clutches, he attacks Archenland with the intention of establishing a base from which to raid Narnia and take Susan back, but his plan is foiled by Shasta and Aravis warning the Archenlanders.
He is captured by Edmund and transformed into a donkey by Aslan as a punishment. Shift is the most prominent villain of The Last Battle. He is an elderly Talking Ape — Lewis does not specify what kind of ape, but Pauline Baynes' illustrations depict him as a chimpanzee. He loses control of the situation due to over-indulging in alcohol , and is eventually swallowed up by the evil Calormene god Tash.
The Chronicles of Narnia describes the world in which Narnia exists as one major landmass encircled by an ocean. This ocean contains the islands explored in The Voyage of the Dawn Treader. On the main landmass Lewis places the countries of Narnia, Archenland, Calormen, and Telmar , along with a variety of other areas that are not described as countries.
The author also provides glimpses of more fantastic locations that exist in and around the main world of Narnia, including an edge and an underworld. Lewis's early life has parallels with The Chronicles of Narnia. At the age of seven, he moved with his family to a large house on the edge of Belfast. Its long hallways and empty rooms inspired Lewis and his brother to invent make-believe worlds whilst exploring their home, an activity reflected in Lucy's discovery of Narnia in The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe.
The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe felt that the books' plots adhere to the archetypal " monomyth " pattern as detailed in Joseph Campbell 's The Hero with a Thousand Faces. Lewis was widely read in medieval Celtic literature , an influence reflected throughout the books, and most strongly in The Voyage of the Dawn Treader. The entire book imitates one of the immrama , a type of traditional Old Irish tale that combines elements of Christianity and Irish mythology to tell the story of a hero's sea journey to the Otherworld.
Michael Ward 's book Planet Narnia  proposes that each of the seven books related to one of the seven moving heavenly bodies or "planets" known in the Middle Ages according to the Ptolemaic geocentric model of cosmology a theme to which Lewis returned habitually throughout his work.
At that time, each of these heavenly bodies was believed to have certain attributes, and Ward contends that these attributes were deliberately but subtly used by Lewis to furnish elements of the stories of each book:.
Lewis's interest in the literary symbolism of medieval and Renaissance astrology is more overtly referenced in other works such as his study of medieval cosmology The Discarded Image , and in his early poetry as well as in Space Trilogy.
Narnia scholar Paul F. Ford finds Ward's assertion that Lewis intended The Chronicles to be an embodiment of medieval astrology implausible, : Ford argues that Lewis did not start with a coherent plan for the books, but Ward's book answers this by arguing that the astrological associations grew in the writing:.
A quantitative analysis on the imagery in the different books of The Chronicles gives mixed support to Ward's thesis: Most clearly, Digory explicitly invokes Plato's name at the end of The Last Battle , to explain how the old version of Narnia is but a shadow of the newly revealed "true" Narnia.
Like Duessa, she falsely styles herself Queen; she leads astray the erring Edmund with false temptations; she turns people into stone as Duessa turns them into trees. Both villains wear opulent robes and deck their conveyances out with bells. Lewis read Edith Nesbit 's children's books as a child and was greatly fond of them. This novel focuses on four children living in London who discover a magic amulet.
Their father is away and their mother is ill, as is the case with Digory. They manage to transport the queen of ancient Babylon to London and she is the cause of a riot; likewise, Polly and Digory transport Queen Jadis to London, sparking a very similar incident.
The Chronicles of Narnia is considered a classic of children's literature. The Chronicles of Narnia has been a significant influence on both adult and children's fantasy literature in the post-World War II era. In , the scholar Susan Cornell Poskanzer praised Lewis for his "strangely powerful fantasies". Pullman is a self-described atheist who wholly rejects the spiritual themes that permeate The Chronicles , yet his series nonetheless addresses many of the same issues and introduces some similar character types, including talking animals.
In another parallel, the first books in each series — Pullman's Northern Lights and The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe — both open with a young girl hiding in a wardrobe. Bill Willingham 's comic book series Fables makes reference at least twice to a king called "The Great Lion", a thinly veiled reference to Aslan.
The series avoids explicitly referring to any characters or works that are not in the public domain. The novel Bridge to Terabithia by Katherine Paterson has Leslie, one of the main characters, reveal to Jesse her love of Lewis's books, subsequently lending him The Chronicles of Narnia so that he can learn how to behave like a king.
Her book also features the island name "Terabithia", which sounds similar to Terebinthia , a Narnian island that appears in Prince Caspian and The Voyage of the Dawn Treader. Katherine Paterson herself acknowledges that Terabithia is likely to be derived from Terebinthia:. I thought I had made it up.
Lewis, I realized that I had probably gotten it from the island of Terebinthia in that book. However, Lewis probably got that name from the Terebinth tree in the Bible, so both of us pinched from somewhere else, probably unconsciously. Science-fiction author Greg Egan 's short story "Oracle" depicts a parallel universe in which an author nicknamed Jack Lewis's nickname has written novels about the fictional "Kingdom of Nesica", and whose wife is dying of cancer, paralleling the death of Lewis's wife Joy Davidman.
Several Narnian allegories are also used to explore issues of religion and faith versus science and knowledge. Lev Grossman 's New York Times best-seller The Magicians is a contemporary dark fantasy about an unusually gifted young man obsessed with Fillory, the magical land of his favourite childhood books.
Fillory is a thinly veiled substitute for Narnia, and clearly the author expects it to be experienced as such. Not only is the land home to many similar talking animals and mythical creatures, it is also accessed through a grandfather clock in the home of an uncle to whom five English children are sent during World War II. Moreover, the land is ruled by two Aslan-like rams named Ember and Umber, and terrorised by The Watcherwoman.
She, like the White Witch, freezes the land in time. The book's plot revolves heavily around a place very like the "wood between the worlds" from The Magician's Nephew , an interworld waystation in which pools of water lead to other lands.
This reference to The Magician's Nephew is echoed in the title of the book. Rowling , author of the Harry Potter series, has said that she was a fan of the works of Lewis as a child, and cites the influence of The Chronicles on her work: A lot of the humour comes from collisions between the magic and the everyday worlds.
Generally there isn't much humour in the Narnia books, although I adored them when I was a child. I got so caught up I didn't think CS Lewis was especially preachy. Reading them now I find that his subliminal message isn't very subliminal. The comic book series Pakkins' Land by Gary and Rhoda Shipman in which a young child is finds himself in a magical world filled with talking animals, including a lion character named King Aryah, has been compared favorably to the Narnia series.
The Shipmans have cited the influence of C. Lewis and the Narnia series in response to reader letters. As with any popular long-lived work, contemporary culture abounds with references to the lion Aslan, travelling via wardrobe and direct mentions of The Chronicles.
Examples include:. Charlotte Staples Lewis , a character first seen early in the fourth season of the TV series Lost , is named in reference to C. Lost producer Damon Lindelof said that this was a clue to the direction the show would take during the season.
The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe at a cinema. It was described by Slate magazine as one of the most culturally significant Saturday Night Live skits in many years, and an important commentary on the state of rap. During interviews, the primary creator of the Japanese anime and gaming series Digimon has said that he was inspired and influenced by The Chronicles of Narnia.
A convert to Christianity in later life, Lewis had authored a number of works on Christian apologetics and other literature with Christian-based themes before writing the Narnia books. The character Aslan is widely accepted by literary academia as being based on Jesus Christ. Lewis maintained that the Narnia books were not allegorical, preferring to term their Christian aspects a "supposition".
The Chronicles have, consequently, a large Christian following, and are widely used to promote Christian ideas. However, some Christians object that The Chronicles promote "soft-sell paganism and occultism" due to recurring pagan imagery and themes. In later years, both Lewis and the Chronicles have been criticised often by other authors of fantasy fiction for gender role stereotyping, though other authors have defended Lewis in this area.
Most allegations of sexism centre on the description of Susan Pevensie in The Last Battle when Lewis writes that Susan is "no longer a friend of Narnia" and interested "in nothing nowadays except nylons and lipstick and invitations". Philip Pullman , inimical to Lewis on many fronts, calls the Narnia stories "monumentally disparaging of women". Susan, like Cinderella , is undergoing a transition from one phase of her life to another. Lewis didn't approve of that. He didn't like women in general, or sexuality at all, at least at the stage in his life when he wrote the Narnia books.
He was frightened and appalled at the notion of wanting to grow up. In fantasy author Neil Gaiman 's short story "The Problem of Susan" ,   an elderly woman, Professor Hastings, deals with the grief and trauma of her entire family's death in a train crash. Although the woman's maiden name is not revealed, details throughout the story strongly imply that this character is the elderly Susan Pevensie. The story is written for an adult audience and deals with issues of sexuality and violence and through it Gaiman presents a critique of Lewis's treatment of Susan.
Alan Jacobs, an English professor at Wheaton College, asserts that Lucy is the most admirable of the human characters and that generally the girls come off better than the boys throughout the series Jacobs, The characters have positive and negative things to say about both male and female characters, suggesting an equality between sexes. However, the problem is that many of the positive qualities of the female characters seem to be those by which they can rise above their femininity The superficial nature of stereotypical female interests is condemned.
Taking a different stance altogether, Monika B.
As she puts it " To the extent that we have not examined our own chauvinism, we demean the "feminine" qualities and extol the "masculine" - not noticing that Lewis does the opposite. In addition to sexism, Pullman and others have also accused the Narnia series of fostering racism. While the book's storytelling virtues are enormous, you don't have to be a bluestocking of political correctness to find some of this fantasy anti- Arab , or anti-Eastern, or anti- Ottoman.
With all its stereotypes, mostly played for belly laughs, there are moments you'd like to stuff this story back into its closet. Gregg Easterbrook , writing in The Atlantic , calls the Calormenes "standins for Muslims",  while novelist Philip Hensher raises specific concerns that a reader might gain the impression Islam is a "Satanic cult". Lewis conference,  Dr. Devin Brown argued that there are too many dissimilarities between the Calormene religion and Islam, particularly in the areas of polytheism and human sacrifice, for Lewis's writing to be regarded as critical of Islam.
Nicholas Wanberg has argued, echoing claims by Mervyn Nicholson, that accusations of racism in the books are "an oversimplification", but he asserts that the stories employ beliefs about human aesthetics, including equating dark skin with ugliness, that have been traditionally associated with racist thought. Critics also argue whether Lewis's work presents a positive or negative view of colonialism.
Nicole DuPlessis favors the anticolonial view, claiming "the negative effects of colonial exploitations and the themes of animals' rights and responsibility to the environment are emphasized in Lewis' construction of a community of living things.
Through the negative examples of illegitimate rulers, Lewis constructs the 'correct' relationship between humans and nature, providing examples of rulers like Caspian who fulfill their responsibilities to the environment.
Various books from The Chronicles of Narnia have been adapted for television over the years. The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe was first adapted in Comprising ten episodes of thirty minutes each, the screenplay was written by Trevor Preston , and directed by Helen Standage.
Between and , the first four books as published were adapted by the BBC as four television serials. On 3 October , the C. Lewis Company announced that Netflix had acquired the rights to new film and television series adaptations of the Narnia books.
Collectively titled Tales of Narnia , the programs covered the entire series with a running time of approximately 15 hours. Between and , Focus on the Family produced radio dramatisations of the entire series through its Radio Theatre program. Accompanied by an original orchestral score and cinema-quality digital sound design, the series was hosted by Lewis's stepson Douglas Gresham and ran for just over 22 hours. Recordings of the entire adaptation were released on compact disc between and Many stage adaptations of The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe have been produced over the years.
The production was later revived at Westminster and The Royalty Theatre and went on tour until In , Trumpets Inc.
The novel was adapted as a musical production by Adrian Mitchell, with music by Shaun Davey. Well received by audiences, the production was periodically re-staged by the RSC for several years afterwards.
Sceptical that any cinematic adaptation could render the more fantastical elements and characters of the story realistically, Lewis never sold the film rights to the Narnia series. Lewis wrote back: Humanized beasts can't be presented to the eye without at once becoming either hideous or ridiculous. I wish the idiots who run the film world [would] realize that there are stories [which] are for the ear alone.
The first novel adapted was The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe. Released in December , The Chronicles of Narnia: In December , Disney pulled out of financing the remainder of the Chronicles of Narnia film series.
The Voyage of the Dawn Treader , which was released in December Lewis Estate had expired, and that there was a moratorium on producing any Narnia films outside of Walden Media. The Silver Chair. In November , these plans were halted because Netflix had begun developing adaptations of the entire series.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Series of children's fantasy novels by C. For other uses, see Narnia disambiguation. This article is about the book series. For the film series, see The Chronicles of Narnia film series.
Main article: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe. Prince Caspian. The Voyage of the Dawn Treader. The Horse and His Boy. The Magician's Nephew. The Last Battle. Further information: List of The Chronicles of Narnia characters. Lucy Pevensie. Edmund Pevensie. Susan Pevensie. Peter Pevensie. Eustace Scrubb. Jill Pole. Digory Kirke. Polly Plummer. Caspian X. Shasta Narnia.
Bree Narnia. White Witch. Lady of the Green Kirtle. Shift Narnia. See also: Narnian places. Religion in The Chronicles of Narnia. Adaptations of The Chronicles of Narnia. The Chronicles of Narnia film series. Narnia portal Children's literature portal. A Biography: On Stories: And Other Essays on Literature.
Companion to Narnia: Lewis's The Chronicles of Narnia Revised ed. San Francisco: Eight Children in Narnia: The Making of a Children's Story.
Chicago, IL: Open Court. Retrieved 22 September Archived from the original on 15 May Retrieved 6 September Eerdmans, , p Marjorie Lamp Mead ed. Letters to Children.
USA Today. Retrieved 21 September Reading with the Heart: The Way into Narnia. Grand Rapids: Archived from the original on 30 November The Collected Letters of C. Lewis, Volume III. Surprised by Joy. Fount Paperbacks. Retrieved 28 October Lewis Mean, and Does It Matter? Leadership U.
Retrieved 28 March A Field Guide to Narnia. InterVarsity Press. Planet Narnia: The Seven Heavens in the Imagination of C. New York: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 28 April Lewis' Narnia Chronicles". Modern Fiction Studies. Retrieved 1 October Milton, Spenser and The Chronicles of Narnia: Lewis novels.
Journey into Narnia: Lewis's Tales Explored.
Hope Publishing House. Apostle to the Skeptics.
Norwood Editions. Reflecting the Eternal: Dante's Divine Comedy in the Novels of C. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers. Lewis, Tolkien and the Shadow of Evil.
But he's good. He's the king, I tell you. Peter, Susan, Edmund and Lucy discover Narnia through the back of a wardrobe. Their battles with the white witch are legendary. The Horse and his Boy "Do not by any means destroy yourself, for if you live you may yet have good fortune but all the dead are dead alike.
Having both run away - they seek a better life in Narnia, becoming involved in a battle between the Narnians and the Calormenes. Prince Caspian "But things never happen the same way twice.
It has been hard for us all in Narnia before now. They aid the rightful heir to the throne in his attempts to stop his evil uncle from destroying Narnia. The Voyage of the Dawn Treader A swashbuckling tale full of adventures! Only Edmund and Lucy return this time, taking with them their dreadful cousin Eustace.
They land on the deck of a ship with Prince Caspian - on a journey to find 7 missing dukes. The Silver Chair "He was not a perfectly enormous giant; that is to say, he was rather taller than an apple tree but nothing like so tall as a telegraph pole. To find the missing Prince whose disappearance has led to numerous others going missing in search of him.